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Volume 819
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Seven Hangmen of Colonial Maryland

First Page

The eight hundred and nineteenth volume of the Archives of Maryland series was written by C. Ashley Ellefson and published by the Archives of Maryland in 2009.

The Maryland State Archives acknowledges with gratitude the opportunity to publish Seven Hangmen of Colonial Maryland, by C. Ashley Ellefson. Professor Ellefson, who retains the copyright to his manuscript, has provided a non-exclusive transfer of the copyright only for publication on the Maryland State Archives' website, with the provision that no changes, amendments, or additions to the text and/or documentation may be made in the manuscript without permission from Professor or Mrs. Ellefson, and with the further provision that they reserve the right to publish the manuscript, electronically or in other form, in the future at their discretion.

Professor Ellefson's study of colonial judicial records includes several collections of charts that document various aspects of the judicial process. Time periods, jurisdictions, and recorded information vary by category.

"Charts on Criminal Prosecutions and Their Outcomes" includes 71 charts that cover capital crimes and sentences, as well as information about defendants hanged, gibbeted, quartered, reprieved, pardoned, or granted benefit of clergy. These charts analyze, in a spreadsheet format, cases of capital punishment by jurisdiction, status, race, and other variables. Information includes name, county of prosecution and date of execution.

"Criminal Matters in Eighteenth-Century Maryland" encompasses 31 charts that cover a variety of criminal matters and related court procedures.

"Imported Convicts and Runaways," a group of 12 charts, provides information about imported convict servants and about runaway indentured servants, convict servants,and slaves.

"Pardons and Reprieves," a final set of 15 charts, summarizes information about pardons, reprieves, and punishment by transportation.

Volume 819
Source Document

C. Ashley Ellefson. Seven Hangmen of Colonial Maryland. (Cortland, NY: 2009).

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Maryland State Archives