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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 189   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES CAL

REER. EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIA-
TION Catholic, converted to Anglican. SOCIAL
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: fellow of the Royal Soci-
ety. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Thomas Carlyle
(1795-1881) described Calvert "as something of a
fool, to judge by the face of him in portraits, and
by some of his doings in the world," but a modern
historian credits him as being "a careful and fairly
successful administrator." OCCUPATIONAL PRO-
FILE: proprietor of Maryland, 1715-1751. PUBLIC
CAREER. PROVINCIAL OFFICES: governor, 1732-
1733; chancellor, 1732-1733. OUT OF COLONY
SERVICE: cofferer to H.R.H. Frederick, Prince of
Wales; lord of the Admiralty, 1741; M.P., Surrey,
England. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. As propri-
etor Calvert's private income included duties en-
acted by the provincial legislature for his benefit,
such as a 14 pence sterling per ton duty on ship-
ping, plus up to £10,000 sterling per year in land
revenues. Calvert owned all unpatented land in
Maryland. He personally owned twenty-one man-
ors in various locations in the colony, plus reserves
around each manor to prevent encroachment by
patentees. Manor and reserved lands totaled at
least 103,000 acres. By 1751 manor lands
amounted to ca. 111,500 acres. WEALTH AT
DEATH. DIED: on April 24, 1751; size of estate un-
known.

CALVERT, EDWARD HENRY (1701-1730)
BORN: on August 31, 1701, in England; third son.
IMMIGRATED: ca. 1728. RESIDED: in England; An-
napolis, Anne Arundel County. FAMILY BACK-
GROUND. FATHER: Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th
Lord Balti more (1619-1115). STEPFATHER Chris-
topher Crewe. MOTHER: Lady Charlotte Lee (?-
1721). BROTHERS: Charles Calvert, 5th Lord
Baltimore (1699-1751); Benedict Leonard Calvert
(1700-1732); and Cecilius (1702-1765). SISTERS:
Charlotte (1702-1744); Jane (1703-?); Barbara
(1704-died young); and Anne. NEPHEWS: Frederick
Calvert, 6th Lord Baltimore (1731/ 32- 1771); Bene-
dict Calvert (ca. 1724-1788). NIECE: Caroline Cal-
vert, who married Robert Eden (1741-1784). ADDI-
TIONAL COMMENTS: His parents were divorced in
1705. MARRIED Margaret Lee, who subsequently
married James Fitzgerald, Esq. CHILDREN. Died
without progeny. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION:
literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION. Anglican. SO-
CIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Esq.; Hon. OCCU-
PATIONAL PROFILE: assisted in the administration
of his family's provincial affairs. PUBLIC CAREER.
LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Upper House, 1728-1729
(did not attend the 1st session; died before the 3rd
session). OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Council,

1728-1730 (appointed on June 19, 1728; qualified
on February 6, 1728/29; president 1728/29-1730);
commissary general, 1728/29-1730 (commissioned
June 1728; sworn February 1728/29; died in of-
fice, 1730). WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND:
none in his own name in the province; probably
lived with relatives or rented a furnished house in
Annapolis. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED on April 24,
1730, in Annapolis. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV,
at least £388.19.0 current money (including 1 ser-
vant, 157 oz. plate, and a violin).

CALVERT, FREDERICK, 6TH LORD
BALTIMORE (1731/32-1771). BORN: on Febru-
ary 6, 1731/32, in England; only surviving legiti-
mate son. RESIDED, in England and on the Euro-
pean continent; never visited Maryland. FAMILY
BACKGROUND. FATHER: Charles Calvert, 5th Lord
Baltimore (1699- 1751). GUARDIANS: Arthur Ons-
low, speaker of the House of Commons; John
Sharpe, Esq. (?-1756), brother of Horatio Sharpe
(1718-1790); Hon. Cecilius Calvert (1702-1765);
Hugh Hammersley, Esq. (?-1789), principal secre-
tary of Maryland from 1765 to 1776. MOTHER:
Mary Janssen (?-1748). UNCLES: Benedict Leonard
Calvert (1700-1732); Edward Henry Calvert
(1701-1730). AUNT: Barbara Janssen, who married
Thomas Bladen (1698-1780). BROTHER Charles
(1737-died in infancy). HALF BROTHER: Benedict
Calvert (ca. 1724-1788). SISTERS: Frances Dorothy
(1734-1736); Louisa; and Caroline, who married
Robert Eden (1741-1784). MARRIED on March 9,
1753, Lady Diana (1732-1758), daughter of
Scroop Egerton, duke of Bridgewater. CHILDREN.
NATURAL SON. by Hester Whalen, of Ireland,
Henry Harford (ca. 1759-1834). NATURAL
DAUGHTERS: by Hester Whalen, Frances Mary
Harford (ca. 1760-1822), who married William
Frederick Wyndham (1763-1828); by Elizabeth
Dawson, of Lincolnshire, England, twins, Sophia
Hales (1765-?) and Elizabeth Hales (1765-?); by
Elizabeth Hope, of Munster, Germany, Charlotte
Hope (1770-?). PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION:
literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican. ADDI-
TIONAL COMMENTS: Modern historians have
noted that he "took little part in the government
of his province" and characterized him as "a dis-
solute, but generous man." He was the author of
Tour in the East in the Years 1763 and 1764 with
Remarks on the City of Constantinople and the
Turks, Also Select Pieces of Oriental Wit, Poetry
and Wisdom , Gaudia Poetica Latino, Anglica, et
Gallica Lingua composita , and Caelestes et Inferi .
In 1768 he was tried in England on a charge of
raping a young woman, but he was acquitted.

189



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 189   View pdf image (33K)
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