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A History of Printing in Colonial Maryland: 1686-1776 by Lawrence C. Wroth
Volume 435, Page 231   View pdf image (33K)
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Maryland Imprints of the Colonial Period, 1689-1776


278. [ALLEN, BENNET. Advertisement.| Baltimore: Printed by Nicholas Hasselbach. (?)

No copy known. Reprinted in Maryland Gazette for Sept 22,1768, where, as also on Sept 29,1768, it is spe-
cifically stated that it was printed in Baltimore. There is no evidence that any other printer was living in Balti-
more in 1768 except Hasselbach, and indeed the evidence herein contained that printing was being done in Balti-
more in 1768 is the only existing indication that Hasselbach or any other printer was active there at that time,
although it is known traditionally that Hasselbach lived until 1769.

This broadside, a reply to that issued by William Green on May 28, (below, No. 280) was an attack on the
Greens, Anne Catharine and William, for their refusal to print more of Alien's letters under the pseudonym "The
Bystander," unless he should disclose his identity. This Allen refused to do, although he was willing to indemnify
them against suit for libel. He alleged that the Greens were under such obligations to the Dulanys that they
feared to incur the displeasure of that family by publishing matter which was distasteful to them. The Greens
were ably defended by Mrs. Green's son-in-law, John Clapham, in Maryland Gazette for Sept. 22, 1768. Allen was
abusive, the Greens conducted their cause with reticence and dignity.

279. ALLEN, BENNET. To the | Public.| November 9,1768. | Mr. Wolstenholme having, in
his Hand-Bill of this Day, vindicated his Conduct | ..... [signed, Bennet Allen, and has
below a note asserting that two hand-bills by him on this subject had preceded this one.]
[Annapolis: Printed by Anne Catharine and William Green. 1768.]

Broadside. 17 1/4 x 10 3/4 inches.

Among those who were forward in contesting Mr. Alien's attempt at ecclesiastical pluralism was Mr. Walter
Dulany, between whom and Allen a newspaper controversy was carried on in the columns of the Maryland Ga-
zette in the spring of 1768, Mr. Dulany signing his articles "C. D.", Parson Allen pretending to conceal his iden-
tity behind "The Bystander." The controversy was carried on at first with common sense and righteous indigna-
tion by Dulany and with remarkable learning and impudence by Allen. Degenerating into invective, especially
on Alien's part, the Greens eventually had refused to print more of it except under conditions noted below, entry
No. 280. Feeling became so warm between Dulany and Allen that on Sunday, Nov. 6, 1768, these two met in
Annapolis and after high words proceeded to cudgel play. Dulany wrested Alien's cane from him and gave it
into the keeping of Mr. Daniel Wolstenholme. Immediately after the encounter, Allen published two handbills,
as he says in a footnote to the above broadside, reflecting on Wolstenholme's part in the affair, and these were
replied to by Wolstenholme in the broadside noted below, No. 288. The item here described is Alien's reply to
Wolstenholme's broadside and contains his own version of the altercation.

The story of this brilliant clerical profligate has never been fully written. Ample material exists for it in the
Sharpe Correspondence; in the Maryland Gazette for the spring and fall of 1768; in the "Gilmor Papers" and the
"Dulany Papers" in the Maryland Historical Society; in Allen, St. Ann's Parish\ in the "Letters of Jonathan
Boucher" in vols. 7-9 of the Maryland Historical Magazine\ and in Alien's own pamphlet, printed by William
Goddard of Philadelphia in 1768, entitled An Address to the Vestrymen, Church-Wardens, and Parishoners of All-
Saints, in Frederick County, Maryland, a copy of which is in the Gilmor Papers.

It should be said that the Dulanys later had cause to regret whatever victories they had obtained over Allen.
In London in 1782, Allen avowed himself the author of an attack on Daniel Dulany, Jr. which had appeared some
time before in an English journal. Lloyd Dulany, the younger brother of Walter and Daniel, challenged the de-
tractor of his brother to a meeting on the field of honor. Dulany was killed; Allen plead his "clergy" and was
acquitted of the charge of manslaughter which was brought against him.

MdHS. (in Gilmor Papers).

280. GREEN, WILLIAM. To the Public.] Annapolis, May 28,1768.| Whereas a Controversy
has been published in the Gazette, for | a considerable Time, betwixt a certain Gentleman,
who calls | himself a Bystander, and his Opponents, ..... [Annapolis: Printed by Anne
Catharine and William Green. 1768.]

Broadside. 11 5/8 x 7 7/8 inches.

First paragraph signed "The Printers"; second, unsigned; third and last signed "William Green." Refers to
the demand made by the Greens upon the Rev. Bennet Allen (The Bystander) either to disclose his identity or
to indemnify them against suit for libel by Walter Dulany (C. D.), the other principal in the controversy, whom
Allen had begun to attack on personal grounds. See Nos. 278 and 279.

MdHS. (Gilmor Papers).



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A History of Printing in Colonial Maryland: 1686-1776 by Lawrence C. Wroth
Volume 435, Page 231   View pdf image (33K)
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