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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 286   View pdf image (33K)
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(died before the 4th session). OTHER PROVINCIAL
OFFICES: collector of North Potomac, May 1718-
January 1718/19; commissary general, 1721 (com-
missioned jointly with William Holland and
Thomas Addison), 1722-1724 (commissioned
jointly with William Holland, Thomas Addison,
and Thomas Brooke), 1734-1753; attorney gen-
eral, 1721-1725, 1734-1744; judge, Court of Vice-
Admiralty, appointed 1733; agent and receiver
general, 1733-1734; Council, 1742-1753 (qualified
on September 25, 1742). LOCAL OFFICES: clerk of
Indictments, Charles County, appointed 1710;
common councilman, Annapolis, elected 1721; St.
Anne's Parish Vestry, Anne Arundel County,
1721-1724, 1735 (elected, but did not serve).
years of his public career he was the leader of the
country party, espousing the people's cause in the
controversy over English statutes affecting the
American colonies. In 1728 he published The
Right of the Inhabitants of Maryland to the Benefit
of the English Laws. In 1732 he concluded that the
people were entitled to all the benefits of English
statutes. Eventually, however, he left the country
party to take a place in the proprietary establish-

COME, in the 1750s the annual net profit from his
investment in the Baltimore Ironworks Company
was £400 sterling. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: ca.
15,340 areas in surveyed tracts and 19,000 acres in
warrants in Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Kent,
Prince George's, and possibly Calvert counties (all
by personal acquisition). By 1720 he converted
6,000 acres of his Baltimore County and Eastern
Shore properties into leaseholds, forming a part-
nership with John Bradford (?-1725/26) for locat-
ing and surveying unclaimed lands. SIGNIFICANT


AND DEATH: acquired ca. 37,120 acres in Freder-
ick County between 1724 and 1746. He divided
5,000 acres of this land into tracts ranging from
100 to 300 acres, which he then sold for less than
they had cost him in order to encourage settle-
ment. After 1739 he actively engaged in selling
tracts in the Monocacy and Antietam valleys in
Frederick County to German, Scottish, and Welsh
immigrants. He sold 1,800 acres, of which more
than 600 acres were near his old residence in
Prince George's County, in the mid- 1720s; he
seemed disposed at this time to sell his property in
the more settled parts of Prince George's County
as be increased his acquisitions to the west and
north. In 1745 he surveyed 340 lots, which he
named Frederick Town. He leased some lots of
land for 1 shilling a year for the first 21 years, and

2 shillings annually thereafter, payable to himself
and his heirs in perpetuity. Other lots in the town
were sold in fee simple for £4 to £5 for each half
acre. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: on December 5,
1753; buried next to his second wife Rebecca at St.
Anne's Church Cemetery in Annapolis. PERSONAL
PROPERTY. TEV, at least £10,921.9.8 current
money (including 187 slaves, 98 books, 2,594 oz.
plate, and more than 563 gallons of wine). This
does not include one of his largest assets, money
out on loan. LAND: ca. 10,000 acres in Kent,
Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Frederick, and Queen
Anne's counties were divided among his heirs. He
also controlled 1,585 acres in Anne Arundel
County, which went to his stepchildren, the heirs
of Samuel Chew.

1797). BORN: on June 28, 1722, in St. Anne's Par-
ish, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County; eldest son.
NATIVE, second generation. RESIDED: in Annapo-
lis, 1722-1776; "Hunting Ridge," Baltimore
County, 1776-1781; Baltimore Town, 1781-1797.
(1685-1753). MOTHER: Rebecca (ca. 1695-1737),
daughter of Walter Smith (?-1711) and wife Ra-
chel Hall. STEPMOTHER: Henrietta Maria (?-1766),
widow of Samuel Chew (1704-1736/37); daughter
of Philemon Lloyd (ca. 1674-1732/33). AUNTS:
Lucy Smith (1688-1770), who married Thomas
Brooke (1683-1744); Eleanor Smith (1690-1761),
who married Thomas Addison (1679-1727); and
Anne Smith (1694-1759), who married second,
Thomas Trueman Greenfield( 1682- 1733). BROTH-
ERS: Walter Dulany (?-1773); Dennis (1730-1779).
HALF BROTHERS: Lloyd (1742-1782); Richard
(1745-died in infancy). STEPBROTHERS: Samuel
Chew (by 1734-1786); Philemon Lloyd Chew (?-
1770); and Bennett Chew (?-1793). SISTERS:
Rebecca; Rachel; Margaret, who married first, Dr.
Alexander Hamilton (1712-1756), and second,
William Murdoch (?-1769); and Mary. STEPSIS-
TERS: Henrietta Maria Chew (1731-1762), who
married Edward Dorsey (1718-1760); Margaret
Chew (?-1773), who married John Beale Bordley
(1726/27-1804); and Ann Mary Chew (1736-
1774), who married William Paca (1740-1799).
FIRST COUSINS: Richard Brooke (1716-1783); El-
eanor Brooke, who married Samuel Beall (ca.
1713-ca. 1778); John Addison (1713-1764);
Rebecca Addison (1703-?), who married first,
James Bowles (?-ca. 1727/28), and second, George
Plater (1695-1755); Eleanor Addison (1705-?),
who married fourth, Corbin Lee (?-1774); Ann
Addison (1711/12-1753), who married William



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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 286   View pdf image (33K)
 Jump to  

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