12 MARYLAND MANUAL.
accustomed fight for Civil Service Reform in Maryland. His
bill passed the Senate for the application of the principle to the
city of Baltimore. In the House, the Act was made applicable
to the entire State, with a referendum to the people in the
several counties and the city of Baltimore. This was the legisla-
tive status of the bill when this work went to press. Mr. Bruce,
by virtue of his office, is the Chairman on Rules in the Senate.
Senator James M. Sloan.
James M. Sloan, the hold-over Senator from Allegany county,
is forty-four years old. He was born at Eckhart, Allegany
county, August 3d, 1851. When the Senator was still a child,
his parents removed to Lonaconing, where his father was em-
ployed in the mines. When Mr. Sloan was eleven years old, his
father, who had been an invalid for some time, died, leaving
James M. and an older brother, David, to support a large family.
This fact caused Mr. Sloan to seek remunerative employment
at an early age. He began working in the coal mines at the
age of twelve years, and continued at that employment until
1865, when he took a position with Hennekamp & Son, grocers,
of Lonaconing. Two years later he returned to the mines and
continued to dig coal until, in 1870, when, associated with his
brother, he established a grocery store in Lonaconing. In 1873,
Mr. Sloan went to the town of Pekin and established a general
merchandise store on his own account. He was appointed the
first postmaster of Pekin, in 1874, and continued in office while
he remained in the town. In 1877, Mr. Sloan was nominated
by the Republicans for the House of Delegates, but was defeated,
having run fourteen votes behind Wm. M. McKaig, who was
twice elected to Congress since that time. In April, 1878, Mr.
Sloan established a store at Ocean, Maryland, and has been in
business in that town ever since. In 1878, Mr. Sloan was
appointed postmaster at Ocean, and he held that office until
elected to the State Senate in 1893.
In 1893, he was elected to the State Senate by a plurality of
1, 465 votes over Henry Rehs, the Democratic candidate. He is
chairman of committee on executive nominations; on committees
on public institutions, on railroads and canals, on corporations.
ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY.
Senator John Wirt Randall.
John Wirt Randall, the Senator of Anne Arundel county, is
fifty years of age, and was educated at St. John's College, Bur-