LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COUNTIES


[photo, Charles County Government Building, 200 Baltimore St., La Plata, Maryland]
  • Counties
  • Counties (by date of formation)
  • Map of Counties & County Seats

  • Charles County Government Building, 200 Baltimore St., La Plata, Maryland, May 2004. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.


    Allegany County

    Carroll County

    Harford County

    St. Mary's County

    Anne Arundel County

    Cecil County

    Howard County

    Somerset County

    Baltimore City

    Charles County

    Kent County

    Talbot County

    Baltimore County

    Dorchester County

    Montgomery County

    Washington County

    Calvert County

    Frederick County

    Prince George's County

    Wicomico County

    Caroline County

    Garrett County

    Queen Anne's County

    Worcester County


    [photo, Howard County Council Meeting Room, George Howard Building, 3430 Court House Drive, Ellicott City, Maryland] For much of Maryland, local government typically is county government. Twenty-three counties and Baltimore City make up the twenty-four main local jurisdictions found in Maryland. Baltimore City, although a municipality, has been considered on a par with county jurisdictions since the adoption of the Maryland Constitution of 1851.


    Howard County Council Meeting Room, George Howard Building, 3430 Court House Drive, Ellicott City, Maryland, May 2018. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.


    [photo, Wicomico County Government Office Building, 125 North Division St., Salisbury, Maryland] Twelve of Maryland's counties are governed by
    boards of county commissioners. These include Allegany, Calvert, Caroline, Carroll, Charles, Garrett, Kent, Queen Anne's, St. Mary's, Somerset, Washington and Worcester counties. Among these, six have adopted a code "home rule" form of government: Allegany, Caroline, Charles, Kent, Queen Anne's, and Worcester. "Home rule" empowers the county with broad legislative authority, and limits the General Assembly's local legislative powers.

    Wicomico County Government Office Building, 125 North Division St., Salisbury, Maryland, August 2012. Photo by David R. Herron.


    [photo, Prince George's County Courthouse, Duvall Wing, Upper Marlboro, Maryland] Eleven Maryland counties have ratified charter forms of government: Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Talbot, and Wicomico. All of these are governed by county councils; and all (except Dorchester & Talbot) are led by county executives.


    Prince George's County Courthouse, Duvall Wing, Upper Marlboro, Maryland, October 2009. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.


    Also see: Maryland Association of Counties

    Maryland Municipalities (by county)
    Maryland Municipalities (by name)
    Maryland Constitutional Offices & Agencies
    Maryland Departments
    Maryland Independent Agencies
    Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards
    Interstate Agencies (Maryland memberships)
    Maryland Universities & Colleges
    Maryland at a Glance


    Maryland Manual On-Line

    Search the Manual
    e-mail: mdmanual@mdarchives.state.md.us


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