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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 441   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES HIL

PROFILE: planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE
SERVICE: Lower House, St, Mary's County, 1678-
1682 (elected to the 2nd session), 1682-1684 (Ac-
counts 1-3; Laws 3), 1686 (appointed to Council
before the 1st session met); Upper House, 1686-
1688 (Accounts 2). OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES:
Board of Deputy Governors, 1685-1689; Council,
1685-1689; justice, Provincial Court, 1685-1689;
joint commissary general, 1685-1689; deputy sur-
veyor general, 1685. LOCAL OFFICES: sheriff, St.
Mary's County, 1674-1677; justice, St. Mary's
County, 1677-1685. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE
ISSUES: displaced by the revolution of 1689 be-
cause as a Catholic he was ineligible to hold public
office under the royal government. WEALTH DUR-

ING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 1,400

acres. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: will probated in
April 1708; named nephew Clement Hill as his
heir. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, £568.6.6 sterling
(including 7 slaves and 2 servants); FB, £524.8.11.
LAND: 2,400 acres.

HILL, EDWARD (?-1663). IMMIGRATED: in 1646
as a free adult from Virginia. RESIDED: briefly in
St. Mary's County. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: in
Virginia by 1622; no evidence that he ever estab-
lished a permanent residence in Maryland, but he
was present to preside over a session of the As-
sembly in 1646. FAMILY BACKGROUND. BROTHER:
John Hill, a mercer of Lombard Street, London,
England. MARRIED (first name unknown), daugh-
ter of Richard Boyle, of London, England. CHIL-
DREN. SON: Edward Hill, who served as a burgess
and councilor in Virginia. PUBLIC CAREER. PRO-
VINCIAL OFFICE: governor, 1646 (appointed by
Leonard Calvert on July 30, 1646, but his commis-
sion was illegal since Hill was not a councilor).
OUT OF COLONY SERVICE: speaker, House of Bur-
gesses, Virginia, 1644, 1645, 1654, 1659; Council,
Virginia, 1655, 1660-1663; colonel, by 1654.

STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: much COn-

troversy arose over the legality of the Assembly
that met during his interim governorship; he was
suspended from all of his offices by the Virginia
Assembly in 1656 for "crimes and misdemeanors,"
resulting from the overwhelming defeat of his ex-
pedition against the Indians earlier that year.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST

ELECTION: patented at least 6,926 acres in Vir-
ginia. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: in 1663; size of
estate unknown.

HILL, JOSEPH (ca. 1670-1724). BORN: ca. 1670
in Anne Arundel County; probably first son. NA-
TIVE: second generation. RESIDED: in Anne Arun-

del County. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Rich-
ard Hill (ca. 1640-1700). MOTHER: Milcah, widow
of Robert Clarkson (?-1666). BROTHERS: Richard
(1673-1729); Henry. HALF BROTHER: Robert
Clarkson. HALF SISTERS. Mary Clarkson, who
married first, Thomas Francis, and second, Sam-
uel Young (1662-1736); Elizabeth Clarkson. MAR-
RIED never. CHILDREN. Died without progeny.

PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS

AFFILIATION: Protestant, probably a nominal An-
glican, but his brothers were devout Quakers and
he never served on the bench or in the militia. SO-
CIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: second generation
burgess. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: planter; mer-
chant. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE:
Lower House, Anne Arundel County, 1704-1707
(Accounts 1-5, probably chairman 5; Elections
and Privileges, chairman 4, 5; temporarily dis-
missed from the 5th session for alleged involve-
ment with a traitor, Richard Clarke, but was ex-
onerated and reseated), 1708 A (Accounts,
chairman), 1708B-1711 (Accounts 1-4), 1712-
1714 (Accounts 1-4, probably chairman 3, 4),
1715 (Accounts, probably chairman), 1716-1718
(Accounts 1-3), 1719-1721/22 (Accounts 1-5,
probably chairman), 1722-1723 (Accounts 1, 2;
died before the 3rd session). LOCAL OFFICE: St.
Anne's Parish Vestry, Anne Arundel County,

1713-1715. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES:

he was often in strong opposition to the executive
during his eight terms in the Assembly; called a
leader of the "native" party. WEALTH DURING

LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least 759

acres inherited from his father in 1700; acquired
1,400 acres from his brother, Richard, in 1712.

WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED. On May 24, 1724. PER-

SONAL PROPERTY: TEV, £2,653.19.9 (including 22
slaves); FB, £2,161.15.3. LAND: 2,000 acres.

HILL, RICHARD (ca. 1640-1700). BORN: ca.
1640, probably in England. IMMIGRATED: by
1659, possibly as an indentured servant. RESIDED:
in Anne Arundel County. FAMILY BACKGROUND.
SISTER: Abigail Parr, of Worcestershire, England.
MARRIED in 1666 Milcah, widow of Robert Clark-
son (?-1666). CHILDREN. SONS: Joseph Hill (ca.
1670-1724); Richard (1673-1729), mayor of Phila-
delphia, speaker of the Assembly and president of
the Council of Pennsylvania, who married in 1700
Hannah, widow of John Delaval and daughter of
Thomas Lloyd (both men were councilors in
Pennsylvania); Henry, who married Mary (1676-
1735), daughter of Levin Den wood (ca. 1648-
1726). STEPSON: Robert Clarkson. STEPDAUGH-
TERS: Mary Clarkson, who married first, Thomas

441



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 441   View pdf image (33K)
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