MARYLAND AT A GLANCE

PLANTS

GRASSES


 [photo, Grasses, Glen Burnie, Maryland]
  • Maryland Grasses
  • Invasive & Introduced Grasses

  • Warm Season Grasses & Wildlife (DNR)

  • 100 Poisonous Plants of Maryland (University of Maryland)


  • Grasses, Glen Burnie, Maryland, May 2015. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.


     [photo, Sedge, Glen Burnie, Maryland]  [photo, Grasses, Glen Burnie, Maryland] Botanically classified as herbs, grasses (graminoids) most commonly are thought of as simple yard cover. Yet, they, along with bay grasses, actually are a diverse group that encompasses reeds and seaweeds. There are more than 3,500 species of graminoids in the world.


    Sedge (left) and Grasses (right), Glen Burnie, Maryland, September 2014. Photos by Diane F. Evartt.


    MARYLAND GRASSES


    Name Scientific Name Blooms
    Bluestem, Broomsedge Andropogon virginicus L. Aug. - Nov.
    Bluestem, Little Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash Aug. - Oct.
    Cordgrass, Prairie Spartina pectinata Bosc ex Link June - July
    Cordgrass, Saltmeadow Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. July - Sept.
    Cordgrass, Smooth Spartina alterniflora Loisel. July - Sept.
    Eelgrass, American Vallisneria americana Michx. July - Sept.
    Fescue, Red Festuca rubra L.
    Gamagrass, Eastern Tripsacum dactyloides (L.) L.
    Grass, Eastern Blue-eyed Sisyrinchium atlanticum E.P. Bicknell
    Grass, Eastern Bottlebrush Elymus hystrix L.
    Grass, Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Sisyrinchium angustifolium Mill.
    Grassleaf, Mudplantain Heteranthera dubia (Jacq.) MacMill.
    Indiangrass Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash Aug. - Sept.
    Panicgrass, Coastal Panicum amarum Elliott var. amarulum (Hitchc. & Chase) P.G. Palmer
    Sedge, Blue Carex glaucodea Tuck. ex Olney June - July
    Sedge, Pennsylvania Carex pensylvanica Lam. May - June
    Sedge, Upright Carex stricta Lam. May - Aug.
    Switchgrass Panicum virgatum L. July - Oct.
    Wildrye, Canada Elymus canadensis L. June - Oct.
    Wildrye, Virginia Elymus virginicus L. June - Oct.
    Woodoats, Indian Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) Yates July - Sept.

    INVASIVE & INTRODUCED GRASSES


    Name Scientific Name Blooms
    Bamboo, Running multiple species within genus Phyllostachys
    Basketgrass, Wavyleaf Oplismenus hirtellus Aug. - Nov.
    Grass, Japanese Silver Miscanthus sinensis Sept. - Oct
    Grass, Japanese Stilt Microstegium vimineum July - Sept.
    Grass, Johnson Sorghum halepense May - Oct.
    Grass, Pampas Cortaderia selloana July - Sept.
    Grass, Reed Canary Phalaris arundinacea June - Aug.
    Knotweed, Japanese Polygonum cuspidatum July - Oct.
    Lespedeza, Chinese Lespedeza cuneata July - Oct.
    Lovegrass, Weeping Eragrostis curvulas July - Oct.
    Pondweed, Curly Potamogeton crispus May - Oct.
    Reed, Common Phragmites australis July - Nov.
    Reed, Giant Arundo donax July - Sept.

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