urrounds the Penitentiary is several feet higher than that which
encloses the jail. The sleeping apartments of the prisoners are
arranged in a manner very similar to the stalls of an arcade.
The prisoners are employed as weavers, comb-makers, shoe-
makers, hatters, stone-cutters, &c. The present keeper is Mr.
Joseph Owens; directors Wm. McDonald, Thomas Kelso, Tho-
mas W. Hall, James W. McCulloh, Dr. H. W. Barclay, Dr.
Thomas E. Bond, John G. Proud, Wm. H. Hanson, Wm. Jen-
kins, Wm. G. Howard, Col. S. D Walker; one vacancy by death.
The directors are appointed annually by the governor and coun-
cil. At this time the Penitentiary contains three hundred and
ninety-five criminals, three hundred and thirty-one males and
Post Office.—At the north east corner of North and Fayette
streets: For rates of postage, arrival and departure of the mail,
&c. See "Mail establishment," in chapter xi.
State Tobacco Warehouses.—There are three in the City; 1st.
No. 1 and 2 at the lower end of Dugan's wharf; and No. 3 at the
intersection of Light and Comvay streets.
Telegraph.—This great public convenience is erected on a
considerable eminence, called Federal Hill, on the south side of
the basin. It corresponds with another station on Bodkin point
and again with the windows of the dome of the Exchange. St/
that news of the arrival of a vessel thirty miles from the city
may be transmitted in a few minutes to the latter establishment.
Watch-houses.—There are three walch-houses in the city:
1st. called the Eastern, at the corner of Market and Alice Anna
streets, Fell's Point; 2d. called the Middle, in North street, corner
of Orange alley; 3d. or Western, in Paca, near Fayette street.
The custom of bringing the prisoners confined in the watch-
houses by night to a public examination the next morning, (a
custom which prevails in other cities, with doubtful advantage,)
is dispensed with in Baltimore. For trifling offences, the pun-
ishment of a night's incarceration is deemed sufficient, without
adding an exposure which cannot fail to make the culprit more
hardened and shameless. They who are detected in offences of
greater magnitude, ofcourse, meet with more suitable punishment.
Water Works.—These are situated at the corner of Calvert
and Centre streets. Their use is to raise the waters of Jones's
Falls, to be distributed through the city. Two spacious basins
or reservoirs have been built near the water works, which are
enclosed in a very handsome manner, so as to be an ornament
as well as a work of utility. The water works are the property
of an incorporated company.
The Public Store.—This superb building rapidly advancing
towards completion, is situated S. E. corner of Gay and Water
Sts., is 98 feet fronting Gay st. by 72 feet Water st. in dimensions,
four stories high, basement granite, and is admirably adapted for
ft convenient and safe depot for custom house stores, being com-
pletely fire proof.