Located in Northeast Baltimore, the Maryland School for the Blind was incorporated in 1853 as the Maryland Institution for the Instruction of the Blind, and adopted its present name in 1868. A private, nonprofit school, it educates blind or visually impaired children and youth, including those with multiple disabilities, from infancy to age 21.

In addition to traditional classroom subjects, students at the Maryland School for the Blind may learn Braille or low-vision techniques, orientation and mobility skills. The School also provides assistive technology; audiology; career education; health and dental services; infant and toddler services; psychological evaluations; speech, physical, and occupational therapy; and therapeutic recreation. For students over five years of age, residential services are available. The School is accredited by the National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind and Visually Handicapped and the Middle States Association for Colleges and Secondary Schools.

To govern the School, the Board of Directors was created by the General Assembly in 1998 (Chapter 617, Acts of 1998). The Board consists of twenty-five members. Five are appointed jointly by the Governor and State Superintendent of Schools. Twenty are elected by the Board of Directors (Code Education Article, sec. 8-314).

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