MARYLAND DAY, MARCH 25, 1999
DATE: March 25, 1999
TIME: 9:15 a.m. - 10:15 a.m.
PLACE: Governor's Reception Room, the State House
Parris N. Glendening, Governor
Edward C. Papenfuse, State Archivist
Ann Jensen, author of Leonard Calvert and the Maryland
Marcy Dunn Ramsey, illustrator of Leonard Calvert
and the Maryland Adventure
School, Baltimore, Maryland
32 Members of the 3rd grade
Geri Redfield, Third Grade Teacher
Martha Gardner, Third Grade Teacher
Sallie Papenfuse, Reading Specialist
Sue Szczypinski, Head of the Lower School
BACKGROUND OF EVENT
Maryland Day, March 25, is the day on which Marylanders
celebrate the founding of the colony. It is the anniversary of the landing
of the settlers from the Ark and the Dove on St. Clement's
Island in 1634. They had set sail from England on November 22, 1633 with
Calvert as their leader. He had been appointed governor of the new
colony by his brother Cecil Calvert, the proprietor of Maryland. Cecil
Calvert never came to Maryland but remained in England to protect his rights
to the colony. The Charter of Maryland was granted by King Charles I to
Cecil Calvert on June 20, 1632. It had been requested by Cecil and Leonard's
father, George Calvert, who died before it was granted.
READINGS FOR MARYLAND DAY EVENT, MARCH 25, 1999
Today's event is built around a children's book which
was published in 1998, called Leonard
Calvert and the Maryland Adventure,
written by Annapolis author
Ann Jensen and illustrated by Marcy Dunn Ramsey of Chestertown.
The event will also focus on the 350th anniversary of
Act Concerning Religion, also known as the Act of Toleration, which
was passed by the General Assembly of Maryland meeting in St. Mary's City
on April 21, 1649.
About the author and the illustrator:
Ms. Jensen has written other books, including Chesapeake
Bay Schooners and a children's book about Annapolis during the Revolution
called The World Turned Upside Down. She is also the co-editor of
the Local History Series of historical studies of Annapolis and Anne Arundel
County published by the Maryland State Archives and the Maryland Historical
Ms. Ramsey has illustrated many books including Awesome
Chesapeake, a children's guide to the Bay and wrote and illustrated
About Boys' Latin School: Boys' Latin School is non-denominational
school offering a traditional college preparatory curriculum. It has 592
students in grades K-12 and a faculty of 73 full- and part-time teachers.
Founded in 1844, Boys' Latin is the oldest private, non-sectarian school
for boys in Maryland.
First reading: Page 22. This relates to the instructions
that Cecil Calvert gave to his brother, Leonard, before the Ark and
Dove left England regarding what he should do to establish government when
he arrived in Maryland.
Second reading: Pages 57 - 59: This passage relates to the
first meeting of the General Assembly in 1635. The Charter of
Maryland required the governor to consult with the freemen of the colony.
This is the foundation of representative government in Maryland. However,
Cecil Calvert was not pleased with the laws which the General Assembly
passed and sent them back, saying that he would propose his own laws which
the Assembly could meet to approve.
Third reading (read right after above passage): Pages 65:
This relates to the General Assembly's rejection of the Cecil Calvert's
proposed laws. They passed some laws of their own which were then accepted
by Cecil Calvert.
The discussion of these two passages can relate to how the
present-day governor and the General Assembly work together to pass laws
and how they sometimes don't agree. It can also include the fact that the
governor can, and sometimes does, veto laws passed by the General Assembly
but also often accepts their suggestions and amendments.
TALKING POINTS Questions that might come up in discussion:
What it was like to be the first governor of Maryland
in the 1600s and what it is like to be governor of Maryland today. Some
How did Leonard Calvert become governor?
He wasn't elected but was appointed by his brother who was
the owner of the colony. The governor today is elected by the people.
How old was Leonard Calvert when he became governor?
He was 28 when he became governor which is very young for
present day governors. However, people did not usually live as long then
as people do today.
What powers did Leonard Calvert have?
He was responsible for all aspects of government, including
administration and finding the money to run the colony. Today, the governor
is one of a number of important public officials. These include the Comptroller,
who collects taxes and pays the state's bills, and members of the elected
General Assembly who review and approve the governor's budget.
What were the most important issues for Leonard Calvert?
Defence: Protecting the people of the colony was one of Leonard
Calvert's biggest concerns. Now, because Maryland is part of the national
defence system, this is not a major issue for the present governor. However,
the governor is the commander-in-chief of the Maryland National Guard which
is very helpful in emergency situations.
Trade: For Leonard Calvert the survival of the colony depended
on developing trade, especially in furs. For the present governor, trade
and economic development are also important and occupy much of his time.
Who was Margaret Brent and why was she so important and so
She was a wealthy landowner and handled Leonard Calvert's
property after his death. Very few women had any political influence and
power in England or Maryland.
However, when she asked the General Assembly for two votes,
one as a landowner and one as Lord Baltimore's lawyer, the delegates refused.
Why was the Act of Toleration so important in Maryland and
The act was the first to allow freedom of religion in the
American colonies and it was the first to provide for the separation of
church and state. Although the Act only allowed freedom of religion for
Christians, it was important because it was the first to state the idea
that religion was a private matter of conscience. Freedom of religion and
the separation of church and state are now rights guaranteed to all Americans
under the U.S. Constitution.
Finally: If the question of slavery is raised:
in the early days of the colony, slavery was not an established institution
in Maryland. This came about later in the century due to the tobacco trade.
Tobacco became the most important cash crop and required a lot of work
to grow it. It is important to note that not all African Americans in 17th
century Maryland were slaves. In fact, an African American named Mathias
deSouza was a member of the first session of the General Assembly of freemen.
Also, an explorer trading furs with the Indians met "a negro who
lived among them to learn the language."