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Dalton's The Country Justice, 1690
Volume 153, Page 120   View pdf image (33K)
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their refusal may commit them to Ward, there to remain until they will
be bound to serve as an Apprentice shall serve, according to the Statute.
No person shall be compelled to be an Apprentice, unless he be under Twenty
one years of Age.

Chap. 58.
    ' Apprentice, signifieth one that is bound by Covenant in writing, Indented
' to serve another Man of Trade, for certain years, and that his Master
' shall, in the mean time, endeavour to instruct him in his Art or Trade.
' The usual Covenants for Apprentices, see Cap. 128.  And note, that in such
and all other Covenants, Conventio legen vincit.
    Every person being a Housholder, and using half a Plough-land, at least,
may take an Apprentice above Ten years of Age, and under Eighteen to
serve in Husbandry.
5 Eliz. 4.
    Every Housholder dwelling in any City, Borough, or Town Corporate,
and exercising any Art, Mystery, or Manual occupation, may retain the Son of
a Freeman not occupying Husbandry; nor being a Labourer, and inhabiting
in the same, or in any other City, &c.  To serve and be be bound as an Apprentice
for seven years, at least; so as the term expire not before the Apprentice be
Twenty four years old, but in Market Towns not Corporate, they may take the
Child of an Artificer.
5 Eliz. 4.
    No Merchant, Mercer, Draper, Goldsmith, Ironmonger, Imbroiderer, or
Clothier, dwelling in a Corporate Town, may take any Apprentice
except the Apprentice or Father have Freehold Lands to the value of Forty
per Annum, &c.  But if such Master live in a Market Town not
Corporate, his Apprentice, or his Friends, must have
3 l. per annum in Freehold.
5 Eliz. 4.
    But these Artiicers, viz. Smiths, Wheel-wright, &c. my take such Children
Apprentices, whose Parents may dispend no Lands.
5 Eliz. 4.
    Every Cloth-worker, Fuller, Shearman, Weaver, Taylor, and Shoomaker,
that keep three Apprentices, shall keep one Journey-man, and for every 

Apprentice above three, shall keep one Journey-man, upon pain of Ten pounds
for every Default.
5 Eliz. 4.
    §. 3.
    If any Master shall misuse his Apprentice, or that the said Apprentice
shall have just cause to complain, or if the Apprentice do not his duty to
his Master, upon complaint thereof made by the Master, or Apprentice
being grieved, to any one Justice of Peace of the County where such Master
dwelleth, the said Justice (by his discretion) shall take order between
the said Master and his Apprentice; and for want of Conformity in the
Master, the said Justice may bind him to appear at the next Sessions to be
holden in the said County; where the Justices of Peace, or four of them,
whereof one of them to be of the Quorum, if they shall think meet, may
discharge the said Apprentice of his Apprenticeship, and Indentures.  But
if there shall be Default in the Apprentice; the said Justices (at their said
Sessions) may cause due Correction to be ministred to him, as they shall
think meet.  Also it seemeth, That if the first Justice of Peace, to whom
complaint was made, shall find the Default to be in the Apprentice, that
then the said Justice of Peace may send him to the House of Correction, as
an idle or disorderly person, by the Statute of 7 Jac. c.. 4.  And needeth not
to trouble the Sessions with him, tamen quære.  ' But from the Sessions they
' may send him to the House of Correction.


7 Jac. 4.

    It seemeth by this Clause, that for ill usage of the Master towards
the Apprentice, upon complaint by the Apprentice in the manner directed
by the Act, the Justices may discharge the Apprentice from the
Masters service, and not
è converso, but only that, for miscarriage of

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Dalton's The Country Justice, 1690
Volume 153, Page 120   View pdf image (33K)
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