1671-1674/75, 1676-1682, 1682 (died before the
2nd session). OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Coun-
cil, 1656-1660, 1661-1682 (president, 1656-1660,
1661-1682); justice, Provincial Court, 1656-1660,
1661-1682; secretary, 1656-1660; treasurer and
receiver general, 1659-1660; governor, 1660-1661;
chancellor, 1660-1682; deputy governor, 1669;
commissary general, 1672-1682. LOCAL OFFICE:
mayor, St. Mary's City, 1668-1671. STANDS ON
PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: his arrival in colony in
1656 was the first time since 1647 that Lord
Baltimore had a trusted family member and advi-
sor in the colony; over the next thirty-six years,
Calvert provided important stability and leader-
ship, although he often incurred the displeasure of
his nephew, Charles Calvert, after the latter ar-
rived to supersede Philip as governor in 1661.
WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: 4,700 acres by 1660, which he sold or
surrendered by 1664; acquired 1,900 acres in 1664,
and an additional 2,000 acres in 1670. WEALTH AT
DEATH. DIED: in late December 1682. PERSONAL
PROPERTY: an extensive library of nearly 100
books. LAND: over 3,900 acres.
CALVERT, WILLIAM (ca. 1642/43-1682).
BORN ca. 1642/43 in England; perhaps illegiti-
mate. IMMIGRATED: in 1661 as a free adult from
England. RESIDED: in St. Mary's County. FAMILY
BACKGROUND. FATHER: Leonard Calvert (ca.
1606-1647). MOTHER: possibly Anne Brent. UN-
CLE: Philip Calvert (1626-1682). UNCLE AND
GUARDIAN: Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore
(1605-1675). SISTER: Anne (1644-ca. 1714), who
married first, Baker Brooke (1628-1678/79), sec-
ond, Henry Brent (?-1693), and third, Richard
Marsham (?-1713). FIRST COUSIN: Charles Calvert,
3rd Lord Baltimore (1637-1714/15). MARRIED in
1661/62 Elizabeth, daughter of William Stone (ca,
1603-ca. 1659/60). Her brothers were Thomas
(ca. 1635-1676); Charles; Richard (?-1767); and
John Stone (ca. 1648-1697). Her sisters were
Mary; Catherine. CHILDREN. SONS: Charles (1662-
1733), who married first, Mary, daughter of Ro-
bert Howson, of Stafford County, Virginia, and
second, Barbara, daughter of Martin Kirke; Wil-
liam (1666-?); George (1668-after 1739), who
married Elizabeth Doyne; and Richard (1670-
1718). DAUGHTER: Elizabeth, who married in 1681
James Neale (1650-1727), son of James Neale (ca.
1615-1684). PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: liter-
ate, had considerable schooling. RELIGIOUS AFFIL-
IATION: Catholic. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVI-
TIES: second generation provincial officeholder;
Esq. on arrival; received extensive preferment as a
member of the proprietary family. OCCUPATIONAL
PROFILE: placeman; planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEG-
ISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House, St. Mary's
County, 1663-1664, 1666; Upper House, special
writ 1669 (Aggrievances), 1671-1674/75, 1676-
1682 (died during the 4th session). OTHER PRO-
VINCIAL OFFICES: attorney general, 1666-1669;
secretary and judge of Probate, 1669-1670,
1673/74-1682; Council, 1669-1682; justice, Pro-
vincial Court, 1669-1682. LOCAL OFFICES, alder-
man, St. Mary's City, 1668-1671. MILITARY SER-
VICE: colonel, by 1679; commander of foot, St.
Mary's County, 1681. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least 9,000 acres
inherited from his father. WEALTH AT DEATH.
DIED: on May 26, 1682; drowned while trying to
ford the swollen Wicomico River. PERSONAL
PROPERTY: TEV, £981.2.2 sterling (including 12
slaves, 8 servants, 28 books, and 1 sloop); FB,
8,044 pounds of tobacco. LAND: ca. 1,400 acres.
CAMPBELL (CAMELL, CAMBELL), JOHN
(1634-1695). BORN: in 1634, probably in England.
IMMIGRATED: ca. 1651 as an indentured servant to
Dr. John Wade(?-1658). RESIDED: at Poplar Hill,
St. Mary's County. MARRIED Catherine. CHIL-
DREN. SONS: Thomas; Richard; and James.
DAUGHTERS: Faith, who married Henry Taylor;
Rachel, who married John Russell; and Dorothy.
PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: illiterate. RELI-
GIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican. SOCIAL STATUS
AND ACTIVITIES: arrived as a servant: held no title
until his first militia office in 1681; his illiteracy
probably accounted for his removal from the jus-
ticeship in 1692; his sons held no public office.
OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE indentured servant, ca.
1651-1656; planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE
SERVICE: Associators' Convention, St. Mary's
County, 1689-1692; Lower House, St. Mary's
County, 1692-1693. LOCAL OFFICES: justice, St.
Mary's County, 1689-1692; William and Mary
Parish Vestry, St. Mary's County, 1693-1695.
MILITARY SERVICE: captain, 1681-1689; major,
1689-1695. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES:
his important role in military affairs during the
revolution of 1689 were rewarded by civil offices
and by promotion in the militia. WEALTH DURING
LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: ca. 580
acres. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: will probated on
November 4, 1695. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV,
£218.18.7 sterling (including 2 servants). LAND:
ca. 580 acres.
CAMPBELL (CAMBELL), WALTER (1665-
1738). BORN: in 1665, probably in Dumbarton,