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vincial duties listed above as payable to a Treasurer, and on these
other duties payable elsewhere: 23

Tobacco exported: 12d sterling pet hogshead (enacted April, 1671),
Sept., 1689, to Sept., 1716. Of this 3d was for arms and 9d for the
Governor's salary. Payable to the Crown Receivers. (After 1715 this
was a proprietary duty, with a separate additional 3d duty raised for
purchase or arms; see below. )

Tobacco exported: 3d sterling per hogshead, June, 1692, to 1716/17;
payable to the Crown Receivers for the Governor's use. (After 1715
this was a proprietary duty, but it was seldom enacted after 1739; see
below. )

Tonnage duty. 3d sterling per ton (country bottoms excepted), Oct.,
1694, to 1716/17; payable to the Crown Receivers for the Governor's
use. (After 1715 this was a proprietary duty; see below. )

Tobacco exported: 15d sterling per hogshead, Sept., 1733, to Sept.,
1764; to raise a fund to support the bills of credit; payable to the
Trustees in London. (This was a provincial duty. )

From 1716/17 province Naval Officers further collected, at two
percent, and paid to His Lordship's Agent and Receiver, all
proprietary duties. 24 These now included the first three listed
above together with two others, which were for Baltimore's
personal use:

Tonnage duty: 14d sterling; country bottoms excepted (enacted May,
1661), from January, 1716/17, to the end of colonial times.

Tobacco exported: 2s sterling per hogshead (enacted August, 1716),
Jan., 1716/17, to Sept., 29, 1733, when it expired. Taken in lieu of all
quit-rents and alienation fines.

By the mid-eighteenth century Naval Offices differed rather
widely in value. That of Annapolis was worth £ 200 sterling a
year clear of the deputy's share. It was followed in order by those
of North Potomac, Oxford, Patuxent, and Pocomoke. The last
and least valuable, brought in about £ 50 sterling if executed by
deputy and perhaps £ 80 to £ 100 if done in person. 25 A deputy

23 Blathwayte Papers: Maryland (Huntington Library). It was ten percent
from Sept., 1689, to Oct., 1694. This eight percent, expressly granted in most
duty acts, seems to have been taken as a matter of course on all provincial duties
except those levied in the supply acts of 1754 and 1756. On these the commission
was only two and a half percent.

24 This commission appears in Baltimore's instructions to his successive Agents
and in instructions of the Board of Revenue to the Naval Officers. Cf. Archives
XXXVIII, 432; XXXII, 439.

25 An estimate of about 1745 places the average value of Naval Offices at £ 150


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