captain, 1660/61. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND
AT FIRST ELECTION: ca. 1,100 acres. SIGNIFICANT
CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND
DEATH: patented over 1,700 acres between 1662
and 1664. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: will probated
March 8, 1670/71, in Calvert County. PERSONAL
PROPERTY: TEV, 54,007 pounds of tobacco (in-
cluding 5 servants); FB, estate overpaid 22,535
pounds of tobacco. LAND: probably ca. 2,900 acres.
MANSELL (MANSFIELD), JOHN (ca. 1616-ca.
1659/60). BORN: ca. 1616, probably in England.
IMMIGRATED: by 1638 as an indentured servant.
RESIDED: in St. Mary's County. MARRIED Ann
Pike, who was transported as a servant by John
Lewger (1602-1665). CHILDREN. SONS: John (ca.
1644-1687); Benjamin. DAUGHTER: Mary. PRI-
VATE CAREER. EDUCATION: illiterate. RELIGIOUS
AFFILIATION: probably Catholic. SOCIAL STATUS
AND ACTIVITIES arrived as a servant to William
Bretton (?-ca. 1672), but was free by 1643; no
record of any officeholding other than one term
as a burgess; son John chose William Evans (?-
1668/69) as his guardian in 1659/60. OCCUPA-
TIONAL PROFILE: servant; planter by 1643. PUBLIC
CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE. Assembly, St.
Mary's County, 1649. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 100 acres. SIGNIFICANT
CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND
DEATH: acquired 500 acres, 1651; sold 600 acres,
1653; became a leaseholder on St. Clement's
Manor, 1659. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED, called
'lately deceased" on February 29, 1659/60.
MANTZ, PETER (ca. 1752-1833). BORN. ca. 1752,
probably in Frederick County; second son. NA-
TIVE, probably, if so probably second generation.
RESIDED: in Frederick Town, Frederick County.
FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Casper MantZ
(1718-1791). MOTHER: Christina. BROTHERS:
Francis (1749-1823); David (1758-1805), who
married in 1782 Elizabeth Magdalina Mullern;
Isaac, who married in 1786 Charlotta Bucher; and
John. SISTERS: Elizabeth, who married Peter Smith;
Catherine; Ester, who married John Gumber; and
Mary, who married in 1790 Allen Quynn, Jr., son
of Allen Quynn (ca. 1726-1803). MARRIED in 1778
Catherine (ca. 1760-1853), daughter of Nicholas
Hauer (1733-by 1800), a German immigrant and
his wife Catherine Zealer. Her brothers were
Henry; David (1768-?); and Adam. Her sisters
were Elizabeth, who married Jacob Steiner; Bar-
bara, who married John C. Fritchie; Margaret,
who married John Stover, of Baltimore; Mary,
who married George Adams and moved to Ken-
tucky; and a younger sister, also named Mary.
CHILDREN. SONS: Peter; Nicholas; Ezra (1779-?),
who married in 1807 Maria Ritchie; David (1785-
?); and Gideon (1788-?), who married Eliza-
beth. DAUGHTERS: Maria, or Mary (1780-?), who
married Nicholas Brengle; Catherine (1789-?),
who married in 1815 John Markell; Margaret,
who married Jesse Wright; Louisa (ca. 1797-1873);
and Elizabeth (ca. 1800-1869). PRIVATE CAREER.
EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION:
Evangelical Reformed Church of Frederick. SO-
CIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Esq., 1789. OC-
CUPATIONAL PROFILE: surveyor, by 1787; land
speculator. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERV-
ICE: Lower House, Frederick County, 1782 (elected
to the 1782-1783 Assembly, but did not attend;
resigned on November 12, 1782), 1786-1787. LO-
CAL OFFICES: militia recruiting officer, Frederick
County, appointed 1777; commissioner of the tax,
Frederick County, appointed 1783, 1785, 1786,
and 1798; surveyor, Frederick County, in office
1787; sheriff, Frederick County, 1788-1791; judge,
Orphans' Court, Frederick County, 1833. MILI-
TARY SERVICE: quartermaster, Frederick County
Militia, appointed February 1776 (declined); cap-
tain, Middle District, Frederick County Militia,
commissioned March 1776; captain, First Mary-
land Battalion of the Flying Camp, July 1776;
major, First Maryland Battalion of the Flying
Camp, September to December 1776. WEALTH
DURING LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed
value at least £45.6.8, including one slave, 1783;
six slaves and one servant, 1790. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: 125 acres in Frederick County, plus
two lots and ground rents on five more lots in
Frederick Town (obtained through patent and
purchase). SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BE-
TWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: owned nearly
1,110 acres in Frederick and Allegany counties,
plus five lots and ground rents on five more lots
in Frederick Town by 1798. WEALTH AT DEATH.
DIED: on January 16, 1833, in Frederick Town.
PERSONAL PROPERTY: although Mantz requested
that no inventory be taken of his estate because
his debts were few, a partial return indicated as-
sets totaling at least $8,153.00 (including 85 shares
in the Farmers and Merchants Bank of Frederick
that were sold for $1,275.00, and $5,994.00 in
advancements made to several of his children).
LAND: more than 630 acres, plus 33 lots in Fred-
erick and Georgetown, Kent County. Most of this