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Maryland Manual, 1918-19
Volume 129, Page 129   View pdf image (33K)
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Chapter 506 of the Acts of 1816 provides that the Governor shall
appoint the members of the State Board of Education as follows: Before
the first Monday in May, 1918, three members for terms of seven, six
and five years; in 1920, two members for terms of six and seven years,
and in 1922, two members for terms of six and seven years from the
first Monday in May next succeeding their appointment, thus creating a
Board, after 1922, of seven members, one appointed annually for a term
of seven years from the first Monday in May, next succeeding the appoint-
ment. The Governor and State Superintendent of Schools are no longer
members of this Board.

The State Board of Education selects a State Superintendent of
Schools, and through him and his assistants, has general control of the
Public School System of the State. The Board is a legislative body, and,
as such, enacts by-laws and prescribes rules and regulations for carrying
into effect the provisions of the school laws. These by-laws and rules
include regulations for the construction of school buildings, for grading
and standardizing all public schools, for the certification of public school
teachers, for taking the bi-ennial school census, and for a uniform series
of forms and blanks for the use of county superintendents, school officials
and teachers.

The State Superintendent of Schools is the executive officer of the
Board. The members of the State Board of Education and the State
Superintendent of Schools are ex-officio trustees of the State Normal


The present position was created by the General Assembly of 1900.
The principal of the Maryland State Normal School before that time
(1872-1900) being ex-officio State Superintendent. The State Superin-
tendent of Schools is appointed by the State Board of Education for a
term of four years and is ex-officio secretary and treasurer of the Board.

He is charged with the duties of interpreting school laws, acting
without expense to the parties concerned in all controversies and disputes
involving the proper administration of the public school system, and the
execution of the educational policies of the State Board of Education.
He conducts conferences of school officials and teachers, issues teachers
certificates, passes upon proposals for the sale of school sites and build-
ings, and the plans for the construction of new buildings. He directs
the taking of the bi-ennial school census, prepares courses of study and
an annual report. He publishes a Teachers' Year-Book annually and
issues bulletins from time to time on the conditions and needs of the

Either in person, or through his assistants, he has general super-
vision over the educational affairs of the counties, co-operates with
county school officials in welding together school interests in a State
system. He certifies to the Comptroller in August each year a list of
schools entitled to receive State aid, and the amount due each county in
part payment by the State of the salaries of superintendents, supervisors
and attendance officers. He audits the acounts of the county board of
education and sees that their expenditures conform to the law.

The appointment of the county superintendents and supervisors and
attendance officers is made by the county boards of education subject to
the approval of the State Superintendent.

All communications pertaining to the supervision and administration
of the State School System (Baltimore City not included) should be sent
to him either as State Superintendent of Public Schools, or as secretary
to the State Board of Education.


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Maryland Manual, 1918-19
Volume 129, Page 129   View pdf image (33K)
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