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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 368   View pdf image (33K)
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GOV BIOGRAPHIES

1733; resided in Anne Arundel County. By 1746
he was in debt to several creditors, including On-
orio Razolini and Philpott & Lee, to whom he was
bound for over £92 sterling, plus interest. He was
forced to sell his personal property (including
household items, livestock, and crops) to pay his
accounts; he apparently held no land in his own
name. MOTHER: Sophia (1707-?), daughter of
Caleb Dorsey (1685-1742) and wife Eleanor War-
field (?-1752); Sophia inherited the plantation on
which she and her husband lived from her brother,
Edward Dorsey (17 18-1760). UNCLE: Edward Dor-
sey (1718-1760). AUNT: Mary Dorsey (1725-ca.
1787), who married John Ridgely (?-1771). FIRST
COUSINS: Charles Ridgely, of John (?-ca. 1787);
Thomas Dorsey (?-1790); Achsah Dorsey (1746-
1799), who married Ephraim Howard (1745-
1788); Rebecca Dorsey (1739-1812), who married
Charles Ridgely (1733-1790); Eleanor Dorsey (ca.
1739-1825), who married John Hall (1729- 1797);
Eleanor Dorsey, who married Upton Sheredine
(1740-1800); Mary Dorsey (?-1816), who married
John Weems (1727-1794); Deborah Ridgely
(1749-1817), who married John Sterett (1750/51-
1787); and Mary Ridgely (?-1804), who married
Benjamin Nicholson (?-1792). MARRIED on May
2, 1771, Prudence (1755-1822), daughter of John
Carnan and wife Achsah Ridgely Holliday; step-
daughter of Daniel Chamier; granddaughter of
Charles Ridgely (?-1772); niece of Charles Ridgely
(1733-1790), John Ridgely (?-1771), and Rachel
Ridgely, who married Darby Lux (?-1795). Her
brother was Charles Ridgely of Hampton (1760-
1829), governor of Maryland from 1816 to 1819.
Her half brother was John Robert Holliday. Her
sister was Elizabeth, who married Thomas Bond
Onion. Her first cousins were Deborah Ridgely
(1749-1817), who married John Sterett (1750/51I-
1787); Mary Ridgely (?-1804), who married Ben-
jamin Nicholson (?-1792); Charles Ridgely, of
John (?-ca. 1787); and Rachel Goodwin, who
married Jesse Hollingsworth (1732/33-1810).
CHILDREN. DAUGHTER: Sophia (1772-1816), who
married in 1787 James (Maccubbin) Carroll
(1761-1832). PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: liter-
ate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican, until he
converted to Methodism in 1775. In his journal
Francis Asbury mentioned that he was "treated
with great kindness" at Gough's home where he
often visited, and commended the religious fervor
of the Gough family. Gough and his wife were
members of the first Methodist class in Baltimore
and Gough occasionally preached. SOCIAL STATUS
AND ACTIVITIES Esq.; president of the Maryland
Society for Promoting Agriculture, 1786. OCCUPA-

TIONAL PROFILE: land developer and speculator,
primarily in Baltimore City; merchant. PUBLIC

CAREER LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House,

Baltimore County, 1787-1788, 1790, 1791-1792,
1792. LOCAL OFFICES, justice, Baltimore County,
commissioned 1768 and 1769; St. Paul's Parish
Vestry, Baltimore County, in office 1772-1774;
Committee of Observation, Middle River Lower
Hundred, Baltimore County, elected 1774.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROP-

ERTY: assessed value £871.5.0, not including his
Baltimore Town property, 1783. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: ca. 4,300 acres in Baltimore and Har-
ford counties, plus 5 lots in Baltimore Town (all
through personal acquisition). With his wife and
her family, Gough was a leaser of some 40 lots in
Baltimore Town, part of his father-in-law's estate.

SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST

ELECTION AND DEATH: In addition to his dealings
as part of the Carnan-Onion family, Gough was
involved in more than 150 land transactions in
Baltimore City and Baltimore County between
1768 and 1807, two-thirds of which occurred after
1787. He held mortgages and assignments of
leases, but his major activity was the development
of land in Baltimore City, principally on Charles,
St. Paul, Light, and Baltimore streets. He usually
sold lots, or parts of lots, outright, but in some
cases he leased lots, retaining the title and ground
rents. An example of his business transactions was
the development of a 475-acre tract adjoining
Baltimore Town, named "Huntington," patented
by John and Achsah Carnan in 1761. In the early
1780s the land was divided into lots and leased
out by Gough and his wife and her sister and
brother-in-law, Elizabeth and Thomas Bond On-
ion. Gough purchased the property in 1790 and
sold it off in small parcels over the next 1 5 years.
His Harford County land was sold before his
death, but he continued to deal in Baltimore
County land throughout the period. WEALTH AT
DEATH. DIED: on May 5, 1808, in Baltimore
County. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, $107,289.75;
FB, $39,180.62. LAND. ca. 2,500 acres in
Baltimore County and lots in Baltimore City, pri-
marily on Light Street.

GOVANE, WILLIAM (1716/17-1768). BORN: on
February 4, 1716/17, in Anne Arundel County;
only child. NATIVE: probably second generation.
RESIDED: in Anne Arundel County; Baltimore
County, 1750. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER:
James Govane (?-1739), who married first, Mary,
widow of Thomas Homewood (?-1709). MOTHER.
Elizabeth, widow of William Hammond (?-

368



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 368   View pdf image (33K)
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