1749, Oct. Christopher Gist (c.1706-1759), agent for the Ohio Company, erected stockade and trading post at Wills Creek on Potomac River.
1755, May. Under British Gen. Edward Braddock (1695-1755), stockade expanded to become Fort Cumberland.
1755, June. British Gen. Edward Braddock (1695-1755), leaving Fort Cumberland, led expedition through Maryland to the west. French and Indians defeated Braddock's forces near Fort Duquesne. Indians attacked western settlers.
1755, July 17. Braddock's aide-de-camp, George Washington, returned to Fort Cumberland.
1778. General Assembly reserved all unpatented lands "westward of Fort Cumberland" for Maryland soldiers of the Revolution.
1789. Allegany County created from western part of Washington County.
1794, Oct. 16. President George Washington called upon militia at Fort Cumberland to suppress Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.
"The Visionary", Young George Washington statue (dedicated Dec. 2008), by Susan Luery, in front of Allegany County Courthouse, 30 Washington St., Cumberland, Maryland, October 2014. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
1798. Allegany County School (later Allegany Academy) founded at Cumberland (Chapter 58, Acts of 1798).
1799. First Courthouse opened at Cumberland.
1818. National Road completed from Cumberland to Wheeling, now West Virginia.
1828-1848. Chesapeake and Ohio Canal constructed.
1835. George's Creek Coal and Iron Company formed.
Toll Gate House, a seven-sided structure, on old National (Cumberland) Road, 14302 National Highway (Rte. 40), LaVale, Maryland, October 2014. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
1839. Frostburg incorporated.
1841. Second Courthouse opened at Cumberland
1850, Oct. Chesapeake and Ohio Canal reached Cumberland.
1858. Westernport incorporated.
1861, Aug. 10-Nov. 27. Cole's Cavalry, Company B, organized at Cumberland.
1862, March 6. Clarysville Inn at Frostburg, transformed into military hospital for wounded Union soldiers through 1865.
1862, June 16. Confederate cavalry entered Cumberland.
1864, Aug. 1. Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Kelly rebuffed Confederate cavalry advance near Cumberland at Folck's Mill.
1872. Garrett County formed from western part of Allegany County.
1873, May. Allegany County coal miners established Miners and Laborers Protective and Benevolent Association.
1877, July 20-22. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad strike; workers went on strike along line, demonstrated in Cumberland, went on strike, and rioted at Baltimore.
1886, Sept. 14. David Johnson lynched at Westernport.
1889, May. Floodwaters inundated Cumberland.
1890. Lonaconing incorporated.
1893, Jan. 5. Courthouse destroyed by fire.
1894, April 17. At Cumberland, part of "Coxey's Army" boarded three boats down Potomac en route to Washington, DC.
1894, June. Frostburg coal strike.
Allegany County Courthouse, 30 Washington St., Cumberland, Maryland, July 2006. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
1900. Barton incorporated.
1900. Midland incorporated.
1907, Oct. 6. William Burns lynched at Cumberland.
1910. George's Creek Coal and Iron Company became George's Creek Coal Company.
1922. Luke incorporated.
1924, May 17. Ku Klux Klan rallied in Cumberland.
1929. Allegany County Academy closed.
1936, Nov. Strike in Cumberland at American Cellulose and Chemical Manufacturing Co. Ltd. (Celanese) plant led to recognition of union, Textile Workers of America, affiliated with Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO).
1936, March. Floods at Cumberland, National Guard called in.
1960. Conference of Appalachian Governors formed at Annapolis meeting.
1961, June. Allegany Community College (later Allegany College of Maryland) founded at Cumberland.
1963 Presidentís Appalachian Regional Commission formed.
1965, March 9. Appalachian Regional Commission established.
1968. Governor's Council for Appalachian Maryland created.
1968. Thomas B. Finan Memorial Bridge, also known as Crosstown Bridge, opened at Cumberland.
1971. Tri-County Council for Western Maryland formed.
1973. Maryland joined Interstate Mining Compact Commission.
1974. County Code Home Rule provided for self-government over local matters.
Rocky Gap State Park, Flintstone, Maryland, October 2014. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
1978, Oct. Thomas B. Finan Hospital Center opened at Cumberland.
1993. Canal Place Preservation and Development Authority created.
Canal Place Heritage Area, C&O Canal National Historical Park, 13 Canal St., Cumberland, Maryland, July 2006. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
2002, Sept. 10. Electronic voting machines first used during primary elections in four counties (Allegany, Dorchester, Montgomery, Prince George's).
2004, March 2. Electronic voting system used during primary elections at polling places and for absentee ballots in all counties and Baltimore City.
2004, May-2006, March. Eleven soldiers of 372nd Military Police Company, a reserve unit out of Cresaptown, convicted of mistreatment of prisoners at Abu Ghraib Prison, Baghdad, Iraq.
2008, March. North Branch Correctional Institution opened at Cumberland.
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