The goal of the Legacy of Slavery Exhibits Online is to inform, promote and display the
varied people, places and events that have created African American history in Maryland
since it's inception in 1634. Some of the exhibits displayed on this site are initially
presented in the Maryland State Archives search room in Annapolis, Maryland. Every
month a different presentation is conceptualized, researched and designed by the
Archives' Legacy of Slavery Research Department with layout, format assistance and
installation by the Archives' Artistic Properties Department.
Study of the Legacy of Slavery Exhibits Online
WOMEN'S HISTORY MONTH,
The contributions of African American women to Maryland's history are immeasurable.
Names like Harriet Tubman, Juanita Jackson Mitchell, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, and
Billie Holliday are all well known for their accomplishments to the public at large.
But the exhibit for the month of March has chosen to shine a light on everyday African
American women. The exhibit is a slideshow that displays photographs of African
American women from the turn of the twentieth century to the late 1950's from the
Maryland State Archives' collections.
ROBERT M. BELL,
- HONORED ON FEBRUARY 17, 2005
Judge Robert Mack Bell serves in the highest
judicial seat in the state of Maryland as Chief Judge of the Court
of Appeals. His judicial career began thirty years ago when he
received his first position in the Maryland District Court; at the time
he was the youngest to hold such a seat. This exhibit features
articles that were written about Chief Judge Bell during the numerous
stages of his career, and a link to his biographical page.
DONALD GAINES MURRAY,
- JANUARY 15, 1936 MURRAY vs. MARYLAND
With the council of NAACP attorney and fellow Baltimore City native, Thurgood Marshall,
Donald Gaines Murray sued the University of Maryland School of Law in 1935 when he was
denied entrance to the institution because he was an African American. After months of
litigation on the local and state levels, The Maryland Court of Appeals officially
filed its decision to desegregate the University of Maryland's School of Law on
January 15, 1936. The January exhibit contains a letter written by Donald Gaines Murray
requesting admission into the School of Law, a picture from his 1934 Amherst yearbook,
a copy of the Court of Appeals' Opinion and a picture of a statue of Donald Gaines
Murray found at Lawyers Mall in front of the Maryland State House in Annapolis.
JUANITA JACKSON MITCHELL,
- BORN JANUARY 2, 1913
Juanita Jackson Mitchell dedicated her life to civil rights and equality in Baltimore
City, the state of Maryland, and throughout the nation. She spent much of her early
life working through the NAACP with a special interest in the youth of Baltimore City.
At the age of thirty-seven she graduated from the University of Maryland School of
Law and became the first African American woman to practice law in Maryland. Her
career as a lawyer and activist furthered her involvement in the civil rights movement
from the legal arena, and made her one of the most notable figures in Maryland law and
civil rights. The exhibit includes photos from a tribute to Juanita Jackson Mitchell
and a link to her biographical page.
THE NORTH STAR
- DECEMBER 3, 1847
The North Star's creator and editor was abolitionist, and native
Marylander, Frederick Douglass. The newspaper became one of the most prominent
abolitionist publications in the north during the Antebellum Era. The exhibit features
a description of the reception Douglass' paper received from his contemporaries, along
with reproductions of a portrait of Douglass and the front page of the first edition
of the North Star.
REGINALD F. LEWIS,
- BORN DECEMBER 7, 1942
Through savvy business acquisitions and sound leadership, Reginald F. Lewis
established himself as one of the world's most successful entrepreneurs. In addition
to his lucrative business endeavors, Lewis established his own foundation, designed to
give back to a range of philanthropic interests. Displayed in the exhibit is a biography
of Lewis, his birth certificate and a watercolor of the Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland
African American Art and Culture in Baltimore City.
MARYLAND EMANCIPATION, NOVEMBER 1, 1864
The first of November, marks the anniversary of the passing of the 1864 Maryland
Constitution. Article 24 of the Maryland Constitution abolished slavery in the state of Maryland.
The link above contains a reproduction of Article 24 from the 1864 Maryland Constitution and
assorted newspaper clippings reacting to this momentous occasion in Maryland's History.