The nine-stanza poem, "Maryland, My Maryland," was written by James Ryder Randall in April 1861. A native of Maryland, Randall was teaching in Louisiana in the early days of the Civil War, and he was outraged at the news of Union troops being marched through Baltimore. The poem articulated Randall's Confederate sympathies. Set to the traditional tune of "Lauriger Horatius" (more familiar as the tune of "O, Tannenbaum"), the song achieved wide popularity in Maryland and throughout the South.
As of July 1, 2021, "Maryland, My Maryland" as the State song was repealed and not replaced by the General Assembly (Chapters 148 & 149, Acts of 2021).
James Ryder Randall (detail from postcard, Jack Kelbaugh Collection of Civil War Photographs, MSA SC4325-52, Maryland State Archives).
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