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Laws of Maryland 1785-1791
Volume 204, Page 458   View pdf image (33K)
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                JOHN EAGER HOWARD, Esquire, Governor.

    V.  This act to continue and be in force as long as the act to which this is a
supplement.

1790.

CHAP.
   VIII.

                                            CHAP. IX.
An ACT to repeal certain parts of an act, entitled, An act to prevent
    disabled and superannuated slaves being set free, or the
    manumission of slaves by any last will and testament, and of a
    supplementary act thereto, and for certain other purposes.

Passed December
14.
    WHEREAS it is contrary to the principles of justice to prevent the
manumission of slaves by last will and testament,
Preamble.
    II.  Be it enacted, by the General Assembly of Maryland, That all that part of
an act, entitled, An act to prevent disabled and superannuated slaves being set free,
or the manumission of slaves by any last will or testament, which is contained
within the third section thereof, shall be and is hereby repealed.
Part of an act
repealed.
    III.  And be it enacted, That from and after the passage of this act, it shall
and may be lawful for any person or persons, capable in law to make a valid will
and testament, to grant freedom to, and effect the manumission of, any slave or
slaves belonging to such person or persons, by his, her, or their last will and testament,
and such manumission of any slave or slaves may be made to take effect
at the death of the testator or testators, or at such other periods as may be limitted
in such last will and testament:  Provided always, that no manumission
hereafter to be made by last will and testament, shall be effectual to give freedom
to any slave or slaves, if the same shall be in prejudice of creditors, nor unless the
said slave or slaves shall be not exceeding the age of fifty years, and able to work
and gain a sufficient maintenance and livelihood, at the time the freedom to be
given by last will and testament shall be intended to commence.
Persons may
manumit
slaves by will,
&c.
    IV.  And, whereas it is contrary to the dictates of humanity and the principles
of the christian religion to inflict personal penalties on children for the offences of
their parents, Be it enacted, That all those parts of an act, entitled, An act relating
to servants and slaves, and of another act, entitled, A supplementary act to
the act, entitled, An act relating to servants and slaves, which impose a servitude
to the age of thirty-one years on the issue of certain inordinate copulations mentioned
in the twenty-sixth, twenty-seventh, and twenty-eighth sections of the
said first mentioned act, and in the second and third sections of the said last mentioned
act, shall be and they are hereby repealed:  Provided always, that nothing
in this act shall affect the right of any person or persons whatever to the servitude
of any such issue heretofore acquired under the repealed parts of the acts aforesaid.
Parts of former
laws repealed,
&c.
    V.  And be it enacted, That from and after the passing of this act, if any person
or persons shall forcibly or fraudulently transport or carry, or cause to be transported
or carried, out of this state, any free negro or mulatto, knowing such negro
or mulatto to be free, every such person or persons shall forfeit and pay the sum
of three hundred pounds current money for every negro or mulatto so transported
or carried, or cause to be transported or carried; and if any person or persons
shall transport or carry, or cause to be transported or carried, out of this state, any
negro or mulatto entitled to freedom at a certain age, and sell or otherwise dispose
of, or cause to be sold or otherwise dispose of, out of this state, such negro or
mulatto as a slave for life, knowing such negro or mulatto to be entitled to freedom
at a certain age, every such person or persons shall, for every such offence,
forfeit and pay the sum of three hundred pounds current money.
Penalty to
persons transporting
free
negroes, &c.
    VI.  And, whereas it is just and reasonable that the faithful services of slaves
should not be forgotten after they are grown old or incapable of labour, and
humanity requires that such slaves, when grown old in service, or rendered infirm
by accidents or misfortunes, should be still supported and maintained by their
masters, mistresses or owners, Be it therefore further enacted, That if any
master, mistress, owner or owners, of any slave or slaves grown old and incapable
of labour, or otherwise disabled by sickness or accident, shall refuse or neglect

 
 

Masters, &c.
to provide for
old or disabled
slaves,
&c.

                                                        C

 
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Laws of Maryland 1785-1791
Volume 204, Page 458   View pdf image (33K)
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