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Maryland Manual, 1971-72
Volume 175, Page 230   View pdf image (33K)
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The Commission consists of twelve members appointed by the Gov-
ernor with the advice and consent of the Senate for six-year terms.
The Governor designates the Chairman of the Commission and
appoints the Executive Director, the Deputy Director and the General
Counsel. One member must represent Caroline, Cecil, Kent, Queen
Anne's or Talbot counties; one member must represent Dorchester,
Wicomico, Worcester, or Somerset counties; three members must rep-
resent Baltimore City; one member must represent Allegany, Carroll,
Frederick, Garrett, Howard, Montgomery or Washington counties;
one member must be from Montgomery County; two members must
be from Baltimore County; two members must represent Anne Arun-
del, Calvert, Charles or St. Mary's counties; and two members must
reside in Prince George's County.
The Commission has the authority and power to make such surveys
and studies concerning human relations, conditions and problems as
it may determine, and to promote in every way possible the better-
ment of human relations. It is authorized to eliminate discrimination
based on race, color, national origin, religious creed, sex or age. The
Commission is further directed to promote in every way possible the
betterment of interracial relations, submit legislative and admin-
istrative recommendations to the Governor in the field of human rela-
tions and to oversee compliance with the Code of Fair Practices as
promulgated by the Governor.
The Commission is empowered to administer and enforce the Mary-
land Public Accommodations Law, Discrimination in Financing Law
and the Fair Employment Practices Law. By Chapter 153, Acts of
1969, the Commission was empowered to initiate complaints and inves-
tigate complaints of discrimination in State Agencies.
Chapter 413, Acts of 1970 added the office of Deputy Director,
broadened the prohibition against sex discrimination in employment,
transferred enforcement of prohibition against age discrimination in
employment to the Commission on Human Relations, modified confi-
dentiality provisions, simplified the Commissioner complaint proce-
dure, and made several other changes, including one making it clear
that political subdivisions may also enact human relations legislation,
but in doing so, not weakening the State law.
By Chapter 324, Acts of 1971, the General Assembly enacted major
legislation, to become effective after July 1, 1971, providing the
Commission with enforcement powers regarding Discrimination In
Housing. This law also broadened the Public Accommodations Law to
include all businesses licensed by the State under Article 41, Section
221 of the Annotated Code. This provision included a prohibition
against sexual discrimination by these licensees.
The Commission formulates general policy and direction, acts upon
programs and administrative proposals, conducts public meetings and
promotes Commission community presence and assistance. Through
its staff, the Commission receives, investigates, and mediates com-
plaints which allege violation of these laws. The Commission has the
power to conduct public hearings, administer oaths, issue subpoenas,
and to compel the attendance, the testimony of witnesses, the produc-
tion of books, papers, records, and documents relevant or necessary for
proceeding under these laws and to dismiss complaints where evidence
shows an absence of discriminatory acts or, issue a Cease and Desist
Order if evidence shows that a respondent has engaged in a dis-
criminatory act.
The Commission submits an annual report to the Governor and the
General Assembly together with recommendations, if any, for addi-
tional legislation (Code 1957, 1968 Repl. Vol., 1970 Supp., Art. 49B,
sees. 1-3,11-28).

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Maryland Manual, 1971-72
Volume 175, Page 230   View pdf image (33K)
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