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Volume 662, Page 24   View pdf image (33K)
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Thus the Governor's allowance for rent became a permanent
charge upon the public levy. Yet it seems never to have been
sufficient for the purpose. In 1698 Nicholson complained that he
had received only £96. 10. 0 since his removal to Annapolis while
the Governor of Virginia got £ 150 a year for rent. 25 In 1704
John Seymour was getting £ 30, and by Sharpe's time this allow-
ance had risen to £ 80 currency, but it was never more. Sharpe was
actually paying £ 100 a year for lodging, and his successor, Robert
Eden, bought a house for something over £ 2000. 26 By this time,
moreover, the Governor was burdened with other and larger

The proprietary's habit of imposing upon his officers a fixed
annual payment, called a " saddle, " began almost with the found-
ing of Maryland and in later times became a troublesome feature
of the patronage. Governor Hart had had to pay the Honorable
Benedict Leonard Calvert, His Lordship's heir, £ 500 a year from
his own arrival, in May, 1714, until Calvert's death a year later. 27
But it was not until December, 1751, that a permanent saddle
was levied upon the chief executive.

On his succession to the title in that year Frederick, Lord
Baltimore, had appointed his " beloved Uncle, " Cecilius Calvert,
to the office of Principal Secretary, residing in England. He then
went about his pleasures, leaving the Secretary to manage his
province. Now this officer had of late received no more than a
salary of £ 100 paid by his deputy in Maryland; but as his respon-
sibilities were now augmented, his remuneration had to be in-
creased. An additional £ 350 was to be made up by saddles upon
the Governor, the Commissary General, and the Judges of the
Land Office. Of these Governor Ogle was asked to pay £ 200
sterling per annum by half-yearly installments. 28

Captain Horatio Sharpe, who came out two years later, became

through the Middle Settlements of North America, in the Years 1759 and 1760
(London, 1798). It later became the central edifice of St. John's College.

25 Francis Nicholson to Board of Trade, Aug. 20, 1698 (Archives, XXIII, 493).

26 Ibid., XXVI, 204; LII, 403, 409; LXII, 231-32. Sharpe in 1756 and Eden
in 1770 complained of this inadequate allowance but without effect. On the other
hand a Governor, should he find the Lower House in a happy mood, might
obtain something additional for repairs. Cf. Ibid., XXVII, 6; XXX, 50.

27 Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, 1714-1), arts. 200, 238.

28 John Sharpe to Edmund Jenings, Dec. 20, 1751; Cecilius Calvert to Horatio
Sharpe, Dec. 12, 1754; Instructions to Horatio Sharpe, March 30, 1753; Horatio
Sharpe to William Sharpe, May 2, 1756 (Calvert Papers, II, 122; Archives XXXI,
474; Portfolio No. 2, folder 4(1), Hall of Records; Archives, VI, 400)


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