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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 508   View pdf image (33K)
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KEY BIOGRAPHIES

who was the rector of St. Anne's Parish, Anne
Arundel County, from 1725 to 1739. CHILDREN.
SONS. Richard Ward (?-1765), clerk of St. Mary's
County from 1744 to 1765, who married first,
Rebecca Hammond, and second, Hannah,
daughter of George Clarke (ca. 1692-1753) and
wife Susannah Attaway; Edmund Key (?-1766);
Dr. John (?-1755), who married Cecelia (1730-
ca. 1797), who was the daughter of Dr. Gustavus
Brown of Charles County and who married sec-
ond, Thomas Bond (?-ca. 1797); Francis (ca. 1731/
32-1770), clerk of Cecil County from 1756 to
1770 and member of St. Mary Ann Parish Vestry,
Cecil County, 1759-1762, 1767-1770, who mar-
ried in 1752 Ann Arnold (1727-1811), daughter
of John Ross, Esq., of Annapolis; Thomas Key
(?-1772); and Philip Barton (?-1756), who was
sheriff of St. Mary's County, 1754-1755. DAUGH-
TER: Susannah Gardiner (1742-1811), who mar-
ried in 1761 Normand Bruce (?-1811). WARDS:
Philip Key (1750-1820); Susannah Gardiner Key,
who married Richard Bond. They were the chil-
dren of Dr. John Key (?-1755). PRIVATE CAREER.
EDUCATION: attended either the Middle or Inner
Temple. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION. Anglican,
Chaptico Church, King and Queen Parish, St.
Mary's County. His wife Susannah was a Cath-
olic. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent., by

1738; Esq., by 1750. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE.
merchant; planter; lawyer, admitted to the fol-
lowing courts: Charles County in June 1720, Pro-
vincial Court in April 1721, St. Mary's County
by April 1721, Prince George's County in June
1721, Chancery Court by July 1730. PUBLIC CA-
REER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House, St.

Mary's County, 1728-1731 (Laws 1-5), 1734/35-
1737 (Laws 1, Cv, 2-4; Aggrievances 3; Bills of
Credit Cv, 2-4), 1745/46-1748 (Laws Cv 1, 1-
3, 4), 1749-1751 (election of entire county del-
egation voided on June 10, 1749, because of il-
legal conduct of sheriff; reelected to the 2nd ses-
sion; Laws Cv-3), 1751-1754 (Laws 1-6); Upper
House, 1763 (appointed before the 2nd session
of the 1762-1763 Assembly). OTHER PROVINCIAL
OFFICE: Council, 1763-1764 (appointed by May
9, 1763, sitting by October 8, 1763). LOCAL OF-
FICES: clerk of indictments, Charles County, sworn
1725; clerk, St. Mary's County, 1740-1744; sher-
iff. St. Mary's County, 1744-1745; justice, St.
Mary's County, by 1753-at least 1761 (quorum);
justice. Court of Oyer, Terminer. and Gaol De-
livery, St. Mary's County, appointed 1754, 1755,
and 1759. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: at least 800 acres in St. Mary's County

(by purchase). SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BE-
TWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: acquired (by
patent and purchase) as much as 11,000 acres in
St. Mary's, Frederick, Charles, Anne Arundel,
and Calvert counties, plus one lot in Annapolis,
one lot in Leonardtown, and a mill and mill lands
in St. Mary's County, 1728-1764; sold at least
800 acres in St. Mary's and Anne Arundel coun-
ties, plus 1 lot in Annapolis, 1747-1762. WEALTH
AT DEATH. DIED, on August 20, 1764, in St. Mary's

County. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, £1,405.5.3

current money, £2,112.17.0 sterling, 60,858 pounds
of tobacco, and £3,617.19.4 gold currency (in-
cluding 60 slaves, fabric, books, family portraits
by Hesselius, a harpsichord, and a chariot with
harness for 4 horses); FB, £1,389.0.1 current
money, £1,529.2.5 sterling, 58,218 pounds of to-
bacco, and £3,617.19.4 gold currency (all curren-
cies included in the final balance were converted
to gold currency and totaled £7,253.2.9). LAND.
ca. 11,000 acres in St. Mary's, Frederick, Charles,
and Calvert counties, plus one lot in Leonard-
town and a mill and mill lands in St. Mary's County.

KEY, PHILIP (1750-1820). BORN: in 1750; prob-
ably in St. Mary's County. NATIVE, third gener-
ation. RESIDED: at "Gravelly Hills," Chaptico
Hundred, St. Mary's County. FAMILY BACK-
GROUND. FATHER: Dr. John Key (?-1755), son of
Philip Key (1696/97-1764). STEPFATHER. Thomas
Bond (?-ca. 1797). GUARDIAN: his grandfather
Philip Key (1696/97-1764). When Key's grand-
father died, his uncles Richard Ward Key (?-
1765), Edmund Key (?-1766), and Thomas Key
(?-1772) became his guardians. MOTHER: Cecelia
(1730/31-ca. 1797), daughter of Dr. Gustavus
Brown (1689-1762) of Charles County. AUNTS:
Susannah Gardiner Key (1742-1811), who mar-
ried in 1761 Normand Bruce (?-1811); Ann Brown
Clagett Horner (1732-ca. 1800), who married
third, ca. 1774, Samuel Hanson (1716-1794). HALF
BROTHERS: Peregrine Bond; Thomas Bond; and
John Bond. SISTER: Susannah Gardiner (1751-
?), who married Richard Bond, brother of Thomas
Bond (?-ca. 1797). HALF SISTERS: Cecelia Bond;
Elizabeth Bond. FIRST COUSINS: John Ross Key
(1754-1821); Gustavus Scott (1753-1800). MAR-
RIED first, on March 4, 1778, Rebecca Jowles,
daughter of Henry Greenfield Sothoron (ca. 1732-
1793). Her brothers were John; Zachariah; Henry;
James; Thomas; and George Washington. Her
sisters were Mary; Eleanor; and Ann. MARRIED
second, Sophia (1765-1833), daughter of Aquila
Hall (1727-1779) and wife Sophia White (?-1780).

508



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 508   View pdf image (33K)
 Jump to  
  << PREVIOUS  NEXT >>


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