age, or for a burying ground, which shall be improved, en-
joyed or used only for such purpose; or such sale, gift, lease
or devise shall he void.
Art. 39. That the manner of administering an oath or af-
firmation to any person, ought to he such as those of the
religious persuasion, profession or denomination of which he
is a member generally esteem the most effectual confirmation
by the attestation of the Divine Being.
Art. 40. That the liberty of the pre^s ought to be inviola-
bly preserved; that every citizen of the State ought to be al-
lowed to speak, write and publish his sentiments on all sub-
jects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.
Art. 41. That monopolies are odious, contrary to the spirit
of a free government, and the principles of commerce, and
ought not to be suffered.
Art. 42. That no title of nobility or hereditary honors
ought to be granted in this State.
Art. 43. That the Legislature ought to encourage the dif-
fusion of knowledge and virtue, the extension of a judicious
system of general education, the promotion of literature, the
arts, science, agriculture, commerce and manufactures, and
the general melioration of the condition of the people.
Art. 44. This enumeration of rights shall not be construed
to impair or deny others retained by the people.
Art. 45. That the Legislature shall pass no laws providing
for an alteration, change or abolishment of this Constitution,
except in the manner therein prescribed and directed.
SECTION 1. All elections shall be by ballot, and every white
male citizen of the United States, of the age of twenty-one
years or upwards, who shall have resided in the State one
year next preceding the election, and six months in any coun-
ty or in any legislative district of Baltimore city, and who
shall comply with the provisions of this article -of the Consti-
tution, shall be entitled to vote at all elections hereafter held
in this State; and in case any county or city shall be so di-
vided as to form portions of different electoral districts for the
election of Congressman, Senator, Delegate, or other officer