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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 299   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES EDE

Elizabeth Mason; stepdaughter of both John
Theobolds and Robert Whythill; granddaughter of
both Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer (?-1730) and
wife Elizabeth Ashcom (?-ca. 1734), and Robert
Mason (?-ca. 1697) and wife Susanna (?-ca. 1716).
Her brothers were Daniel Jenifer (?-1795); Daniel
of St. Thomas Jenifer (1723-1790). Her sisters
were Elizabeth, who married Col. Daniel Stone;
Ann, who married Josias Adams; and Mary, who
married Robert Christie, of London, England. Her
nephews were John Hoskins Stone (by 1750-1804);
Michael Jenifer Stone (1747-1812). CHILDREN.
SONS: James (ca. 1749-1777), who died without
progeny; John, Jr. (?-1785); Townshend (ca.
1756-1787); and Thomas (by 1759-1780). DAUGH-
TER: Ann Nappier, who married (first name un-
known) Llewellyn. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION:
literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican, King
and Queen Parish, St. Mary's County. SOCIAL

STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Mr., 1759; Esq., at

death. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: probably a mer-
chant; planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SER-
VICE: Lower House, St. Mary's County, 1768-
1770 (Claims 1, 3). LOCAL OFFICES: sheriff, St.
Mary's County, 1758-1761; justice, St. Mary's
County, 1764-at least 1773; justice, Court of Oyer
and Terminer and Gaol Delivery, St. Mary's
County, commissioned 1768 and 1771; trustee, St.
Mary's County Free School, in office 1772.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST

ELECTION: 2,126 acres in St. Mary's and Frederick
counties (1,876 acres by purchase; a moiety of 500
acres patented in Frederick County with his broth-
er-in-law James Mills). SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN

LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH:
inherited 81 acres in St. Mary's County from his
father-in-law in 1764, but he did not receive the
land until ca. 1773; he purchased 347 additional
acres in St. Mary's County, 1773. WEALTH AT
DEATH. DIED, on July 1, 1775, in St. Mary's
County. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, £1,932.14.2
(including 23 slaves, more than 31 books, and
many luxury items); FB, £1,030.9.9. LAND: 2,452
acres in St. Mary's and Frederick counties, plus 2
lots in Carrollsburgh, Prince George's County.

EDEN, ROBERT (1741-1784). BORN: on Septem-
ber 14, 1741, in England; second son. IMMI-
GRATED, on June 5, 1769, as governor. RESIDED:
in Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, from 1769
until May 28, 1774; England; Annapolis, from
November 8, 1774 to June 24, 1776; England; An-
napolis, from the summer of 1783 to death. FAM-
ILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Sir Robert Eden (ca.
1712-1755), 3rd baronet of West Auckland.

MOTHER: Mary (?-1794), daughter of William Da-
vison, Esq., of Beamish, Durham County, En-
gland. BROTHERS: John (1740-1812), 4th baronet
of West Auckland, M.P., Durham County, En-
gland, from 1774 to 1790, who married first, Cath-
erine Thompson (?-1766), and second, Dorothea
Johnson (?-1792); William (1744-1814), 1st baron
of Auckland, 1789, Lord Auckland of West Auck-
land, 1793, barrister-at-law, M.P. for Woodstock
from 1774 to 1784, M.P. for Duncannon, Ireland,
from 1781 to 1783, M.P. for Heytesbury from
1784 to 1793, peace commissioner to America,
1778, who married Eleanor Elliot (?-1818);
Thomas (?-1805), a ship's captain in the tobacco
trade between Maryland and England and a
founder of the mercantile firm of T. Eden & Com-
pany, who married Mariana Jones; Morton (1752-
1830), 1st baron Henley of Chardstock, Dorset,
England, who married Elizabeth Henley (?-1821),
daughter of the 1st earl of Northington. SISTERS:
three, including Catherine, who married in 1770
John Moore (1730-1805), archbishop of Canter-
bury. MARRIED on April 26, 1765, Caroline,
daughter of Charles Calvert, 5th Lord Baltimore
(1699-1751); niece of Barbara Janssen, who mar-
ried Thomas Bladen (1698-1780). Her brother was
Frederick Calvert, 6th Lord Baltimore (1731/32-
1771). Her half brother was Benedict Calvert (ca.
1724-1788). Her sister was Louisa. Her nephew
was Henry Harford (ca. 1759-1834). CHILDREN.
SONS: Frederick Morton (1766-1808), 2nd baronet
of Maryland, an author and economist, who mar-
ried in 1792 Ann, daughter of James Paul Smith,
of London, England; William Thomas (1768-
1851), a major general. DAUGHTER: Catherine
(1770-1835). PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: re-
ceived a classical education; a contemporary of
Eden's said of him "Few equalled him in letter
writing." RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican. SO-
CIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Esq., 1771; created
1st baronet of Maryland in October 1776; leader
of Annapolis society during his term as governor;
supported the theatre in Annapolis; an honorary
member of the Homony Club; owned a stable of
racehorses. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: the will of
his brother-in-law Frederick Calvert, 6th Lord
Baltimore (1731/32-1771) named Eden as one of
four executors to administer the province of Mary-
land until Henry Harford (ca. 1759-1834) came of
age. Although the proprietorship was effectively
ended by the American victory in the War for In-
dependence, Eden returned to Maryland with
Harford in 1783 to help him seek compensation
for property that had been confiscated by the
state. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: officeholder. PUB-

299



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 299   View pdf image (33K)
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