Newsletter of
The Maryland State Archives
July 26, 1999
Vol., 13 No. 14
began after completing law school, when he launched a campaign for a House of Delegates seat. At age twenty-nine, after four years of representing his native Calvert County in the House of Delegates, he enlisted in the Marine Corps as a private. Upon returning from service in World War II, he was elected to what became a twelve-year senate career. 

Goldstein was elected Comptroller of the Treasury for the first time in 1958 and continued to serve in this capacity for ten consecutive terms. As a result of his success as Comptroller, he was awarded the 1989 Donald L. Scantlebury Award of the joint Financial Management Improvement Program of the United States Government, the 1996 Lifetime Achievement Award from The Federation of Tax Administrators, and had awards for financial management and leadership established in his name by both the Maryland Public Finance Officers Association and the National Association of State Comptrollers. Aside from his success in Maryland government, Goldstein also enjoyed a successful family life and wherever he went and whomever he met, he always had these words to say:  "God bless you all real good." 

Like the subject of her portrait, the artist has also played an important role in the history of Maryland. Carolyn Egeli, daughter of Maryland artists Bjorn and Louis Baldwin Egeli, has been using her talent as an artist for thirty years to insure that the memories of people live on with her paintings. In her portrait of Louis Goldstein, she has captured the energy,

Pictured from left, Governor Parris N. Glendening; artist Carolyn Egeli; and two of Mr. Goldstein's three children:  Louisa Goldstein and Philip Goldstein, with his wife Terry.
by Hillary Thomas

Shortly after noon on July 14, Maryland honored its longest serving state official with the unveiling of his portrait in the foyer of the Louis L. Goldstein Treasury Building. The subject of the portrait and the man for which the Treasury Building is named, Louis L. Goldstein, was a devoted, diligent, and a much beloved servant to the State of Maryland.  His political career 

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dignity, and good humor for which he will always be remembered and admired. Just as Goldstein was an invaluable asset to his state, Egeli's portrait serves as a constant reminder of his devotion and contributions to the State of Maryland. 

Deputy Comptroller, Robert L. Swann, initiated the unveiling ceremony, and was followed by several distinguished speakers. Governor Parris N. Glendening addressed the guests with words of praise for Goldstein, as did William Donald Schaefer, present Comptroller, Richard N. Dixon, Treasurer, and Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr., President of the Senate. Each speaker
reflected on fond memories of Goldstein, who passed away last year. At the conclusion of the ceremony, Goldstein's children, Philip and Louisa, unveiled the portrait to the delight of the many in attendance. 

(Part I of Three Parts) 
by Pat Melville 

Throughout the Civil War period the federal government and the states struggled with the problem of acquiring the soldiers and sailors needed in the military. Some of the methods used by Maryland officials to raise troops are revealed through the records of the Adjutant General. 

In all states at various times throughout the conflict, volunteer enlistment dragged. This was particularly true in Maryland whose citizenry largely supported the Union and were economically tied to it. But they manifested little inclination to battle for the cause. There were areas within the state - the six most southern counties of the Western Shore and parts of the Eastern Shore - who by kinship, tradition, and dependence on slave labor were attached to the South. Nonetheless thousands of young men, white and later black, served the national government. Far fewer actually fought for the Confederacy, but their families were more gentile and vocal. Officially Maryland was a Union state, but the rebels are best remembered.

President Abraham Lincoln's first call for 75,000 volunteers was made a few days after the bombardment of Fort Sumter. The War Department determined the number of volunteers expected from each state according to population. Maryland's quota was set at 3,123 men; it was never met. Until the end of the war, Maryland with one exception failed to meet any federal quotas.

In July 1862 the United States government called on the states for the recruitment of 300,000 men for three-year terms of service. Maryland's quota was set at 8,532.

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Lack of adequate response let to the issuance of another nationwide call in August lowering the time of service to nine months. Quotas remained the same. Any state not fulfilling its quota was required to institute a draft. War Department regulations called for each state to conduct an enrollment of able bodied male citizens between the ages of eighteen and forty-five. Exemptions were allowed for men already serving in the military, performing certain jobs such as railroad engineer or postmaster, or having physical disabilities. Anyone drafted had the right to furnish a qualified substitute. 

The first draft was set for September 3, 1862, but in Maryland was postponed three times and finally conducted on October 15. Earlier on August 26 Maryland's quota had been reduced to 6,000. In the end Maryland furnished only 3,586 men. Despite all the problems - constant communiques from Washington and complains and threats from Marylanders - the Adjutant General's office completed the enrollment. It formed the basis for subsequent drafts and to keep count of the Maryland militia until enactment of a new militia act in 1864.

On March 3, 1863, the U. S. Congress passed its first conscription act whereby all able bodied male citizens and foreigners who had declared intentions to become citizens were subject to the draft. The federal provost marshall general conducted the draft. Draftees could provide qualified substitutes or buy their way out of service by paying a commutation fee of $300. A bounty of $100 was paid to each volunteer, draftee, and substitute. The federal bounty was paid in addition to any authorized by state or local governments. Maryland did provide for a bounty system in 1864. The federal conscription act was inherently inequitable since it excluded anyone with the means to buy his way out of service. However, it did furnish men for the Union army.

Few blacks served in the military in the early months of the Civil War. Some states did have blacks in their militia and among their volunteers, and federal law authorized their enrollment. But this had not yet occurred in Maryland. Some citizens urged the recruitment of blacks since the number of white volunteers was inadequate. The War Department finally agreed to the recruitment of free blacks and slaves of rebels in late July 1863. Free blacks flocked to the recruiting office in Baltimore. 

On October 1 the War Department ordered the recruitment not only of free blacks but also slaves of loyal Marylanders. Opponents of black recruitment were powerless to protest. Besides, parts of the order appealed to officials and citizens. Loyal masters would be paid $300 for each able bodied slave enlisted in Union service. Better yet, black soldiers would be counted as part of the Maryland quota.

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In the call issued March 14, 1864, Maryland at last filled her quota; 4,317 were required and 9,365 appeared for duty. Federal and state 

bounties for both black and white enlistments probably made the difference. In February the General Assembly had consented to the payment of bounties to Maryland recruits, both black and white. Owners who freed their slaves for military service also received a stipend.