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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 190   View pdf image (33K)
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CAL BIOGRAPHIES

Against the wishes of his family, he devised the
province of Maryland to Henry Harford (ca.. 1759-
1834), subject to the payment of £20,000 to be
divided between his sisters, Louisa and Caroline.
OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: proprietor of Maryland,
1751-1771. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. As pro-
prietor Calvert's private income included duties
enacted by the provincial legislature for his bene-
fit, such as a 14 pence sterling per ton duty on
shipping, plus up to £10,000 sterling per year in
land revenues. He owned all unpatented land in
Maryland. Calvert held as his personal fiefdom
manors in various counties totaling at least
111,500 acres in 1751, plus reserves around each
manor. Calvert appointed a commission in 1766 to
sell his manors and reserves. About 50,000 acres
were sold by 1771 (ca. 25,000 acres from the man-
ors and ca. 25,000 acres of the 45,000-acre
Baltimore Reserves). In 1768, ca. 10,700 acres of
manor land in Frederick County were given to
John Morton Jordan (?-1771), one of the agents
for the sale of the proprietary lands. By 1771 the
manor and reserve lands, including 121,000 acres
on the western frontier of the province, totaled ca.
245,000 acres. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: on Sep-
tember 4, 1771, in Naples, Italy; buried at Epsom,
Surrey, England; size of estate unknown.

CALVERT, LEONARD (ca. 1606-1647). BORN.
ca. 1606 in England; second son. IMMIGRATED: in
1633/34 as a free adult. RESIDED: in St. Mary's

County. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Sir

George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore (1578/79-
1632). MOTHER Anne (1579-1622), daughter of
George Mynne. BROTHERS Cecilius Calvert, 2nd
Lord Baltimore (1605-167 5); George (1613-1634);
Francis; Henry; and John (1618-1618/19). HALF
BROTHER Philip Calvert (1626-1682). SISTERS
Anne; Dorothy; Elizabeth; Grace (1614-?); and
Helen (1615-1655). MARRIED possibly Anne
Brent. CHILDREN. SON: William Calvert (ca.
1642/43-1682), who married in 1661/62,
Elizabeth, daughter of William Stone (ca, 1603-ca.
1659/60). DAUGHTER: Anne (1644-ca. 1714), who
married first in 1664, Baker Brooke (1628-
1678/79), second, ca. 1680, Henry Brent (?-1693),
and third, Richard Marsham (?-1713). PRIVATE
CAREER. EDUCATION literate, probably had con-
siderable schooling. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION:
Catholic. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: sailed
to Maryland as governor with the first two ships
of immigrants, 1633; returned to England in
1641/42 and 1643/44, during which time he fa-
thered his two children, who were probably illegit-
imate. OCCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: placeman;

planter; engaged in some trade with the Indians.

PUBLIC CAREER. PROVINCIAL OFFICES: governor,

1633-1647. OUT OF COLONY SERVICE: prothono-
tary and keeper of writs in Connaught and Tho-
mond, Ireland, 1621. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE
ISSUES: Calvert had a very difficult task in the ini-
tial years of settlement of steering a middle ground
between the demands of various groups in colony,
especially the Jesuits, and his responsibilities as
chief executive officer for his brother; he was gen-
erally more lenient to special interest groups in
Maryland than his brother wished. WEALTH DUR-
ING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 3,000

acres in 1634. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: on June
11, 1647. LAND, patents or certificates for ca.
9,000 acres.

CALVERT, PHILIP (1626-1682). BORN, in 1626
in England; youngest son. IMMIGRATED: in 1656
as a free adult with his wife. RESIDED: at "Pope's
Freehold," St. Mary's County until 1679; "St. Pe-
ter's," St. Mary's County after 1679. FAMILY
BACKGROUND. FATHER: Sir George Calvert, 1st
Lord Baltimore (1578/79-1632). MOTHER. Joan.
HALF BROTHERS: Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord
Baltimore (1605-1675); Leonard Calvert (ca.
1606-1647); George (1613-1634); Francis; Henry;
and John (1618-1618/19). HALF SISTERS: Anne;
Dorothy; Elizabeth; Grace (1614-?); and Helen
(1615-1655). MARRIED first, by 1656 Anne,
daughter of Sir Thomas Wolseley, of Wolseley,
Staffordshire, England, and wife Helen Brough-
ton. MARRIED second, in 1681 Jane, daughter of
Henry Sewall (?-1665) and wife Jane Lowe; step-
daughter of Charles Calvert, 3rd Lord Baltimore
(1637-1714/15). Her brother was Nicholas Sewall
(ca. 1655-1737). Her sisters were Elizabeth, who
married first, Jesse Wharton (?-1676), and second,
William Digges (ca. 1650-1697); Anne, who mar-
ried first, Benjamin Rozer (?-1681), and second,
Edward Pye (?-1696); and Mary (?-1693/94), who
married first, William Chandler (1652-1685), son
of Job Chandler (?-1659), and second, George
Brent. CHILDREN. Died without progeny. PRIVATE
CAREER. EDUCATION: literate, probably had con-
siderable schooling. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION:
Catholic. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: arrived
with commissions as councilor and secretary; very
influential member of the proprietary family; his
twenty-five years on the Council was a rare exam-
ple of longevity in that office for seventeenth-
century Maryland. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE:
placeman; planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE
SERVICE Upper House, 1658, 1659/60, 1661,
1662, 1663-1664, 1666, 1669 (Aggrievances),

190



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 190   View pdf image (33K)
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