MARYLAND AT A GLANCE

SCIENCES

APPLIED SCIENCES


[photo, Engineering Building, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Catonsville, Maryland]
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Applied Physics
  • Engineering
  • Medicine
  • Research & Development
  • Engineering Building, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Catonsville, Maryland, May 2019. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.


    Applied sciences, including engineering and medicine, use existing knowledge to develop applications, such as technology.

    APPLIED MATHEMATICS
    Applied Mathematics uses mathematical tools to solve or investigate problems in science, engineering, and industry.

    Several institutions in Maryland conduct research in applied mathematics, including the Applied Mathematics Laboratory at Towson University and the Applied and Computational Mathematics Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    The Applied Mathematics Laboratory at Towson University opened in 1980. Since then, it has completed projects for a number of companies, including Martin Marietta and Blue Cross Blue Shield. The research teams are composed of undergraduates with faculty team leaders.

    Under the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Applied and Computational Mathematics Division provides technical expertise in finding solutions to mathematical and science problems through research and development and collaboration.

    APPLIED PHYSICS
    Applied Physics is the use of physics in technological or practical applications.

    In Maryland, the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the Applied Physics Laboratory at The Johns Hopkins University perform research in applied physics.

    The Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics at the University of Maryland, College Park involves both the College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences, and the A. James Clark School of Engineering. Research areas encompass microwave electronics, nanoscience, and plasma physics.

    The Applied Physics Laboratory at The Johns Hopkins University began in 1942. The Laboratory researches various technological fields, including air and missile defense and space science. Staff members serve as advisors and experts to the federal government.

    ENGINEERING
    Engineering is the application of knowledge in order to design and build structures or systems.

    The Maryland State Board for Professional Engineers and State Board of Stationary Engineers oversee those wishing to practice engineering in Maryland.

    The Maryland Board for Professional Engineers reviews applications, investigates charges, and subpoenas witnesses.

    State Board of Stationary Engineers issues licenses and conducts examinations and investigations.

    Private organizations, such as the Maryland Society of Professional Engineers, also are involved in the field of engineering. Established on March 23, 1938, the Society represents the engineering profession in legislative affairs, mentors new engineers, and encourages further study and education among its members.


    [photo, TIC Gums, 10552 Philadelphia Road, White Marsh (Baltimore County), Maryland] RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
    Research and Development (R&D) is the practice of developing new products or discovering new information about topics in order to develop new processes or products.

    Maryland's Department of Commerce offers the Research and Development Tax Credit to businesses with qualified expenditures.

    TIC Gums, 10552 Philadelphia Road, White Marsh (Baltimore County), Maryland, May 2016. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks.


    Several military research laboratories are found in Maryland. Among them are the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory.

    The U.S. Army Research Laboratory was started in October 1992. Its areas of research include propulsion, electronics, and network sciences.

    Opened on July 2, 1923, the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory conducts research, develops prototypes, and offers support and expertise.

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