throughout the State of a thorough and efficient system of public
schools in conformity with Article 8 of the Constitution and
with the laws of the State; (g) for such other purposes as are set
forth in the Constitution or laws of the State.
(5) The Governor shall deliver to the presiding officer of
each House the Budget and a bill for all the proposed appropria-
tions of the Budget classified and in such form and detail as he
shall determine or as may be prescribed by law; and the presid-
ing officer of each House shall promptly cause said bill to be in-
troduced therein, and such bill shall be known as the "Budget
Bill." The Governor may, with the consent of the General As-
sembly, before final action thereon by the General Assembly,
amend or supplement said Budget to correct an oversight, pro-
vide funds contingent on passage of pending legislation or, in
case of an emergency, by delivering such an amendment or sup-
plement to the presiding officers of both Houses; and such
amendment or supplement shall thereby become a part of said
Budget Bill as an addition to the items of said bill or as a modifi-
cation of or a substitute for any item of said bill such amend-
ment or supplement may affect.
(5a) The Budget and the Budget Bill as submitted by the
Governor to the General Assembly shall have a figure for the to-
tal of all proposed appropriations and a figure for the total of all
estimated revenues available to pay the appropriations, and the
figure for total proposed appropriations shall not exceed the fig-
ure for total estimated revenues. Neither the Governor in sub-
mitting an amendment or supplement to the Budget Bill nor the
General Assembly in amending the Budget Bill shall thereby
cause the figure for total proposed appropriations to exceed the
figure for total estimated revenues, including any revisions, and
in the Budget Bill as enacted the figure for total estimated reve-
nues always shall be equal to or exceed the figure for total ap-
(6) The General Assembly shall not amend the Budget Bill
so as to affect either the obligations of the State under Section 34
of Article 3 of the Constitution, or the provisions made by the
laws of the State for the establishment and maintenance of a sys-
tem of public schools or the payment of any salaries required to
be paid by the State of Maryland by the Constitution thereof;
and the General Assembly may amend the bill by increasing or
diminishing the items therein relating to the General Assembly,
and by increasing or diminishing the items therein relating to
the judiciary, but except as hereinbefore specified, may not alter
the said bill except to strike out or reduce items therein, provid-
ed, however, that the salary or compensation of any public offi-
cer shall not be decreased during his term of office; and such
bill, when and as passed by both Houses, shall be a law immedi-
ately without further action by the Governor.
(7) The Governor and such representatives of the executive de-
partments, boards, officers and commissions of the State expend-
ing or applying for State's moneys, as have been designated by
the Governor for this purpose, shall have the right, and when re-
quested by either House of the General Assembly, it shall be
their duty to appear and be heard with respect to any Budget
Bill during the consideration thereof, and to answer inquiries
(8) Supplementary Appropriation Bill. Either House may
consider other appropriations but both Houses shall not finally
act upon such appropriations until after the Budget Bill has been
"Amended by Chapter 20, Acts of 1952, ratified Nov. 4, 1952.
"Added by Chapter 745, Acts of 1973, ratified Nov. 5, 1974.
"Amended by Chapter 373, Acts of 1972, ratified Nov. 7, 1972.
"Amended by Chapter 416, Acts of 1966, ratified Nov. 8, 1966.
"Amended by Chapter 576, Acts of 1970, ratified Nov. 3, 1970.
"Amended by Chapter 971, Acts of 1978, ratified Nov. 7, 1978.
"Amended by Chapter 971, Acts of 1978, ratified Nov. 7, 1978.
finally acted upon by both Houses, and no such other appropria-
tion shall be valid except in accordance with the provisions fol-
lowing: (a) Every such appropriation shall be embodied in a sep-
arate bill limited to some single work, object or purpose therein
Stated and called herein a Supplementary Appropriation Bill; (b)
Each Supplementary Appropriation Bill shall provide the reve-
nue necessary to pay the appropriation thereby made by a tax,
direct or indirect, to be levied and collected as shall be directed
in said bill; (c) No Supplementary Appropriation Bill shall be-
come a law unless it be passed in each House by a vote of a ma-
jority of the whole number of the members elected, and the yeas
and nays recorded on its final passage; (d) Each Supplementary
Appropriation Bill shall be presented to the Governor of the
State as provided in Section 17 of Article 2 of the Constitution
and thereafter all the provisions of said section shall apply.
(9) Nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing the
General Assembly from passing at any time, in accordance with
the provisions of Section 28 of Article 3 of the Constitution and
subject to the Governor's power of approval as provided in Sec-
tion 17 of Article 2 of the Constitution, an appropriation bill to
provide for the payment of any obligation of the State within the
protection of Section 10 of Article 1 of the Constitution of the
(10) If the Budget Bill shall not have been finally acted up-
on by the Legislature seven days before the expiration of the reg-
ular session, the Governor shall issue a proclamation extending
the session for some further period as may, in his judgment, be
necessary for the passage of such bill; but no other matter than
such bill shall be considered during such extended session except
a provision for the cost thereof.
(11) The Governor for the purpose of making up his Budget
shall have the power, and it shall be his duty, to require from
the proper State officials, including herein all executive depart-
ments, all executive and administrative offices, bureaus, boards,
commissions and agencies, expending or supervising the expend-
iture of, and all institutions applying for State moneys and ap-
propriations, such itemized estimates and other information, in
such form and at such times as he shall direct, except that an es-
timate for a program required to be funded by a law which will
be in effect during the fiscal year covered by the Budget and
which was enacted before July 1 of the fiscal year prior thereto
shall provide a level of funding not less than that prescribed in
the law. The estimates for the Legislative Department, certified
by the presiding officer of each House, of the Judiciary, as pro-
vided by law, certified by the Comptroller, and for the public
schools, as provided by law, shall be transmitted to the Gover-
nor, in such form and at such times as he shall direct, and shall
be included in the Budget without revision.
(12) The Governor may provide for public hearings on all
estimates and may require the attendance at such hearings of
representatives of all agencies, and for all institutions applying
for State moneys. After such public hearings he may, in his dis-
cretion, revise all estimates except those for the legislative and
judiciary departments, and for the public schools, as provided by
law, and except that he may not reduce an estimate for a pro-
gram below a level of funding prescribed by a law which will be
in effect during the fiscal year covered by the Budget, and which
was enacted before July 1 of the fiscal year prior thereto.
(13) The General Assembly may, from time to time, enact
such laws not inconsistent with this section, as may be necessary
and proper to carry out its provisions.