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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 225   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES CLA

1699. PERSONAL PROPERTY. TEV, £285.13.2 ster-
ling (including 5 slaves, 4 servants, and books).
LAND: 2 plantations of unspecified acreage.

CLARKE (CLERK, CLARK), ROBERT (ca.
1611-1664). BORN: ca. 1611, probably in England.
IMMIGRATED: in 1637 as an indentured servant of
Father Thomas Copley, a Jesuit priest. RESIDED:
in St. Mary's County. MARRIED first, (name un-
known). MARRIED second, by November 1654
Winifred, widow of both Thomas Greene (?-ca.
1651/52) and Nicholas Harvey. MARRIED third, in
1656 Jane (1612-?), widow of both John Cock-
shutt and Nicholas Causine. CHILDREN. SONS:
John (?-1686), who married Ann; Robert (1652-
1698); and Thomas (1654-?). STEPSONS: Ignatius
Causine (ca. 1642-1695); Leonard Greene (?-
1688); Thomas Greene; Robert Greene, who mar-
ried Mary, daughter of William Boreman (ca.
1630-1709); and Francis Greene. DAUGHTER:
Mary. STEPDAUGHTERS. Jane, who married
Thomas Mathews (ca. 1622-1675/76); Mary, who
married Henry Adams (?-1686). PRIVATE CAREER.
EDUCATION: literate; had clerical skills. RELIGIOUS

AFFILIATION: Catholic. SOCIAL STATUS AND AC-
TIVITIES: Gent., by 1638; his Council appointment
probably followed his marriage to the widow of
Thomas Greene, a councilor and often acting gov-
ernor; his loyal service to the proprietary family
brought repeated patronage and upward mobility;
he was frequently reported to be in financial diffi-
culties. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: servant, free by
1638; placeman; planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGIS-
LATIVE SERVICE. Assembly, present 1637/38,
present 1638/39, present 1641/42, special writ
1642A, present 1642B, present 1647/48, St.
Mary's County, 1649; Upper House, special writ
1650 (Laws, dismissed during the 1st session); Up-
per House, 1658, 1659/60, 1661, 1662, 1663 (died
before the 2nd session). OTHER PROVINCIAL OF-
FICES: deputy surveyor general, 1639/40-1648;
surveyor general, 1648-1661; temporary clerk,
Provincial Court, 1648; clerk, Council, 1647-
1653/54; Council, 1653/54-1654, 1658-1664; jus-
tice, Provincial Court, 1653/54-1654, 1658-1664.
STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: spokesman
for the Jesuits, 1637/38; consistent supporter of
proprietary interests. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: acquired 1,000 acres in

1652. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: in July 1664.

PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, 10,462 pounds of to-
bacco (£70.12.4). LAND: probably 1,1 50 acres.

CLARKSON, ROBERT (?-1666). BORN proba-
bly in England. IMMIGRATED: by 1657, probably

as a free adult. RESIDED: in Middle Neck Hun-
dred, Anne Arundel County. MARRIED Milcah,
who subsequently married in 1666 Richard Hill
(ca. 1640-1700). CHILDREN. SON: Robert (?-ca.
1686). DAUGHTERS: Elizabeth; Mary, who married
first, Thomas Francis, and second, Samuel Young
(1662-1736). PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: liter-
ate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Protestant; Quaker
by 1657. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE planter. PUBLIC
CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House,

Anne Arundel County, 1659/60. STANDS ON PUB-
LIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: he was fined for refusing to
bear arms, 1662. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION, probably 200-500
acres. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: will probated on
May 22, 1666. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, 78,100
pounds of tobacco. LAND: 1,000 acres.

CLAYTON, SOLOMON (1685-1739) BORN in
1685, probably in Maryland; second son. NATIVE:
probably, if so, second generation. RESIDED: in
Talbot County; Queen Anne's County, after 1707.
FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER William Clayton
(ca. 1655-1721), who was illiterate and served on
the St. Paul's Parish Vestry, Queen Anne's County
from 1707 to 1721. STEPMOTHER: Joan (?-1730).
BROTHER: William Clayton (ca. 1682-1728/29).
SISTERS: Rachel (?-1749), who married William
Finney (?-ca. 1723), son of William Finney (ca.
1637-1696); Alice, who married Edward Wright
(?-1740/41); and Margaret, who married Thomas
Kemp. MARRIED first, by 1714/15 Rachel (?-
1729), daughter of Edward Smith (?-1700) and
wife Ann Sheppard Marshall. MARRIED second, in
November 1729 Mary, widow of John Chaires (?-
1728/29). CHILDREN. SONS: William; Edward; Sol-
omon; and Charles. STEPSONS: John Chaires;
Thomas Chaires; and James Chaires. DAUGHTERS:
Rachel, who married William Coursey (1703-
1769), son of Henry Coursey (1662-1707); Mary,
who married William Clayton, son of William
Clayton (ca. 1682-1728/29). PRIVATE CAREER.
EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: An-
glican. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Mr.,

1723; Gent., 1726; Esq., 1729. OCCUPATIONAL
PROFILE: planter; merchant. PUBLIC CAREER. LEG-
ISLATIVE SERVICE Lower House, Queen Anne's
County, 1715, 1732-1734, 1738, 1739 (died before
the 1st session). LOCAL OFFICES: St. Paul's Parish
Vestry, Queen Anne's County, 1707, 1723-1727,
1728; justice, Queen Anne's County, 1722-1735
(quorum, 1729/30-1735). WEALTH DURING LIFE-
TIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: owned one-half of the
30-ton brigantine, Charming Molly in 1732 and at
death; one-half of a 13-ton sloop in 1738 and at

225



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 225   View pdf image (33K)
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