Stairwell Room: Revolutionary Annapolis Wall

Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1737-1832)

Artist: Michael Laty (1826 - 1848), 1846
Medium: Oil on canvas
Maryland Historical Society

State House - Stairwell Room   

First Citizen

Charles Carroll of Carrollton was born in Annapolis in 1737. He received a formal education in Europe and studied law in France and England. When Carroll returned to Annapolis in 1764 he was not allowed to practice law or hold public office due to restrictions on the rights of Roman Catholics.
In 1774, Carroll gained distinction by adopting the name "First Citizen" in a series of political debates published in the Maryland Gazette that focused on the nature of government and the rights of private citizens.

Carroll was the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence and, on his death in 1832, was the last surviving signer. He served in the Maryland Senate from 1777-1800, and was its president on the day of George Washington’s resignation.



KEy Images on the

Samuel Chase
Burning of the Peggy Stewart
Plan of the Harbour and City of Annapolis
The Honorable Thomas Stone
A Front View of the State House...
Charles Carroll of Carrollton

William Paca

Lord Ligonier Advertisement

Charles Calvert and Slave

The Fatal Stamp

Key Documents on the Wall

The Deputy Commissary's Guide...

Exhibits in the Stairwell Room

John Shaw # 1 Des