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Volume 662, Page 124   View pdf image (33K)
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during Jowles's absence from Annapolis, 6 Dec. 1695 to 16 May
1696. Col. Jowles was recommissioned by Gov. Blakiston when
he assumed office, 2 Jan. 1698/9, but he was deprived of the seal
in July, and he died prior to Feb. 1700/1.

[Gov. Blakiston, instructed to keep the Great Seal, took it from
Col. Jowles on 6 July 1699. It was then retained by the chief
executive until 27 Feb. 1719/20].

6. Col. WILLIAM HOLLAND of Anne Arundel County (Prot),
was appointed by Lt. Gov. Hart to keep the Great Seal, 27 Feb.
1719/20, not long before Hart's departure for England. He was
superseded by Tilghman.

7. Col. RICHARD TILGHMAN II of Queen Anne's County
(Prot., wife's mother Cath.), com. by Lt. Gov. Charles Calvert, 6
Nov. 1721 and sworn the same day. Calvert resumed custody of
the seal on 12 July 1725. It was then retained by the chief
executive until the Revolution. Richard Sprigg of Dorchester
County was sworn state Chancellor, 21 April 1777.


With this place were originally united several other offices,
which from time to time were taken from the Secretary and set
up as independent places of profit. Until 1705/6, except for two
brief intervals (1671-73 and 1694-96), the Principal Secretary
resided in Maryland; and Lord Baltimore, when in England, kept
a private clerk. After 1705/6 the Principal Secretary lived in
England, so that from this date on there was a Deputy Secretary
in Maryland. The Constitution of 1776 made no provision for
either office.

1. JOHN LEWGER of St. Mary's City (Cath. convert) arrived in
Maryland 28 Nov. 1637; com. by His Lordship as "Secretary"
and as "Collector and Receiver," 15 April 1637; as " Commis-
sioner in Causes Testamentary," 24 Jan. 1637/8; as Secretary,
Judge in Causes Testamentary, and Collector and Receiver of His
Lordship's Revenue, 5 Sept. 1642; as Secretary, Judge in Causes
Testamentary, Attorney General, and Keeper of the Lesser Seal,
6 Sept. 1644. Until 24 March 1641/2 he acted as Surveyor
General. On 26 Aug. 1644 Lewger was suspended from office by
Lt. Gen.. Brent; but he was restored on the arrival of Leonard
Calvert, with a new commission for him, late in the same year.


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