Carroll County

Carroll County takes its name from Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1737-1832), Revolutionary War statesman and a Maryland signer of the Declaration of Independence. The county is bordered to the north by the Mason-Dixon line and Pennsylvania, the east by Baltimore County, the south by Howard County, and the west by Frederick County. It was erected from Baltimore and Frederick Counties by Chapter 256, Acts of 1835, and confirmed by Chapter 19, Acts of 1836, which was passed on January 19, 1837.

Carroll County contains some of the state's best farmland, and agribusiness continues to be a mainstay in the county's economy. Among the major farm products produced in the county are barley, soybeans, eggs, poultry, and livestock. The rolling countryside affords pleasant vistas of wooded hills, grassy pastures, cultivated fields, and neat farm buildings.

Among the sights popular with visitors are the Carroll County Farm Museum, a 140 acre farm house and outbuildings with displays of antique farm equipment and demonstrations of country crafts; the Shriver Homestead, furnished with nineteenth century pieces original to the house; and Western Maryland College, a liberal arts school which has been coeducational since its founding in 1867. Terra Rubra, the birthplace of Francis Scott Key, author of The Star Spangled Banner, is also located here.

float in a parade 1897
MSA SC 1477-6025

A parade in 1897 inspired this float representing the Western Maryland Railway machine shop located in Union Bridge. The tower atop the display symbolizes the observatory at Pen Mar Park, a mountain resort operated by the railway.

mt. airy 1905
MSA SC 1477-5382

Situated on the border of Frederick County, Mount Airy was bustling on this day in 1905.

New Windsor Road, in front of the Wakefield Church, c. 1920
MSA SC 1477-6333

Cement was being laid on the New Windsor Road in front of the Wakefield Valley Church when this photograph was made c. 1920.

Robert Strawbridge's Methodist Pilgrimage
MSA SC 1477-6351

Robert Strawbridge introduced Methodism to the United States in Carroll County in about 1764. His style of preaching without a book or a manuscript was considered revolutionary at the time. The Strawbridge Methodist Pilgrimage, seen here, was named in his honor.

Westmister, seat of Carroll County
MSA SC 1477-6361

Westminster is the seat of Carroll County, and this store at 179 Main Street appears to have been its center of civic pride when the photographer captured this portrait of patriotism.