Origin: Caroline County was created in 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne's counties (Chapter 10, Acts of 1773). Lady Caroline Eden (c.1745-1792)gave her name to the County. She was the wife of Maryland's last colonial governor, Robert Eden (1741-1784); the daughter of Charles Calvert, 5th Lord Baltimore; and the sister of Frederick Calvert, 6th Lord Baltimore.
Boundaries: Bounded north by Queen Anne's County; east by Delaware; south by Dorchester County; west by Talbot County.
County Seat: Denton, MD 21629
Form of Government: Code Home Rule since 1984
Population: 1990 census: 27,035; 2000 census: 29,772; 2010 census: 33,066
Caroline County Courthouse, 109 Market St., Denton, Maryland, October 2004. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
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