110 CONSTITUTION OF MARYLAND [Art 4]
vested in the circuit court for Baltimore city—see notes to sec. 36. Orrick v. Boehm,
49 Md. 98.
Cited in dissenting opinion in In re Rickell's Estate, 158 Md. 665.
See notes to sec. 27.
Sec. 30. The Criminal Court of Baltimore shall have and exercise all
the jurisdiction now held and exercised by the Criminal Court of Balti-
more, except in such Appeal Cases as are herein assigned to the Baltimore
For a case dealing with art. 4, sec. 13, of the Constitution of 1851, but no longer
applicable by reason of changes in this section, see State v Shillinger, 6 Md 451.
Sec. 31. There shall be elected by the legal and qualified voters of said
city, at the election, hereinbefore provided for, one Chief Judge and four
Associate Judges, who, together, shall constitute the Supreme Bench of
Baltimore City, and shall hold their offices for the term of fifteen years,
subject to the provisions of this Constitution with regard to the election and
qualifications of Judges and their removal from office, and shall exercise
the jurisdiction, hereinafter specified, and shall each receive an annual
salary of three thousand five hundred dollars, 1 payable quarterly, which
shall not be diminished during their term of office, but authority is hereby
given to the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore to pay to each of the
said Judges an annual addition of five hundred dollars to their respective
salaries; provided, that the same being once granted shall not be diminished
nor increased during the continuance of said Judges in office.
Secs. 6, 24 and 31 referred to in holding that judges' salaries are not subject to State
income tax (1937, Sp. Sess., ch. 11). Gordy v. Dennis, 176 Md. 106.
Sec. 31A. In addition to the authority granted to the Mayor and City
Council of Baltimore by the preceding section to pay to each of the judges
of the Supreme Bench the annual sum of Five Hundred Dollars, authority
is hereby given to said Mayor and City Council to pay to each of said
judges such further annual sum as an addition to their respective salaries
as the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore shall from time to time deem
right and proper, provided, that any such sum being once granted shall not
be diminished during the continuance of said Judges in office. 2
Sec. 32. It shall be the duty of the said Supreme Bench of Baltimore
City, as soon as the Judges thereof shall be elected and duly qualified, and
from time to time, to provide for the holding of each of the aforesaid
Courts, by the assignment of one or more of their number to each of the said
Courts, who may sit either separately or together in the trial of cases; and
the said Supreme Bench of Baltimore City may, from time to time, change
the said assignment, as circumstances may require, and the public interest
may demand; and the Judge or Judges, so assigned to the said several
Courts, shall, when holding the same, have all the powers and exercise all
the jurisdiction which may belong to the Court so being held; and it shall
also be the duty of the said Supreme Bench of Baltimore City, in case of
the sickness, absence or disability of any Judge or Judges assigned as afore-
said, to provide for the hearing of the cases, or transaction of the business
assigned to said Judge or Judges, as aforesaid, before some one or more of
the Judges of said Court.
The supreme bench of Baltimore city has power under this section to assign two
judges to the criminal court, each to sit with a separate jury. This section construed
in connection with art. 4, sec. 21, and art. 5, secs. 7 and 11. Jackson v. State, 87 Md. 195.
See notes to sec. 8.
1 Increased by act of 1927, ch. 235, to $6, 875, making total compensation $10, 000.
2 Thus amended by Act of 1924, ch. 116 and ratified Nov. 1926.