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Volume 662, Page 26   View pdf image (33K)
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26 HIS LORDSHIP'S PATRONAGE

the more important and the more lucrative. Prior to April 15,
1668, when the Governor and Council set up a table of his fees,
the Chancellor had apparently received, for his trouble in hold-
ing court, a third of the proprietary quit-rents. 32 Thereafter his
income arose almost entirely from the tobacco fees so established.
These were payable for his signing of legal documents and for
his affixing the great seal to land patents, commissions, and so
forth. 33

Those fees originally settled upon him were somewhat reduced
in the general fee act of June, 1676; but two years later, by an
order in Council of October 21, 1678, certain others were added. 34
The Inspection Law of 1747 again reduced his fees, to from three-
fourths to four-fifths of their former amount; and that of 1753,
took off certain fractions for greater ease in accounting.

At the inception of royal government His Lordship's seal,
hitherto kept by the Chancellor, ceased to be the great seal of the
province. It was then retained by the Proprietary Agent, for use
in land affairs. The Chancellor received a new seal, bearing the
royal arms. 35 Under an arrangement negotiated by Solicitor
General Sir Thomas Trevor, and confirmed in a royal order of
February 13, 1695/6, land patents were to bear the proprietary
seal alone, but the fee for sealing them was to be equally divided
between His Lordship's Agent and the Chancellor. 36 When, late
in 1715, Lord Baltimore was restored to his government, his seal

May 29, 1714. During this period his Councillor's allowance and itinerant
charges amounted to £ 52. 13. 6 and 29, 580 pounds of tobacco. After 1747 Coun-
cillors were allowed in the public levy only for attendance in the Upper House of
Assembly and not for meetings of the Council as such. On Lloyd's successors
see note 4 above.

32 Cf. Charles Calvert to Lord Baltimore, April 27, 1664 (Calvert Papers, I, 237).
the proclamation of 1668 is in Archives, V, 28. On April 20, 1669, the dele-
gates complained of the settling of fees in this manner, but they were apparently
satisfied with an explanation offered by the Upper House (Ibid., II, 169, 176).

33 He also prepared, sealed, and sent to each sheriff a copy of the laws made at
each session of Assembly. Previously a duty of the Secretary, this function was
assigned to the Chancellor by an act of May, 1666, confirmed by another of June,
1715, The practice continued throughout the colonial period although printed
session laws had earlier appeared and were later published regularly after every
session. Cf. Ibid., II, 133; XIII, 467; XXV, 294; XXVI, 191-94; XXX, 471.
Ibid., XV, 203.

35 Ibid., VIII, 371, 451. At the moment of the Protestant Revolution, Aug. 1,
1689, the provincial Chancellor and the proprietary Agent and Receiver happened
to be one and the same person, Col. Henry Darnall I. The new royal seal arrived
on Oct. 1, 1692.

"Ibid., XX, 434.


 

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