State House, Annapolis, Maryland, April 2005. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
The Lieutenant Governor performs duties delegated by the Governor (Const., Art. II, secs. 1, 1A, 2). In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor, the Lieutenant Governor succeeds to that office. The Lieutenant Governor also serves as acting governor when notified in writing by the Governor that the Governor will be temporarily unable to perform the duties of office (Const., Art. II, secs. 4, 5, 6).
The Lieutenant Governor chairs the Maryland Health Quality and Cost Council, and the Governor's Economic Development and Job Creation Fast-Track-Initiative Coordinating Committee, and co-chairs the Maryland Health Care Reform Coordinating Council. The Lieutenant Governor also serves on the Governor's Executive Council; the Governor's Subcabinet for International Affairs; the Governor's Family Violence Council, and the Maryland Sustainable Growth Commission.
As the second-ranking officer of the State, the Lieutenant Governor is chosen for a four-year term by popular vote at the same election at which the Governor is elected. The Lieutenant Governor's term of office begins on the third Wednesday in January following election. Eligibility requirements for Lieutenant Governor are the same as those for the Governor.
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