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Maryland Manual, 1989-90
Volume 184, Page 501   View pdf image (33K)
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Interstate Agencies/501


Interstate agencies enable states to work together for common purposes. Often, these agencies are
created from interstate compacts approved by the U.S. Congress. The authority for interstate compacts
is found in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, sec. 10).


Federal Co-Chairperson: Winifred A. Pizzano
States' Co-Chairperson: Guy Hunt, Governor of

Maryland member appointed by Secretary of
Housing & Community Development with
Governor's approval: William Donald Schaefer,
Governor (Ronald M. Kreitner, alternate)

Francis E. Moravitz, Executive Director

1666 Connecticut Ave., N.W
Washington, DC 20235 (202) 673-7893

The Appalachian Regional Commission was cre-
ated by the federal Appalachian Regional Develop-
ment Act of 1965 (EL. 89-4). To implement this
act, the Governor and Board of Public Works were
authorized to appoint a State member and an alter-
nate to the Commission (Chapter 415, Acts of

The Commission plans and coordinates pro-
grams to develop the thirteen-state Appalachian
region, which includes the Western Maryland coun-
ties of Washington, Allegany, and Garrett. Com-
mission programs include construction of a
developmental highway system, access roads,
health centers, vocational schools, and sewage
treatment works; development of land, timber, and
water resources; rehabilitation of areas damaged by
strip and surface mining; and the establishment of
local development districts to support economic
development at the local level.

The Commission's major function is to support
economic development of the Appalachian region
through allocation of federal funds to member
states. The Commission can act only on proposals
submitted to it by state members.

With the approval of the Governor, the Secre-
tary of Housing and Community Development
appoints the State member and alternate (Code
1957, Art. 83B, secs. 4-501 through 4-505).


Maryland members appointed by Governor: two

Contact: Richard W. Collins

c/o Hazardous & Solid Waste Management
Dept. of the Environment
2500 Broening Hwy.
Baltimore, MD 21224 631-3305

In 1986, Maryland repealed the Northeast In-
terstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Manage-
ment Compact and ratified the Appalachian States
Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact (Chapter
33, Acts of 1986). The Compact provides for a
commission consisting of two members, appointed
by the governor from each party state, and five
members from each host state. Delaware, Pennsyl-
vania, and West Virginia also have ratified the Com-
pact. After anticipated Congressional approval of
the Compact, the Commission will have central
offices in Pennsylvania.

The Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive
Waste Compact provides a framework for coopera-
tive efforts. It assures proper packaging and trans-
portation of low-level wastes. For radioactive waste
disposal, the Compact identifies a host state (based
on the volume and curie content of radioactive
waste generated) to receive radioactive waste from
party states; and distributes the costs and benefits
equitably among party states. The Compact, after
establishment of a regional facility, will ban wastes
generated outside the region.

The Commission designates as a host state any
party state that generates 25 percent or more of
Pennsylvania's volume or total curie content of
low-level radioactive waste, based on a comparison
of averages over three successive years. A party state
designated as a host state must begin immediate
development of a regional facility designed to serve
at least thirty years. Party states exempt from host
state responsibilities continue as patty states pro-
vided they generate less than the threshold amount
of low-level radioactive waste over successive three-
year periods.


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Maryland Manual, 1989-90
Volume 184, Page 501   View pdf image (33K)
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