State Superintendent of Schools, 1976 to 1988. Secretary-Treasurer, State Board of Education, 1976-88. Member, Governor's Executive Council, 1976-88. Chair, Interagency Committee on School Construction, 1976-88; Education Coordinating Council for Correctional Institutions, 1976-88; Education Coordinating Council for State Hospital Centers and Juvenile Institutions, 1976-88. Chair, Board of Trustees, Teachers' Retirement System, 1976-79. Chair, Board of Trustees, Teachers' Retirement and Pension Systems, 1980-88. Member, Advisory Council to the Board of Public Works on Higher Education Facilities Acts, 1976-88; Advisory Council on Drug Abuse, 1976-88; Education Coordinating Committee, 1976-88; Maryland Education Council, 1976-88; State Employment and Training Council, 1976-88; Maryland Highway Safety Coordinating Committee, 1976-88; Governor's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, 1979-82; Governor's Commission on Hispanic Affairs, 1978-88; Task Force to Study Educational and Related Service Needs of Children in Juvenile Residential Institutions, 1980; Task Force on Violence and Extremism, 1981-87; Maryland Criminal Justice Coordinating Council, 1982-88; Task Force on School Construction Finance, 1987.
Deputy Counsel to Governor of Pennsylvania, 1971. Executive Deputy Secretary of Education, Pennsylvania, 1972-76.
Chair, National Title I Commission, 1994.
Superintendent of Public Schools, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1994-2000.
Born in Knoxville, Tennessee, December 11, 1941. Attended public schools, Longview, Texas; Austin College, B.A. (history), 1963, and honorary doctorate; Oxford University, P.G.Dip. (theology), 1965; Union Theological Seminary, B.Div., 1966. Member, campus ministry at Temple University, 1966. University of Pennsylvania Law School, J.D., 1971. Former partner, law firm of Hogan and Hartson, Washington, DC. Visiting professor, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988-94. President and Chief Executive Officer, International Youth Foundation, 2003-05. Director, Advancing Community Schools in Baltimore, 2012-14. Child advocate, All Children Thrive with Opportunity, 2014-. Member, Operation Crossroads Africa. Founder and Chair, Good Schools Pennsylvania. Chair, Children's Defense Fund. Board of Directors, Education Week; National Center on Education and the Economy. Chair, Board of Directors, Public Education Network. Member, Council on Adolescent Development, Carnegie Corporation; Carnegie Task Force on the Education of Early Adolescents. Past president, Council of Chief State School Officers. Former chair, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Co-editor, Human Capital and America's Future: An Economic Strategy for the Nineties (1991). Co-author, Choosing Excellence in Public Schools: Where There's a Will, There's a Way (New Frontiers in Education, 2009). Married; two children, four grandchildren.
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