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Executive Records, Governor J. Millard Tawes, 1959-1967
Volume 82, Volume 1, Page 439   View pdf image (33K)
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only "the finest military qualities" but the finest qualities of a
citizen and a public official.

It is a great privilege to be with you here today to pay tribute to
this illustrious Marylander, who is truly our "outstanding civilian
soldier. "



May 25, 1960

I am delighted, as your Governor, to be here this evening to parti-
cipate in these ceremonies in which we dedicate this Winchester
Street Armory. This building, with its equipment, is a splendid
adjunct to the Military Department of our State. We in Maryland
are proud of our National Guard, which has figured so prominently
and so gloriously in all the wars our nation has waged.

The principle upon which our Military Department was estab-
lished is stated in our Maryland Declaration of Rights. In it, the
people of Maryland declare that "a well regulated militia is the
proper and natural defense of a free government. " Another article
in this great document of freedom states that "in all cases, and at
all times, the military ought to be under strict subordination to, and
control of, the civil power. " From this doctrine we have never devi-
ated in this country. Under it, we have proved that we can preserve
our liberties and still present the military strength we need to repel
our enemies.

But the history of our militia in Maryland antedates by much
more than a century this declaration of principle. In fact, it is as
ancient as Maryland itself. For in the Charter which Charles I
granted, setting up this province in the New World, Cecilius Calvert,
Lord Baltimore, was given the power to raise troops to put down
rebellion and insurrection and to subdue the enemies of the pro-
vince. The King, in his Charter, stated that "enemies, pirates and
ravagers... probably will be feared" in "so remote a region. " And
therefore, he granted to Lord Baltimore the authority "to array all
men, of whatsoever condition, or wheresoever born, for the time
being... to wage war, and to pursue, even beyond the limits of their
province, the enemies and ravagers... infesting those parts by land and
by sea....



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Executive Records, Governor J. Millard Tawes, 1959-1967
Volume 82, Volume 1, Page 439   View pdf image (33K)
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