[photo, Replica of a Susquehannock wigwam, Havre de Grace Maritime Museum, 100 Lafayette St., Havre de Grace, Maryland]

For millenia, Maryland has had a diverse population. Even before Western European explorers landed upon the continent, the land that became Maryland boasted a bourgeoning society. Since 3000 B.C., Maryland sustained many native bands, tribes, and confederacies.

On January 9, 2012, Tribes of the Piscataway became the first to be recognized by the State of Maryland (Executive Order 01.01.2012.01; Executive Order 01.01.2012.02), followed on December 19, 2017, by the Accohannock Tribe (Executive Order 01.01.2017.31). Currently, there are no federally recognized tribes living in Maryland.

Replica of a Susquehannock wigwam, Havre de Grace Maritime Museum, 100 Lafayette St., Havre de Grace, Maryland, June 2015. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks.

As of the 2020 Census, some 128,650 people living in Maryland identified themselves as either Native American or part Native American.

The Commission on Indian Affairs was created to represent and help Maryland tribes, including the Accohannock Indian Tribe, the Assateague Peoples Tribe, the Nause-Waiwash Band of Indians, the Piscataway Conoy Tribe, the Piscataway Indian Nation, the Pocomoke Indian Nation, and the Youghiogheny River Band of Shawnee Indians. Members of other tribes found in other parts of the country have settled in Maryland, particularly the Lumbee Tribe from North Carolina.

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