992 ADDRESSES AND STATE PAPERS
is not an exact science"; he saw each state government as a laboratory
for national progress. Many cases can be cited to justify Brandeis'
It was the State of Massachusetts, and not the United States of
America, which passed the first factory inspection statute. It was the
territory of Alaska, and not Congress, that approved the first old-age
pension program. It was the administration in Wisconsin, not Wash-
ington, D. C., that sponsored the first unemployment insurance pro-
gram enacted in this country.
These measures alone stand as persuasive testimony for the in-
tegrity of state governments and their capacity to serve in the creative
vanguard for national progress.
The fact that state and local governmental expenditures and services
have increased at a rate higher than the Federal government's, in-
dicates the willingness of these units to meet present challenges re-
The numerous interstate cooperation programs and regional com-
pacts established through State-Federal efforts reveal a capacity to
work in concert.
All of these are signs of a new flowering of Federalism, and its
promise is the promise of bringing government and the people close
"Bring us together again" is the aspiration of the Nixon Adminis-
tration. We seek to re-unite and re-vitalize by reconciling institutions
and individuals. The task is monumental, the opportunity historic
and participation in this challenge must be all-inclusive.
National unity depends on the unified dedication linking White
House and State House, Courthouse and Congress, and citizen. It
requires statesmanship, not partisanship. It invites initiative from
every segment of our society.
This, then, is our task. Let us set about it with diligence and with
courage. Let us not be deterred by the little defeats which always
intrude upon great undertakings. Let us invest our legacy to produce
a greater America for the generations to come.