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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 166   View pdf image (33K)
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governor. In these he complained highly of the
mission and conduct of Utye, and shewed, in a succinct way, the
ground of the Dutch claim to the territory which they had
colonized: but the embassadors delivered a long manifesto,
in which they traced the discoveries of America, and the
settlements on its coasts, from the time of Columbus;
alledged a patent from the States General, confirmed by agreement
with James King of England, and asserted that the Dutch
had a settlement about Cape Henlopen even before the
planting of Virginia, but that the adventurers were all destroyed by
the Indians. Finally, having stated their title in the most
minute manner they declared their resolution to support it by
arms and reprisals if necessary. But, although they kept
possession during the subsequent period of disturbance and
weakness occasioned by Fendall's treachery, and the
disaffection of other persons of leading note, the proprietary's son
Charles Calvert, upon assuming the government of the
province in 1662, obliged those Hollanders to abandon the (h)
Whorekill, and the country about Cape Henlopen, of which
he immediately took possession, and to retire to Newcastle,
at the northern extremity of the peninsula, where, in two years
after, they had to submit to Sir Robert Carr, who in
conquering and annexing to New York what have been called the
three lower counties admitted those foreigners to the
privileges of British subjects. Many of them, however, had
previously emigrated, if it may be so called, into Maryland,
where they became naturalized, and incorporated with the
English. Among these was Augustine Herman one of the
embassadors before mentioned, well known by his grant of
Bohemia manor in Cecil county; and several others of the
principal Dutch colonists accepted of grants on the Eastern
Shore, where and in the Delaware state, their descendants
still remain. Thus ended the Dutch settlement of the New
Netherlands on the South River as these people called
Delaware Bay and, for the present, the contest of Lord
Baltimore for territory in that particular quarter.

    The disputes with Pennsylvania, which comprehend,
incidentally, the rise of new questions relative to the Delaware
plantation, and its final abstraction and separation from the
province of Maryland, began in 1682, and were not
completely settled, until a short time before the period of the
American Revolution. The celebrated William Penn, the
founder and proprietary of Pennsylvania, who obtained the
grant of that extensive region in 1680, had scarcely commenced

    (h) A district on the western margin of Delaware Bay near Cape
Henlopen, or, as it is described on record " within the mouth of the South
Cape." The name, corrupted from Hoore-kill, is I am informed, no
longer known on the Eastern Shore.

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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 166   View pdf image (33K)
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