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make up the amount from other revenues. 10 It seems actually to
have brought in something over £ 1400 from year to year. 11

A second duty, of three pence sterling per hogshead, was
granted by acts of Assembly to each successive Governor, for his
incumbency, from June, 1692, to the close of Captain John Hart's
administration in 1720. Thereafter, at Baltimore's suggestion, half
of this three pence was applied to the support of free schools.
It was now reenacted at three year intervals until September 29,
1739, when the last such law expired. 12 Later Governors got the
three halfpence, but only now and then, under acts confined to
a year's duration. 13 This duty may have brought in about £ 500
a year until 1720 and thereafter, when granted, half that amount. 14

A third duty, of three pence sterling per ton on all vessels,
country bottoms excepted, was levied by a perpetual act of
October, 1694, and was collected down to the end of colonial
times. 15 In 1767 Governor Sharpe valued its produce at £ 228. 15. 9
sterling. 16

The granting of marriage licenses for a regular fee, originally
twenty shillings but later twelve, was accorded Governor Lionel
Copley by royal instructions of August 26, 1691. The vestry of
each parish appointed some person to issue such licenses and to
account to His Excellency for the profits. 17 In 1767 Sharpe re-
ported his income from this source at the surprisingly high figure
of £ 341. 4. 0. 18

Gratuities were given by act of Assembly and were raised in the
public levy. In the earlier proprietary period Governor Charles
Calvert received such a gift (1674/5) and Governor Thomas
Notley another in 1678. 19 Early in the royal period Nathaniel

10 The text of His Lordship's instructions to the Agent, dated Dec. 16, 1756,
has apparently been lost, but these instructions are noted and confirmed in others
of June 30, 1768 (Ibid., XXXII, 401).

11 For the precise amounts paid the Governor after 1755 see the Agents' accounts
in the Calvert Papers as quoted in Barker, op. cit., 383.

12 Archives, XIII, 441; XXXIV, 7; XXXVI, 550; XL, 271.

13 Namely from Oct., 1742, to Oct. 31, 1743, from July 11, 1747, to Sept. 29,
1749, and from Nov., 1753, to Dec., 1754.

14 Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, 1702-03, loc. cit.; cf. Morriss, op. cit, 48

15 Archives, XIX, 114; XXVI, 360.

16 Horatio Sharpe, "An exact Estimate of the Annual Charge of.. the
Province of Maryland..., " 1767 (Portfolio No. 3, folder 12a. Hall of Records,

17 Archives, VIII, 277; XX, 236; XXIII, 76; XXV, 10.

18 See note 16 above.

19 Archives, II, 432; VII, 47.


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