Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Matt Williams (b. 1908 - d. 1931)
MSA SC 3520-13749
Lynched in Salisbury, December 4, 1931

Sources:


Newspaper articles -

December 4, 1931
"Sees Father Killed, Shoots Attacker." The Evening Sun, 4 December 1931.

GOVERNOR (Newspaper Clippings) MSA S1048-1 and MSA S1048-10
Newspaper Clippings and Correspondence Relating to the Lynching of Matthew Williams, Courthouse lawn, Salisbury, MD, December 4, 1931
 

December 5, 1931
"'Shore Mob Hangs, Burns Negro." The Baltimore Post, 5 Decmeber 1931.

"Demand State Act In Lynching." The Baltimore Post, 5 December 1931.

"Salisbury Paper Omits Story of Lynching." The Baltimore Post, 5 December 1931.

"Maryland's Disgrace - The Shame of the Eastern Shore." The Baltimore Post, 5 December 1931.

"'Shore Mob Lynches Negro." The Baltimore Sun, 5 December 1931.

"Blames Lynching on Defense League." The Baltimore Sun, 5 December 1931.

"Lynching Breaks 20-Year Record." The Baltimore Sun, 5 December 1931.

"Disgrace." The Baltimore Sun, 5 December 1931.

"Mob Topples Law and Order." The Washington Journal, 5 December 1931.

"Blame Ritchie in Lynching." The Washington Times, 5 December 1931.

"The Anti-Lynching Pledge." Washington Daily Times, 5 December 1931.

"Lynch Mob Prosecution Promised." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 5 December 1931.

"Officials Aim to Prosecute Lynching Mob." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 5 December 1931.

"Coroner's Jury to Investigate Slayer's Death." Salisbury Times, 5 December 1931.
 

December 6, 1931
"Ritchie Orders Vigorous Prosecution of Mob That Lynched Salisbury Killer." The Baltimore American, 6 December 2001.

"Lyching Shames State, Says Ritchie." The Baltimore American, 6 December 1931.

"Mob Described By Brockman." The Baltimore News, 6 December 1931.

"Ritchie Orders Mob Members' Arrest; Lee Trial Deferred." The Baltimore Sun, 6 December 1931.

"Comment of Eastern Shore Newspapers On Lynching." The Baltimore Sun, 6 December 1931.

"False Report of Mob Brings Call to Police." The Baltimore Sun, 6 December 1931.

"Maryland, My Maryland!" The Baltimore Sun, 6 December 1931. (Editorial Cartoon)

"No Halfway Measures." The Baltimore Sun, 6 December 1931.

"An Unredeemed Pledge." Buffalo Sunday Times, 6 December 1931.

"Mr. Ritchie's Theory Gets a Test." Greensboro Daily News, 6 December 1931.

"Send Protest On Lynching." The New York Times, 6 December 1931.

"Maryland's Disgrace." The Washington Star, 6 December 1931.
 

December 7, 1931
"Quiet Reigns After Hanging in Salisbury." The Baltimore Sun, 7 December 1931.

"Blames Tardiness of Law for Salisbury Lynching." The Baltimore Sun, 7 December 1931.

"Negro Preacher Urges Law Obedience In Sermon." The Baltimore Sun, 7 December 1931.

"As To Misrepresentation." The Baltimore Sun, 7 December 1931.

"The Eastern Shore Kultur." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 7 December 1931.

"Five Will Be Summoned In Lynch Quiz." The Baltimore Post, 7 December 1931.

"Governor Ritchie's Opportunity." Bristol Press, 7 December 1931.

"Maryland May Punish Lynchers." The New York Times, 7 December 1931.

"Lynching In Maryland." Philadelphia Evening Ledger, 7 December 1931.

"Maryland's Obligation." Philadelphia Public Ledger, 7 December 1931.

"Gov. Ritchie Faces a Lynching." Springfield Republican, 7 December 1931.
 

December 8, 1931
"Mr. Richie and the Negroes." Brooklyn Eagle, 8 December 1931.

"Ritchie and the Lynching." Hanover Sun, 8 December 1931.

"Maryland's Job." The New York Observer, 8 December 1931.
 

December 9, 1931
"Missionaries Needed." The New York Evening Times, 9 December 1931.
 

December 12, 1931
"Maryland's Shame Edition." Afro-American, 12 December 1931, pages 1, 2 & 3.
 

December 16, 1931
"Governor Ritchie Protests a Recent Eagle Editorial." Brooklyn Eagle, 16 December 1931.
 

December 19, 1931
"Man's Toes Cut off by Mob at Salisbury."  Afro-American, 19 December 1931, page 1.
"What the Press Thinks of Maryland's Shame."  Afro-American, 19 December 1931, page 19.
 

March 15, 1932
"Jury Prepares to Call First Lynch Witness." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 15 March 1932.

"Sho' Jurors Open Probe of Lynching." The Baltimore Post, 15 March 1932.
 

March 16, 1932
"Jury Calls 17 New Witnesses In Lynch Probe." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 16 March 1932.

"17 More Called For Grilling In Lynching Probe." The Baltimore Post, 16 March 1932.

"12 Questioned In Shore Probe of Lynching." The Baltimore Sun, 16 March 1932.

"Continue To Probe 'Shore Lynching Case." Cumberland Evening Times, 16 March 1932.

"Lane Aiding Lynch Probe At Salisbury." Daily Mail, 16 March 1932.

"Many Called In Shore Probe Of Lynching." Maryland News, 16 March 1932.

"Witnesses Heard By Grand Jury In Lynching Probe." Morning Herald, 16 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Report On Two Murders and I.L.D. Activity May Be Finished Tomorrow." Salisbury Times, 16 March 1932.
 

March 17, 1932
"Recall Lynch Witnesses." Baltimore News, 17 March 1932.

"Lynch Report Due Late Today." The Baltimore Post, 17 March 1932.

"Lynching Jury Is Expected To Report Today." The Baltimore Sun, 17 March 1932.

"Would Recall Witnesses In Lynching Probe." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 17 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Probe May Complete Probe of Lynching Today." Morning Herald, 17 March 1932.

"Jury Continues Probe May Not Report Today." Salisbury Times, 17 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Report On Two Murders and I.L.D. Activity May Be Finished Thursday." Wicomico News, 17 March 1932.
 

March 18, 1932
"Jury Questions Last Witness In Lynching Probe." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 18 March 1932.

"Jury to Draft Lynch Report." Baltimore News, 18 March 1932.

"Jury Near End of Lynch Probe." The Baltimore Post, 18 March 1932.

"6 Witnesses Still to Face Lynching Jury." The Baltimore Sun, 18 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Probe Will End Today." Cambridge Record, 18 March 1932.

"Decision May Come Today in Sho' Lynching." The Daily Mail, 18 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Probing Salisbury Lynching." Federalsburg Times, 18 March 1932.

"Lynching Jury Is Expected To Report Today." Maryland News, 18 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Is Nearing End of Lynching Probe." Morning Herald, 18 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Reports It Found No One Remotely Connected With Lynching." Salisbury Times, 18 March 1932.

"14 Lynchings In State Since 1885, None Prosecuted." Salisbury Times, 18 March 1932.
 

March 19, 1932
"Call Mortician, Physician In Shore Probe." The Afro-American, 19 March 1932.

"Lynch Report Is Turned Down By Church Body." The Afro-American, 19 March 1932.

"Kidnapping or Lynching?" The Afro-American, 19 March 1932.

"More Interest in Own Affairs Needed." The Afro-American, 19 March 1932.

"Lane Keeps Silent On Lynching Probe." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 19 March 1932.

"The Stain Remains." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 19 March 1932.

"Lynch Verdict Closes Probe." The Baltimore Post, 19 March 1932.

"They Saw No Evil." The Baltimore Post, 19 March 1932.

"Lynching Jury Unable to Name Any Defendant." The Baltimore Sun, 19 March 1932.

"Wicomico Grand Jury Investigates." Caroline Sun, 19 March 1932.

"Churchmen Bar Lynching Report." Democratic Messenger, 19 March 1932.

"Lynching Quiz Indicts None." The Washington Times, 19 March 1932.
 

March 20, 1932
"An Anti-Lynching Law." The Baltimore Sun, 20 March 1932.
 

March 21, 1932
"Day By Day." The Baltimore Post, 21 March 1932.

"Grand Jury Fails to Find Evidence." Cambridge Record, 21 March 1932.

"League to Appeal to Gov. Ritchie." Cambridge Record, 21 March 1932.

"Three Jurists to Confer On Berger Charge." Salisbury Times, 21 March 1932.
 

March 22, 1932
"Labor Defense Leader Defies Contempt Writ." The Baltimore Post, 22 March 1932.

"Shore Judges Plan Action In Berger Case." The Baltimore Sun, 22 March 1932.

"'Lynching Jury' Critic Stirs Court Ire." The Washington Times, 22 March 1932.
 

March 24, 1932
"Grand Jury Reports It Found No One Remotely Connected With Lynching." Wicomico News, 24 March 1932.
 

March 26, 2002
"Whitewash for Maryland's Lynch Town, Salisbury." Afro-American, 26 March 1932.

"Probe Ends In Whitewash for Sho' Lynchers." Afro-American, 26 March 1932.

"Blankety, Blank, Blank!" Jeffersonian, 26 March 1932.
 

March 28, 1932
"The _______ Psychosis." The Baltimore Evening Sun, 28 March 1932.
 

April 8, 1932
"Maryland Gets a National Ad." The Baltimore Post, 8 April 1932.
 

April 9, 1932
"Dr. Haynes Quibbles." Afro-American, 9 April 1932.
 

July 29, 1932
"Civilized American and Maryland." Union News, 29 July 1932.



Magazine and Journal Articles  -

Dashiell, Alfred.  "Moscow Comes to Maryland."  The New Republic, 70 (February 17, 1932): 20 - 21.

Gilmore, Eddie.  "The Reporter and the Mob."  In News Stories of 1933: A Collection of Some of the Best News and Feature Stories of Various Types Which
Appeared in American Newspapers in 1933.  Iowa City: Clio Press, 1934.

Matelis, Valentine.  "Merrily Lynching Along!"  The Commowealth, 16 (September 7, 1932): 443 - 45.

"Maryland Has a Lynching."  Outlook and Independent, 159 (December 23, 1931): 521.



Books -

Ifill, Sherrilyn A. On the Court-House Lawn: Confronting the Legacy of Lynching in the Twenty-first Century. Boston: Beacon Press, 2007.

Moore, Joseph E. Murder on Maryland's Eastern Shore: Race, Politics and the Case of Orphan Jones. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2006.


Return to Matt Williams' Introductory Page
 


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