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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 75   View pdf image (33K)
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    " These are in the Lord Proprietary's name to authorize
and appoint Captain Robert Vaughan Commander of the Isle
of Kent County within the said Province of Maryland to
grant Warrants for land within the said county to any
adventurers or planters according to his Lordship's
Condicions of Plantation, whereupon such land shall happen to be
due to such adventurers or planters respectively, he the said
Captain Robert Vaughan causing the said Warrants, together
with the particular demands or assignments upon which the
same shall be granted to be entered upon record by his
Lordship's Secretary of the said Province who is to have his
usual due fees for such Warrants and Entrys. Given at
Providence in Ann Arundel County this 29th July Anno
Domi. 1650.

                                        WM. STONE."

    LIB. No.1, fol. 170.


    A like authority was given to the (m)Commander of Ann
Arundel County, but, on the 18th of December 1652,
Governor Stone issued a Proclamation, in which, after
reciting these Commissions, and stating that not only the
transmitting an account of Warrants, demands and assignments
as required, to the Secretary's office was somewhat neglected,
but the due return of Certificates under those Warrants also
omitted, to the great prejudice of his Lordship in his rents,
&c. he revoked all such appointments;
¾charged these
Commanders to make full returns of their proceedings, and the
Surveyor General not to " presume" for the future to
survey any land within the Province without some Warrant or
special direction from him (the Governor) or from the
Proprietary; " his, (the said Surveyors), former irregular and
" unwarrantable proceedings therein having occasioned much
" trouble and inconvenience, to the great abuse both of his
" Lordship's authority and the inhabitants."


    Notwithstanding the abuses here complained of, the
Government found an absolute necessity for, making subsequent
appointments of this kind, particularly on the disputed parts,
of the Eastern Shore, that is to say in the neighbourhood of
Virginia, and on the borders of the Delaware:
Authorities much more extensive than the mere granting of Warrants

    (m) The Commanders of Counties were officers invested with very
extensive powers, rendered necessary, it is presumed, by the circum-
stances of turbulence and insubordination which attended the settlement
of the Colony. They were in a word the chief officers both in
military and civil affairs, not excepting judicial proceedings. The Lieutenants
of counties, though of inferiour authority, take their origin probably
from these establishments.

Source: John Kilty. Land Holder's Assistant and Land Office Guide.
Baltimore: G. Dobbin & Murphy, 1808. MSA L 25529.

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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 75   View pdf image (33K)
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