1776.] OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND. 290
tate of any person for any crime except murder or treason against
the state, and then only on conviction and attainder.
" 25. That a well regulated militia is the proper and natural de-
fence of a free government.
" 26. That standing armies are dangerous to liberty, and ought
not to be raised or kept up without consent of the legislature.
" 27. That in all cases and at all times the military ought to be
under strict subordination to, and controul of, the civil power.
" 28. That no soldier ought to be quartered in any house in time
of peace without the consent of the owner, and in time of war in
such manner only as the legislature shall direct.
"29. That no person except regular soldiers, mariners and ma-
rines in the service of this state, or militia when in actual service,
ought in any case to be subject to, or punishable by, martial law.
" 30. That the independency and uprightness of judges are es-
sential to the impartial administration of justice, and a great secu-
rity to the rights and liberties of the people; wherefore the chan-
cellor and all judges and justices ought to hold commissions dur-
ing good behaviour, removable only for misbehaviour, on convic-
tion in a court of law, or by a vote of the legislature. That sala-
ries liberal, but not profuse, ought to be secured to the chancellor
and the judges, during the continuance of their commissions, and
reasonable salaries, or fees, allowed to the officers: no chancellor
or judge ought to hold any other office, civil or military, or receive
fees or perquisites of any kind.
" 31. That a long continuance in the first executive departments
of power or trust, is dangerous to liberty, a rotation therefore in
those departments is one of the best securities of permanent free-
" 32. That no person holding a place of profit, or receiving any
part of the profits thereof, or receiving the profits or any part of the
profits arising on any agency for the supply of clothing or provi-
sions for the army or navy, or holding any office under the United
States or any of them, or a minister or preacher of the gospel of
any denomination, or any person employed in the regular land ser-
vice, or marine, of this or the United States, ought to have a seat
in the legislature or the council of this state.
" 33. That no person ought to hold at the same time more than
one office of profit, nor ought any person in public trust to receive
any present from any foreign prince, or state, or from the United
States, or any of them, without the approbation of this state.
" 34. That as it is the duty of every man to worship God in such
manner as he thinks most acceptable to him, all persons professing the