The Archivists' BULLDOG

Vol. 4, No. 1
2 January 1990

Record Series of the Week Ben Primer Bureau of Vital Statistics (Baptisms, Washington County) 1816-1940. M-413, M-541, M-542.

In putting away a roll of Miscellaneous microfilm this week I happened on an index and records prepared by WPA workers under Project 7114 during 1940-1942 which is described in the Annual Reports of the State Board of Health. The project was a trial index of baptismal records in Washington County for use in speeding applications for delayed births.

A camera operator was sent to Washington County to film church baptismal registers (M-413). The film includes various complete church registers for 15 of the older churches in the county (principally in Hagerstown) as well as an assortment of family Bibles, voter registration records and school records filmed as proof of age for selected individuals (Vital Statistics was also experimenting with film for supplying the types of records used to produce delayed birth certificates).

In any event, the registers were subsequently indexed into a Soundex card index and then filmed. We have F-650 (part of) through Z on M-541 and M-542; presumably the rest of the index has been lost although one might want to check with the public library in Hagerstown. The positive copies that we have are in reasonably good condition, but there is no master negative and presumably DHMH has long since lost its master film and tossed the card index so we probably need to do something about preservation of this and other M film for which there are no masters.

Needless to say this is an incredibly rich source of information on Washington County births and baptisms; note that the Catholic registers are not restricted. The churches [all are Hagerstown unless indicated] and years covered are as follows:

Asbury Methodist, 1883-1908

Christ Reformed, 1904-1919

Grace United Brethren, 1906-1916

Hagerstown Presbyterian, 1858-1925

St. John's Episcopal, 1816-1940

St. John's Lutheran, 1861-1916

St. John's Reformed [Clearspring], 1874-1910

St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran, 1890-1924

St. Mary's Catholic, 1871-1919

St. Paul's Evangelical, 1899-1913

St. Paul's Lutheran [Western Pike, Clearspring Parish], 1908-1919

[St. Paul's?] Methodist, 1879-1940

St. Peter's Lutheran [Clearspring], 1875-1915

Trinity Lutheran, 1870-1940

Zion Reformed, 1866-1940

Also on the same film are Walker, Barnes and Ditmer family Bibles and baptismal and school records for Roger Harlan Shoop.

Index of the Week Rick Blondo

Index 1 - (Probate Records-Index) 1635-1777

The indexes to probate records are divided into two categories, Prerogative Court records and County records. Two sets of probate records were maintained during the period preceding

the implementation of the first Maryland State Constitution, in 1777. Until then, probate business was conducted at the capital by the central agency which for most of the Colonial period was known as the Prerogative Court.

The presiding officer of the Court was the Commissary General. A Deputy Commissary

was appointed for each county. When any probate record was brought into the office of a Deputy Commissary, he recorded the instrument in his own books. Periodically he would send the papers filed in his office to the Prerogative Court where the instruments were again recorded.

The records of Anne Arundel County were not kept separate from the records of the Prerogative Court. Therefore, the records of the Prerogative Court (excepting Anne Arundel County Probate Records and the Proceedings of the Prerogative Court) were duplicated by the records of the Deputy Commissaries in the counties. Instruments may sometimes be found in one set of records which do not appear in the other. These omissions were caused by accident, custodial neglect, or other causes.

The Prerogative Court was abolished in 1777. Since that time probate matters have been handled at the county level by the Register of Wills and Orphans' Court. No central probate recording office has functioned since the adoption of the first State Constitution.

For additional information on the Prerogative Court and this index see Gust Skordas, "Prerogative Court Records of Maryland" in Elizabeth Hartsook and Gust Skordas, Land Office and Prerogative Court Records of Colonial Maryland (1946).

The Indexes

Prerogative Court Probate Records exist for the sixteen counties formed prior to 1777 in Maryland. These were:

Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Dorchester, Frederick, Harford, Kent, Prince George's, Queen Anne's, St. Mary's, Somerset, Talbot, Worcester

The other seven counties and Baltimore City were formed later from one or more of the above-listed counties. Probate Records from these latter jurisdictions are to be found only with the records from that jurisdiction.

The names indexed are those of decedents, except for Accounts, where there are listings for the executors and administrators(designated by an asterisk).

There are volume indexes to all of these records kept in the stacks which may be consulted if a name does not appear in the card index, and most individual volumes also have indexes within them.

Prerogative Court Probate Records in Index 1:

Wills (Recorded), 1635-1777

Wills (Original), 1666-1777

Inventories and Accounts (Liber Z), 1638-1642

Inventories and Accounts (in T.P.), 1657-1674

Inventories and Accounts, 1674-1718

Inventories, 1718-1777

Accounts, 1718-1777

Balance Books, 1751-1777

Testamentary Papers, 1659-1777

Testamentary Proceedings, 1657-1777

County Probate Records in Index 1:

[Note that many of these series continue on after 1777 in Index 3. For information on Index 3 see BULLDOG, Vol. 2, No. 45.]

Baltimore County:

(Administration Accounts, Original) 1674-1777

(Inventories, Original) 1676-1777

(Wills, Original) 1664-1777

Caroline County:

(Administration Accounts, Original) 1695-1777

(Administration Bonds, Original) 1675-1777

(Inventories, Original) 1690-1777

(Wills, Original) 1688-1777

Cecil County:

(Administration Accounts, Original) 1678-1777

(Inventories, Original) 1675-1777

Charles County:

(Administration Accounts) 1673-1777

(Inventories) 1673-1877

(Testamentary Proceedings) 1716-1720, 1760-1767

(Wills) 1665-1777

Frederick County:

(Administration Accounts) 1750-1777

(Inventories, Original) 1748-1777

(Wills, Original) 1748-1777

Kent County:

(Administration Accounts, Original) 1673-1777

(Administration Bonds, Original) 1664-1777 (Inventories, Original) 1668-1777(Wills, Original) 1676-1777

Prince Georges County:

(Administration Accounts, Original) 1723-1724, 1735-1740

(Administration Bonds, Original) 1696-1777

(Inventories, Original) 1696-1777

(Wills, Original) 1697-1777

Queen Anne's County:

(Administration Papers) 1707-1777

(Wills, Original) 1667-1777

Somerset County:

(Administration Accounts, Original) 1751-1777

(Wills, Original) 1664-1777

Talbot County:

(Wills) 1668-1716, 1726-1746

(Wills, Original) 1665-1777

Washington County:

(Wills) 1749-1777 (recorded from Frederick County)

Worcester County:

(Wills) 1742-1777

Note: Wills volume MH#3 (1666-1742) is not indexed in Index 1

Vol. 4, No. 3
16 January 1990

Record Series of the Week Pat Melville

(Executive Orders) 1963-1968

An executive order, issued by the Governor, is an announcement that some action will be taken to contend with a certain situation. A proclamation, by contrast, announces that a certain state of affairs exists, such as Dairy Week or Boy Scouts Day. Examples of executive orders include creation of commissions or task forces, calling out the National Guard to quell a disturbance, measures to deal with an energy crisis, and promulgation of a code of ethics for state employees.

Executive orders can be found in several sources. Orders issued from 1974 to the present are published in COMAR and the Maryland Register. Ones currently in effect are published in the Annotated Code of Maryland. Orders prior to 1974 are formed in records of the Secretary of State and Governor, which do include the more recent documents. SECRETARY OF STATE (Executive Orders), Transer 892, contains two sets of files. One box, located 3-67-13-31, contains the original documents for 1969-1986; some of the early ones are copies. This is the only extensive set of records containing originals. The others described below are mostly copies which should be consulted when a document is not found in the original file. A second box of orders from the Secretary of State includes copies for 1969-1980. Both sets are arranged chronologically by date of issuance. Beginning in 1976 the orders are numbered sequentially, i.e. 1976.01, 1976.02, etc.

Within GOVERNOR (General File) Transer 849 are more copies of executive orders. The orders in this series are not restricted because they were notices available to the public. Some of the files contain background material which are working papers and thus fall within the 30-year restriction. Gov. Hughes' files for 1985-1986 contain three boxes of orders, located 0-17-4-37/39. Box 31 includes a file labeled Master List which contains some copies of orders, 1963-1976, and alphabetical lists of orders, 1963-1986. Another file labeled originals contains an incomplete set of originals and copies for 1968-1976. In Boxes 32 and 33 are copies of orders for 1968-1986, arranged alphabetically by subject. These files contain background materials which should not circulate. Boxes 31 and 32 also contain copies of orders of 1985-1986.

Gov. Schaefer's files contain copies of orders for 1969-1985 in Boxes 135-138, located 0-60-1-15/18. The files are arranged numerically by year and include some working papers that are restricted. Boxes 38 and 64 contain executive order files for 1987-1988, including some restricted materials.

Executive orders were not used prior to 1963. Instead the matters were handled through executive letters, found in GOVERNOR (General File) Transer 849. To locate these one should consult the appropriate subject or agency file.

Vol. 4, No. 5
29 January 1990


Bode, Carl Mencken 9-3-6

Mullaney, Marie Marmo Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United Sttes 1983-1988 16-4-4

Stowe, Steven M. Intimacy and Power in the Old South: Ritual in the Lives of the Planters 13-3-6

Hargrove, Hondon B. Black Union Soldiers in the Civil War 15-1-2

Anderson, William G. The Price of Liberty: The Public Debt of the American Revolution 14-4-2

Smith, Paul H. Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789 Volume 13: June 1 - September 30, 1779 13-4-2

Neverdon-Morton, Cynthia Afro-American Women of the South and the Advancement 12-4-1

Baltimore County Genealogical Society Abstracts of the Baltimore Coutny Land Commissions 1727-1762 3-1-1

Freeman, Roland L. The Arabbers of Baltimore 10-2-5

Mowbray, William W. The Eastern Shore Baseball League 9-2-1

Rollo, Vera Foster The Proprietorship of Maryland: A Documented Account 8-3-1

Davis, David Brian Slavery in the Colonial Chesapeake 8-4-3

Kaminski, John P. A Great and Good Man: George Washington in the Eyes of His Contemporaries 9-4-4

Library of Congress Annual Report of the Librarian of Congress for the Fiscal Year Ending Sept. 30, 1988 7-3-3

Stevens, Kristen L. An Investigation of the Archaeological Resources Associated with the Brown's Wharf Site on... 8-2-4

Beach, John Glen Burnie Centennial - Year in Review 9-4-6

Watson, Alan D. The Constitution and North Carolina: Rebellion, Rights, and Ratification, 1776-1789 16-3-2

Cavanagh, John C. Decision at Fayette Ratification Convention and General Assembly of 1789 16-3-2

Goldenberg, Joseph A. Shipbuilding in Colonial America (Museum Publication No. 33) 16-4-2

Breen, T. H. "Myne Owne Ground" Race and Freedom on Virginia's Eastern Shore, 1640-1676 16-3-4

Tate, Thad W. The Negro in Eighteenth-Century Williamsburg 16-3-4

Bloom, Sol The Story of The Constitution 14-3-1

Mackinnon, Neil This Unfriendly Soil: The Loyalist Experience in Nova Scotia 1783-1791 14-4-3

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1774-1777 3-1-2

Lankford, Wilmer O. Genealogical Data from Somerset County, Maryland Court Records 1675-1677 3-1-1

Boyce-Ballweber, Hettie The First People of Maryland 8-1-5

Byrne, John Edward The News from Harper's Ferry; The Press As Lens and Prism for John Brown's Raid (Ph.D. Dissertation) 9-1-2

Jarobe, Betty M. Obituaries: A Guide to Sources, 2nd edition REF

Skelton, Dorothy G. Simmons The Squire Simmons Family 1746-1986 REF

Peach, John Harding The Peach Tree Handbook Volume II: Southern Maryland Branch REF

Coone, Lucille Barco The Livingtons of Virginia Volume I REF

Hall, Margaret On Display: A Design Grammar for Museum Exhibitions Rick's office

O'Connor, Diane Vogt Guide to Photographic Collections at the Smithsonian Institution, Volume I: National Museum of Ameri Mame's office

Bridenbaugh, Carl Vexed and Troubled Englishmen 1590-1642: The Beginnings of the American People Phoebe's office

Bridenbaugh, Carl Vexed and Troubled Englishmen 1590-1642: The Beginnings of the American People Shashi's office

Reamy, Bill and Martha Records of St. Paul's Parish REF

Floyd, Bianca P. Records and Recollections: Early History In Prince George's County, Maryland 12-4-3

Crew, Spencer R. Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915-1940 12-4-2

Smith, James Wesley Sojourners in Search of Freedom: The Settlement of Liberia by Black Americans 12-4-2

Colonial Records of Virginia (Senate Document - Extra) 7-1-2

Duff, Jeffrey Michael Guide to Kentucky Birth, Marriage, and Death Records 1852-1910, Revised Edition 6-3-2

Minnesota Hisotrical Society Annual Report to the Friends of the Minnesota Historial Society 6-3-1

Hayward, Mary Ellen Baltimore's Westminster Cemetery and Westminster Presbyterian Church: A Guide to the Markers and Bur 3-1-5

Harper, Irma Heirs and Legatees of Caroline County 3-1-1

Peden, Henry C. Heirs and Legatees of Harford County, Maryland 1774-1802 3-1-1

Stryker-Rodda, Harriet Understanding Colonial Handwriting 3-3-3

Kaminkow, Jack and Marion A List of Emigrants from England to America 1718-1759, New Edition 3-2-3

Lebsock, Suzanne Virginia Women, 1600-1945 "A Slave of Honour" 16-4-3

Dobyns, Henry F. Their Number Become Thinned: Native American Population Dynamics in Eastern North America 15-4-5

Hoffman, Ronald The Economy of Early America: The Revolutionary Period 14-4-3

Cornish, Dudley Taylor The Sable Arm: Black Troops in the Union Army, 1861-1865 15-1-2

Diocese of Washington Directory of the Episcopal Diocese of Washington and Journal of the 94th Annual Convention 12-3-2

The Baltimore Museum of Art Maryland Period Rooms 8-3-4

Brown, Jacob Brown's Miscellaneous Writings Upon a Great Variety of Subjects 9-2-3

Dollarhide, William Managing a Genealogical Project 2-1-2

Wright, F. Edward Newspaper Abstracts of Cecil and Harford Counties 1822-1830 3-3-1

Hovermill, Harry A. Indices to Cecil County, Maryland Marriage Licenses 1865-1885 2-1-5

Carroll County Genealogical Society Carroll County Cemeteries, Volume I: Southeast 3-1-6

McCahill, Michael W. Order and Equipoise: The Peerage and the House of Lords 1783-1806 2-1-4

Lederer, Richard M., Jr. Colonial American English 1-1-4

Barnes, John C. Somerset County, Maryland 1870 Census 3-3-2

Wright, F. Edward Caroline County 1860 Census 3-3-2

Molisani, Jackie 1860 Census of Dorchester County, Maryland 3-3-2

Riley, Janet Wilson 1860 Census of Talbot County, Maryland 3-3-2



SECRETARY OF STATE (Proclamations)

Stagser 92, 1904-1969

Transer 876, 1952-1961, 1964-1972

Transerm 118, 1900-1961

A proclamation, issued by the Governor, announces that a certain state of affairs exists or will exist. Copies of the proclamations are filed with the Secretary of State. Except for election results, the originals are sent to the organization or individual who requested the proclamation.

The proclamations are arranged chronological by date of issuance. The election results for 1904-1964 proclaimed by the Governor are filed separately from the rest of the series and are found in Stagser 92. The rest of the proclamations for 1900-1941 are found only on microfilm, for 1942-1969 both on film and paper, and 1970-1972 paper only. The paper files for 1951-1961 also contain some background materials.

The topics covered by proclamations include declaring election results, convening of special legislative sessions, designating disaster areas, declaring state holidays during times of energy shortages, and giving notice of forfeiture of charters of delinquent corporations, those which failed to pay taxes or file annual reports.

Other proclamations designate Arbor Day, Polish Constitution Day, Autumn Glory Time in Western Maryland, Youth Traffic Safety Week, George Washington Carver Day, National Beauty Salon Day, Horseradish Week, Egg Month, and Better Sleep Month.

Vol. 4, No. 6
5 February 1990


In order to refine our already well-developed reference skills we must continue to communicate information to each other so that the same facts can be relayed to researchers as the need arises. Even as the archives continues to develop finding aids, some research strategies come only from the staff members who possess a greater knowledge of selected record series, the collective but unwritten memories. The purpose of this column on research notes is to disseminate this knowledge and information. As you encounter interesting, unusual, and challenging research questions whether in the search room or by letter or phone, I am asking that you share the queries and the responses by writing a paragraph or two for inclusion in this column. Remember that all of us regardless of experience encounter unique bits of information.

One recent research project involves a study of survival rates of mothers and infants and determining whether the presence of a physician at childbirth made any difference in comparison to the presence of a midwife. The researcher wanted to use birth and death records of the late 19th and early 20th centuries for selected counties. After explaining the availability of records and access to restricted records, the researcher was directed to use annual reports of the Board of Health in order to determine if its statistics would be useful and to ascertain which counties were complying with the birth registration law and thus to select statistically valid jurisdictions. The question of licensing of midwives was also raised. The archives possesses several midwife registers in the county and BC circuit court records; others remain in the clerks' offices.

Vol. 4, No. 7
12 January 1990

Index of the Week Pat Melville

Index 102 - Maryland Historical Magazine (Index - Author, Title and Subject) 1906-1939

Index 103 - Maryland Historical Magazine

(Index - Author), 1906-1975

Index 104 - Maryland Historical Magazine

(Index - Title and Subject), 1906-1975

Index 105 - Maryland Historical Magazine

(Index - Author, Title and Subject), 1906-1960

The Archives has three sets of indexes to articles and book reviews in the Maryland Historical Magazine. The history of how, why, and when these indexes were created is vague, as is the means by which the indexes came to be located here.

The checklist of indexes gives the dates 1906-1919 for Index 102. The latter date is actually 1939. In addition, the index is incomplete as it includes only A through S. It is believed that the indexing was done by the Historical Records Survey. There are cards for authors, titles and subjects; some give a synopsis of the article referenced. Users should note that nor all articles are indexed by both author and title. As with any subject index, sometimes one must be creative in determining how a topic is indexed. References give volume number, year of publication and page numbers.

Indexes 103 and 104 include the years 1906 to 1975, with the former covering authors and the latter titles and subjects. The subject entries are limited to the information derived from titles. Frank White, a former staff member compiled the indexes from the mid - 1960's until 1975. Who prepared the earlier entries and how the cards came to the archives is unknown. References give volume number, year of publication and page number.

Index 105, located in the stacks, cover the year 1906 to 1960 and include entries for authors, titles, and subjects. These cards probably came from the Maryland Historical Society. This index has the most comprehensive subject listings because the categories, including names, are derived from the contents of the articles rather than just the tiles. For genealogists this index provides the most references to names of individuals and families. References give volume numbers and page numbers.

MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE indexes after 1975 are found in the last issue for each year. In addition, the Maryland Historical Society maintains a cumulative card index that dates from 1976 and is based on the volume indexes.

Vol. 4, No. 8
20 February 1990


This week a genealogist was here using Court of Appeals records. The procedures for using these materials were described previously in the BULLDOG, Vol. 1, Nos. 11, 13-14, and 28. The docket entry for the case being researched was dated 1822 and contained a reference, "recorded TH No. 21." Since the case was appealed from an orphans court, I assumed the record would be found in (Decree Record, Western Shore) which I soon ascertained did not begin until 1844. (Judgment Record, Western Shore) was then checked because this is the only other Court of Appeals series containing recorded proceedings. From this exercise we learn that all recorded Court of Appeals cases, regardless of type, prior to 1844 are recorded in the judgment series.

Connie reports that another researcher wanted a disposition for a 1971 criminal charge. No references has been found in indexes for the District Court, BC or BC Criminal Court. However, because the charge was a felony something should have occurred at the circuit court level. A search of grand jury dockets revealed that the grand jury did not indict the individual. When this action is taken, the only record of it appears in grand jury dockets. If a person is indicted, the criminal docket or case file of the circuit court must be searched. Normally researchers discover that they need these documents because a district court docket notes referral to a grand jury. The archives has the following (Grand Jury Docket):

AA Circuit Court, 1948-1950, Transer 1157

BC Criminal Court, 1868-1973, Transer 494

SO Circuit Court, 1939-1967, Transer 778

Vol. 4, No. 9
26 February 1990



(Proceedings, Tape Recordings)

1988-1989 Stagser 45


(Laws, Original)

1989 Stagser 966

(Joint Resolutions)

1989 Stagser 967


(Race Track Audits)

1920-1953 Stagser 1270



(Death Record, Fetal)

1949-1969Coagser 2097

(Death Record, Fetal, Index)

1916-1934Coagser 2098



1793Coagser 1793


(Equity Papers)

1883Coagser 2099



(Death Record, Fetal, Counties)

1922-1949 Stagser 1271



(Death Record, Fetal, Counties)

1953-1969 Stagser 1272


(Death Record, Fetal, Counties)

1969 Stagser 1273

Index of the Week Jane McWilliams

ANNAPOLIS-MARYLAND GAZETTE (Annapolis Items-Index), 1745-1809

Want to know have how badly the 1772 earthquake affected Annapolis? How about the "invisible lady" who was exhibiting at the house of William Brewer in October 1804? Interested in the electrical experiment across the creek in 1749? Or are you, like Alex Haley, trying to find the arrival of the ship Lord Ligonier from Gambia in 1767?

The first place to look for all these interesting bits of history is the Maryland Gazette, Annapolis' own guide to the colonial world. And to help you or our patrons get to the Annapolis items in the Gazette, the Archives has the one and only Index 106, "A guide to the Annapolis items in the Maryland Gazette, 1745-roughly 1809."

The Maryland Gazette was established in 1727 by William Parks (who later went to Williamsburg and started the Virginia Gazette). It was printed sporadically during the late 1720s and early 30s, and was revived by Jonas Green in 1745. The Green family continued to publish until 1839. Wroth gives a good history of the colonial Gazette in his History of Printing in Colonial Maryland (in Les's office). There is also a history by Helen Van Walt on microfilm (M530) and another history of the paper after 1839 by me in the gift collection. (Mrs. Van Walt thinks the Capital is the direct descendent of the Gazette; I don't.) We also have a topic file on the Gazette, G1456-655, various individual issues in Speccol, and yet another history in the library index. A pretty complete set of the original printers' bound copies of the Parks and Green Gazette is owned by the State Law Library. The Archives has the newspaper on microfilm (M1007, M1278-M1291).

Index 106 was an attempt by the newly-formed Historic Annapolis, Inc, through the impetus and work of Phebe Jacobson, their only real researcher at that time, to get a quick handle on Annapolis history. In 1958, Phebe began to abstract the Annapolis references from the Gazette - anything relating to Annapolis in the text or advertisements was pulled out. It soon became obvious to her that the abstracted details had to be indexed so people could get to them even more quickly. At that time there were only a few secondary sources of information on Annapolis houses and people - most of them unreliable. Historic Annapolis Chairwoman St. Clair Wright prevailed on the Speer Foundation (Talbot T. Speer was the publisher of the Evening Capital and the yet-again-revived Maryland Gazette) to fund an indexing project that would make the Gazette's information on Annapolis available to all.

Phebe began the work and trained others, including Sarah Jane Rose, who was a summer intern on the project and later did abstracting when her children were little. I began abstracting in 1965 and Phebe's daughter-in-law did the cards. To date, newspapers are abstracted through 1820 and the abstracts are indexed through 1809. A copy of some of the abstracts is here in SPECCOL MdHR G 708.

Although all of us who worked on the project have argued for doing a complete job, as was done with the Virginia Gazette, there was never enough money. So, we have what is available. It is better than nothing.

Guidelines for use of this index:

1) If the index does not contain what you or a patron want or think it should, do not assume it doesn't exist, it may be that someone missed the item, the card is gone, whatever.

2) Remember, only items and people relating to Annapolis are indexed. (A few other things squeaked through, but don't count on them.)

3) The purpose of the index was to help with identification of buildings in town, therefore the thrust of the index is toward houses and people, not philosophical or literary debates.


Found in FR Court (Land Records) F, p. 84, is the following deposition given by Hannah Cresap, wife of Thomas Cresap, recorded October 5, 1756.

"Sometime in the spring in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred Fifty and Four, A gang of horses came up to the door of the Dwelling house of the ofsd. Col. Thomas Cresap and that a certain Michael Cresap, son of Daniel Cresap, aged four years or thereabout, going out of the house of the afsd. Thomas in order to go into another house a small stallion came in amongst the gang and got a fighting and the said stallion ran and catched ahold of the lower part of the ear of the said Michael in his teeth and bit it entirely off to the great damage and hurt of him the said Michael and that she this deponent ran as fast as she could to save him thinking he had been killed and found his ear bit off and also found the piece that was bit off lying on the ground.

Does anyone know why it was deemed important to record this document? Responses, if any, will be printed in the next BULLDOG. The correct answer will also be given.

Vol. 4, No. 10
5 March 1990


A recent research question involved the establishment of election districts in Anne Arundel County and the citations for specific laws. The researcher was referred to Edward B. Mathews, The Counties of Maryland: Their Origin, Boundaries, and Election Districts (Maryland Geological Survey Special Publication, Vol. VI, Part V, 1907), rather than the index to laws. This book is very useful for people wanting information about the establishment and boundaries of both counties and election districts within each county.

In the introduction Mathews discusses the origin of county names and the times and methods of erecting counties, election districts, and precincts. Election districts were first authorized in 1798 by the General Assembly. The law specified the number of districts for each county. A subsequent law appointed commissioners to survey the district boundaries. (Some of these surveys have been found in land records; others have never been located.) Mathews summarizes the means of changes for later years. Usually the General Assembly mandated increases in the number of districts or changes in boundaries. A few counties received a general power to erect and change their own districts or precincts.

The rest of book contains specific information about each county, arranged alphabetically. Mathews discusses the erection of the county and its boundaries, including subsequent changes. He then outlines chronologically the development of election districts, polling places, and precincts by citing and summarizing each law.

Numerous color plates showing the counties for blocks of time appear throughout the book.

This publication should be used with great care because some pages are loose and others are tearing.


Ann Buckley determined the reason for recording a deposition about Michael Cresap's ear being bit off by a horse. Justices in colonial Maryland could order that people convicted of certain crimes have an ear cut off. Thus, Hannah Cresap was trying to protect her grandson from being labeled a criminal when he reached adulthood.

Found in Governor and Council (Commission Record), MdHR 4010, p. 272, is the following entry for an office: "Special Commission. Ded: Pots and General Gaol Delivery for FR." If anyone can decipher this notation, please contact Lynne or Pat and the answer will appear in the BULLDOG. This is a real question, not a test.

Vol. 4, No. 11
12 March 1990


Nancy notes the maps in Mathews, Counties of Maryland are reproduced in The Hammond-Harwood Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908.


Doug McElrath and Lois Carr supplied the answer to last week's query about Ded. Pots. It is an abbreviation for Dedimus Potestatem, defined in Black's Law Dictionary as follows: "In old English practice, a writ or commission issuing out of chancery, empowering the persons named therein to perform certain acts, as to administer oaths to defendants in chancery and take their answers, to administer oaths of office to justices of the peace, etc. 3 Bl.Comm. 447. It was anciently allowed for many purposes not now in use, as to make an attorney, to take the acknowledgment of a fine, etc.

In the United States, a commission to take testimony was sometimes termed a "dedimus potestatem."

Vol. 4, No. 12
9 March 1990



(Campaign Papers) 1984 Transer 280

(Voter Registration Record) 1984-1988 Transer 281


(Voter Registration Record) 1983-1988 Transer 265



(Student Files, Nonpublic Schools) 1932-1979 Transer 1547


(Writs of Certiorari) 1988 Transer 1214

Vol. 4, No. 13
26 March 1990


G 2177 Fox and Walsh "History of Maryland" Publication Collection 1982-1983 Correspondence 0 11 9 Staff use only

G 2178 Conservation and Preservation Photograph Collection 1982- Photographs relating to conservation and preservation techniques 33

G 2179 Mylander Family Collection 1906 Bromley Atlas of Baltimore City B5 Do not circulate

G 2180 Shirley S. Brannock Collection 1758-1762 Dorchester County Patents: "Addition to Hills Range," Thomas Jones, 1762, "Jones's Draft," Thomas Jones, 1761, "Hills Range," Thomas Jones, 1758 B5

G 2181 Stu Whelan, Photographer, Collection 1955-1970 c. Black and white negatives. Whelan had a studio at 1 State Circle 33 Negatives are restricted. See Photograph Guides.

G 2182 Maryland State House Old Senate Chamber Restoration Collection 1989 Presentation boards (2) of before and after photographs of restoration 0 11 8 Permission of MdCAP Curator or State Archivist

D 2183 Richard Krebs Collection of Papers 1931951 Personal papers of Richard Krebs, German born Communist who fled to the U.S., cooperated with Committee on Un-American Activities and author of "Out of the Night" 1 21 2 Restricted. See deposit agreement

G 2184 Stiverson Collection of Research Materials Related to Special Projects for the Governor's Office 1985 to date Permission of GAS

G 2185 Robert L. Weinberg Collection 1931 16mm film of Miles River Regatta taken aboard Gov. Ritchie's yacht. Collection includes 16mm film projector given by ECP 33 Permission of State Archivist or Curator of Photographs

G 2186 Senator Mike Miller Exhibit Case Collection 1990 Glass and black lacquer display case, 14'x14'x21', with removable black lacquer stand inside, back lined with gold Japanese tea chest paper 0 55 4 For in-house use

G 2187 William Medders Store & Co. Collection 1894-1941 Correspondence, receipts and invoices from Kent County General Store 0 8 10

G 2188 Annapolis Architecture Photograph Collection 1940's Photographs of colonial homes and public buildings 33 Permission of Curator of Photographs

G 2189 Maryland Scenes Photograph Collection 1949 Photographs and 4x5" negatives of sailing, Annapolis, Easton, Oxford, Wye Oak, Baltimore, Frederick Permission of Curator of Photographs

G 2190 Francis W. Poirier Collection of Photographs 1939 c. United States Naval Academy, Navy planes, Washington, D.C. Permission of Curator of Photographs

G 2191 Chesapeake Bay Skipjack Photograph Collection 1960 c. Photographs taken by unknown photographer for the Department of Tourism 33 Permission of Curator of Photographs

G 2192 Marion E. Warren Chrisfield Crab Derby Collection 1963 c. Derby festivities, parade, beauty contest 33 Permission of Curator of Photographs

G 2193 Miriam Jones Collection of Annapolis Photographs 1915-1930 c. Three albums of snapshots 33 Permission of Curator of Photographs

D 2194 Murray Collection 1676 Francis Lamb, "A Map of Maryland and Virginia" B5 4 7 Must notify owner if used in publication

D 2195 St. Christopher by the Sea, Gibson Island, Church Record Collection 1963-1989 Church register 2 1 10

D 2196 Anderton Collection of Dorchester County Land Records 1670-1800 Patents and deeds from Dorchester County Do not circulate originals

G 2197 Mrs. Thomas Leitch Collection 1894 c. Two tin type photographs of unidentified Civil War? black soldiers. Notice of non-payment to Sheridan Post No. 12, Grand Army of the Republic for Horace Lucas Do not circulate originals

G 2198 Carlos Harley Collection 1908-1950, 1990 Color prints of old photographs of Butler, Proctor and Harley family. Family genealogy "The Harley Family" 33

G 2199 Jean Lee Eareckson Collection of Dr. Upton Scott Letters 1741-1814 Transcription of letters of Dr. Upton Scott, prominent Annapolis physician and Loyalist 0 11

D 2200 Senator Barbara Hoffman Collection 1897 Copies of poster-type photograph of Baltimore Orioles baseball team members and the All American baseball team 33

D 2201 Junior Gunpowder Agricultural Club Collection 2 1 10 Do not circulate originals

G 2202 Daniel J. Dienes Collection 1981/8/7 Final issue of the Washington Star newspaper 0 11 9

G 2203 Mrs. John L. Sanders Collection 1907 Letter, James Ryder Randall to Maud Tanner Heath. Newspaper clipping with portrait of Randall. Horoscope-like prediction for 15 year old Randall. Transcript of letter from Maud Heath concerning Randall 0 11 9

G 2204 Elroy G. Boyer Collection 1841- Fourteen ledgers of drug store accounts from estate of Alonzo Sterling. Includes records of his predecessor, Dr. Bengie Simmons 0 8 10

G 2205 Eugene C. Harvey Collection 1927-1964 Publications on Frank Kelly, prohibition, B & O Railroad, Baltimore water supply and Anne Arundel County bond issues 0 11 9

D 2206 Tom Darden "Famous Leaders and Battle Scenes of the Civil War" Collection 1896 Frank Leslie's Illustrated Famous Leaders and Battle Scenes of the Civil War 0 11 9 Permission of State Archivist

G 2207 Washington Post Collection of State House Graphics 1990/1/5 Eight 35mm negatives and prints of Senate Chamber, Old Senate Chamber, Taney statue 33 Permission of Artistic Property Curator

G 2208 Philadelphia Maritime Museum Library Collection 8 x 10' nitrate negatives Permission of Curator of Photographs

D 2209 Frank B. Mayer Sketchbook Collection Three sketchbooks on deposit for copying 0 11 9 Do not circulate originals

Index of the Week Pat Melville

Index 112 - (Plats, Index), var. d.

The plats index includes references to plats found in several record series. In some respects this is an eclectic index because so many entries were made whenever a staff member happened to find a plat and then prepare an index card. The records where such indexing occurred include the following: Maps; Special Collections; (Chancery Record); (Land Records) of AL, AA, BA, CA, CE, CH, DO, FR, HA, KE, MO, PG, QA, TA, WA, and WO; (Guardian Accounts) of AA; (Law Record) of the General Assembly; (Land Commissions) of CA, CE, DO, KE, PG, QA, SM, SO, and WO; (Land Commission Papers) and (Court Papers) of DO; (Estate Record) of MO; (Judgment Record) of QA and TA; (Judicial Record) of SO; and (Wills) of WA.

Some of the entries in Index 112 were compiled more systematically by examining all units within a series and then preparing index cards for each plat. The series thus comprehensively indexed include (Caveat Papers) and (Caveat Record) of the Land Office, (Division Plats), (Resurvey Plats), and AA (Plats). The last three series are also indexed in Wordcruncher under Plats.

Index 112 contains a set of index cards for each county and Baltimore City and lists names of tracts, lots, and individuals. Most entries date from the 19th century, with some from the 18th and 20th centuries. This index should be used with an understanding of its incompleteness. There are many other record series that contain plats, but are not included in the index.

Vol. 4, No. 14
2 April 1990


D 2210 Reisterstown United Methodist Church Record Collection

D 2211 Ann R. Morcerf Collection 1861-1863 c. Letters from Leonard Scheel in the Union Army in the Washington area to his mother in Long Island. 0 11 9 Do not circulate

D 2212 Jerome Allen Bible Collection Price Family Bible 0 11 9 Do not circulate

G 2213 Richard A. Blondo Sheet Music Collection Copy of sheet music "The Old Flag Never Touched the Ground," a piece of music dedicated to Sergeant Carney, a Black Union soldier of the 54th Massachusetts regiment (xerox) 0 11 9

G 2214 Maryland Presidents of the Senate Graphics Collection 4 x 5" black and white negatives of images of Presidents of the Maryland Senate 33 Permission of Curator of Photographs or Artistic Property

G 2215 Postcards Of Maryland State House Grounds Collection 1900-1935 c. Copy 4 x 5" Black and white negatives and 35 mm color slides 33 1 3 Handle as other negatives

G 2216 Pauline Porter Watts Collection 1774 Maryland $1.00 currency no. 6168 printed by A.C. and ? Green 0 11 9

G 2217 Gary Jestes Maryland Vietnam War Veterans Collection 1989? 1)List of Sykesville area Vietnam War Veterans. 2)Computer printout of Vietnam Veterans of America Chapters 172, 304, 245, 342, 230 (mostly Central through Western Maryland) 0 11 9

G 2218 Maryland State Law Library Collection 1934, 1950-1956 1)"Photographic Record of A Maryland Tercentenary Pilgrimage from Baltimore to St. Mary's City via Steamboat "State of Virginia." 2)Collection of maps and descriptions of materials as relates to the Mason-Dixon boundary resurvey 1950-1956 0 11 9

G 2219 Thurgood Marshall Research Collection 1989-1990 Research and other materials collected for Black History Month exhibit 0 11 9 in house use only

D 2220 International Longshoreman's Association Collection 1917-1950 Records of I.L.A. Local 858, a Black local. Minutes volumes 1938-1950, 1950-1956 and membership volumes 1917-1918, 1931-1940 RB Do not circulate

G 2221 Maryland State Archives Document Packets for Teachers Collection 1989-1990 Educational study packets on historical topics utilizing copies of original documents Permission of State Archivist

D 2222 First Lutheran Church of Ellicott City Collection



By Rick Blondo

On 5 February 1990 I took a call from Frank Mowery, the Head Conservator at the Folger Shakespeare Library, concerning a sketchbook he was conserving for the University of Maryland College Park. He identified it as the Point Lookout prison camp sketchbook done by a soldier named Omenhausser containing 62 watercolors. It was purchased at auction in 1989 by UMCP and Mowery called us for information concerning the camp.

I told him about Point Lookout Prison Camp for Confederates by Edwin Beitzell [Library 8-3-6], our topic file, and two letters I found in the Maryland State Papers while I was doing my thesis research [MARYLAND STATE PAPERS (Executive Papers) 6636-288; 1-8-1-39] one of which recounted an incident about a slave who sought refuge in the camp, was sent out to help chop wood, and was captured by his master. I finished by telling Mowery that I would confer with my colleagues and would contact him later.

I wrote a memo about the call and then asked Phebe if she had heard about the sketchbook. When she replied with exasperation "Oh, not another one of those again!" I knew I was about to enjoy a learning experience. She told me that there were a number of these sketchbooks around. To my amazement I later learned from Ed that we had a Point Lookout sketchbook here, a restricted deposit item in Special Collections. Susan gained permission from Ross Kimmel to share with Mowery an article he wrote concerning the Morris S. Bernheim Sketchbook which is on deposit here as D 1900. It appears that Omenhausser, a confederate prisoner, was the artist who did an initial sketchbook and then produced other sketchbooks for prisoners that he used as barter material to exchange for money, crackers, tobacco, et cetera. The Bernheim sketchbook we have here contains 23 sketches and Kimmel's article lists two others, the John J. Omenhausser sketchbook at the Maryland Historical Society containing 45 sketches (all reproduced in Beitzell's book in black and white) and the John R. Connor sketchbook at Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania. All three named individuals were known prisoners at Point Lookout. Lois Carr informed me that there were articles on the camp in the "Chronicles of St. Mary's" periodical.

On 27 February 1990, after my job interview at the National Archives, I visited Frank and he was happy to show me the sketchbook. After viewing the book I looked at color transparencies of the Bernheim book we have here and the artist appears to be the same. We will be getting slides of the UMCP book from Frank.

This was another example of how our pooled knowledge helped us to quickly provide reference help to a patron.

Vol. 4, No. 15
9 April 1990


Occasionally we receive requests for information about trade names, company names, corporate names, or names of businesses. Usually the person is setting up a business and wants to know if a certain name is already being used. There are two places to find this information for any one jurisdiction - Dept. of Assessments and Taxation and the county and Baltimore City circuit courts.

One source of information is the series of charter records for incorporated institutions. For unincorporated institutions there is a series called (Agency Record) which dates from 1922. A law passed then required business agents or any person(s) doing business under any designation other than ones own name(s) to file a certificate with the clerk of the circuit court where the business was conducted and with what is now DAT. The certificate, listing owner(s) and place and name of the business, was to be recorded in (Agency Record).

Since researchers usually want current information, it is best to refer them to DAT, Charter Division, or the appropriate circuit court.


Beach, Mark and Ken Russon Papers for Printing: How to Choose the Right Paper at the Right Price for Any Printing Job Rick's Office

Dunn, Richard S. Sugar and Slaves: The Rise of the Planter Class in the English West Indies, 1624-1713 16-2-3

Schweitzer, Mary M. Custom and Contract: Household, Government, and the Economy in Colonial Pennsylvania 16-3-2

Priest John Antietam: The Soldier's Battle 15-1-4

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era 15-1-4

Bailyn, Bernard Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution 13-3-3

Bailyn, Bernard The Peopling of British North America: An Introduction 13-3-3

Smith, Jeffery A. Printers and Press Freedom: The Ideology of Early American Journalism 9-1-2

Jaymes, Gerald David Branches Without Roots: Genesis of the Black Working Class in the American South, 1862-1882 12-4-2

Guide to Federal, County, Municipal Archives in the City of New York 6-2-6

Gregory, James Managing Archives and Archival Institutions 3-2-3

Youghiogheny Glades Chapter, National Society of the DAR Maryland's Garrett County Graves 3-1-6

Coldham, Peter Wilson American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1610-1857 3-1-5

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Somerset County Wills 1770-1777 and 1675-1710 Liber EB5 3-1-1

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Somerset County Wills 1667-1748 Liber EB9 3-1-1

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Worcester County Wills Will Book MH3 1666-1742 3-1-1

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Worcester County Inventories and Accounts 1694-1742 Inventory Book JW15 3-1-1

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Other Wills in the Prerogative Court for Somerset and Worcester Counties 1664-1775 3-1-1

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1755-1760 Libers 61-69 3-1-5

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1760-1763 Libers 70-80 3-1-5

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1760-1763 Libers 81-90 3-1-5

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1766-1769 vols. 91-100 3-1-5

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1769-1772 vols. 101-109 3-1-5

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1772-1774 vols. 110-118 3-1-5

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1774-1777 vols. 119-126 3-1-5

Paris, Arthur E. Black Pentecostalism: Southern Religion in an Urban World 12-4-2

Russo, Jean B. Free Workers in a Plantation Economy: Talbot County, Maryland 1690-1759 (Thesis, Ph.D. JHU, 1983) 10-2-1

Day, Alan F. A Social Study of Lawyers in Maryland, 1660-1775 9-3-1

Littlefield, Douglas R. The Spirit of Enterprise: The History of Pacific Enterprise from 1886-1989 16-3-2

Spalding, Thomas W. The Premier See: A History of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, 1789-1989 12-2-4

Bonomi, Patricia U. Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion, Society and Politics in Colonial America 12-4-5

Putney, Martha S. Black Sailors: Afro-American Merchant Seaman and Whalemen Prior to the Civil War 12-4-2


D 2223 Enoch Pratt Free Library Newspaper Collection 1782-1793 Maryland Gazette: or the Baltimore Advertiser, and the Maryland Journal & Baltimore Advertiser. RB Do not circulate

D 2224 "Baltimore News" Newspaper Collection 1892 Two issues of the "Baltimore News" newspaper of Baltimore, 19 April 1892 and 15 August 1892. 3 43 10 Do not circulate originals

G 2225 Maryland Commission On Artistic Property FY 1990 Inventory 1989-1990 Maryland Commission On Artistic Property FY 1990 Inventory (slides). 33 Permission of Curator of Artistic Property

G 2226 Maryland State Flag Protocol Brochure 1990 Publication files including art boards, color separations, and photographs used to produce brochure stating history of the Maryland State Flag and detailing proper and improper use of the flag. In house use only

D 2227 St. John's Church Broadcreek, Church Record Collection 1890-1937 Two church registers, 1890-1925 and 1925-1937. 0 8 11

D 2228 Asbury United Methodist Church, Broadneck, Collection 1838 Bible. 0 11 9 Do not circulate

G 2229 Chesapeake Bay Agreement Pen Collection 1987 Cross pen used by Governor William Donald Schaefer to sign the 1987 Chesapeake Bay Agreement. 0 11 9 Permission of State Archivist

G 2230 Wild Rose Shores Community Association Collection 1927, 1950-1990 Administrative files, property records, minutes and correspondence of incorporated residential community on the South River in Anne Arundel County. 0 11 9

G 2231 J. Richard Buckey Collection 1989- Genealogical information on the "History of the Calverts who were Quakers." 0 11 9

G 2232 Maryland Genealogical Society Library Collection Genealogical reference books placed in library.

G 2233 Virginia Kurtz Collection 1982 Edited manuscript of Harry Wright Newman's unpublished book "The Bealls of Maryland With Sketches of the Allied Families of Edmonston and Beddo." 0 11 9

D 2234 Samuel Banks Store Account Book Collection 1821-1839 Three volumes of store accounts kept by Samuel Banks possibly from the Linthicum area of Anne Arundel County. 0 11 9

G 2235 Margaret Neal School Book Collection 1869-1905 Books used by Ethel Beulah Chaney as student at Anne Arundel Academy. 1)"The Grammar School Spelling Book," 1869, 2)"Manners Culture and Dress of the Best American Society," 1894, 3)"Seely's Question Book," 1905. 0 11 9

D 2236 University of Maryland Campus Disturbance Scrapbook Collection 1970 Two scrapbooks of correspondence, newspaper clippings and photographs prepared by the Technical Services Division of the Maryland State Police covering the 1970 University of Maryland disturbances. Permission of Registrar

G 2237 Ark and Dove Chapter of the National Society Daughters of the American Colonists 1969-1990 History and accomplishments of the Chapter. 0 11 9

G 2238 Francis Engle Collection 1950-1960c. 2 1/4" x 2 1/2" black and white negatives of Annapolis and surrounding area. 33 Follow standard guidelines for negatives

D 2239 Ann of Arrundell Chapter, Colonial Dames XVII Century ? Pending. Original membership applications, proofs and supplementals of Chapter members (pending). Some labeled restricted, do not circulate

G 2240 Francis E. Rugemer, Jr. Collection 1872-1873, 1897 Harvard? Law School notes of Charles Joseph Bonaparte, Baltimore lawyer, municipal and civil service reformer, attorney general under Theodore Roosevelt and grand-nephew of the Emperor Napolean. Given in 1897 to his law clerk, Francis N. Rugemer. 0 11 0

Vol. 4, No. 16
23 April 1990


Ed announced several staff changes and anniversaries. Linwood will be leaving; his superb cleaning efforts have spoiled all of us. Donna Cogswell and Guy Butera have left for other jobs. Rick Blondo's last day is April 20. We will have a farewell lunch for him on April 18. New employees include Tina Moreland who is helping Vicki Metzger with publications and Desi Coates and Kim Holland in the photo lab. Donna Hill has worked at the Archives for two years.

A written policy regarding volunteers has been developed and distributed.

On April 26 Lois Carr will give a speech in Annapolis as a part of the Eye of the Beholder series.

The Annapolis Police Dept. has stepped up efforts to ticket speeders. One staff member (who shall remain nameless) was caught this morning as he hurried to the staff meeting.

Some of Jim Hefelfinger's photographs are featured in the First Annual State Photographers Exhibit. It will open on April 12 at 1100 N. Eutaw Street in Baltimore and then will travel throughout the state to other state buildings.

Doug mentioned the third annual photo contest for state employees. See Doug for guidelines and forms.

Doug announced the first softball practice taking place today. All staff members were encouraged to support the team as players or fans.

A new refrigerator for the kitchen should be here soon because the fund contains almost enough money.

The first volume of the second series of the Archives of Maryland will soon be sent to the printers. The publication is a list and index of major public officials to 1990 and contains about 9000 names and 31,000 citations. The book will be useful for genealogy and understanding Maryland's government, proprietary and state.

Vol. 4, No. 17
30 April 1990


IN SEARCH OF SAMUEL GREEN: A Report on the research trip to Ontario by Richard Blondo 31 March - 13 April 1990.

Supported by private grant money I was given the opportunity to travel to Canada in an effort to find out whatever I could about the subject of my masters thesis, Samuel Green.


Samuel Green was a black man born near East New Market, Dorchester County, Maryland around 1802. Though born a slave he became free in 1832. His wife Catherine (Kitty) and children Samuel, Junior (alias Wesley Kinnard) and Sarah were all in Dorchester County until 1854 when Sam, Jr. was inspired by Harriet Tubman to flee his enslaved condition and head for Canada. His sister Sarah did not flee (they were both the property of Dr. James Muse of Cambridge) and she was sold to Missouri in retaliation for her brother's departure. Samuel Green visited his son in Canada in 1856/57 in preparation for his removal there with Kitty as he was constantly suspected of aiding slaves to escape and in imminent threat of arrest or death.

Green was arrested in 1857 upon his return to the Cambridge area for having a copy of Uncle Tom's Cabin in his possession. He was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment at the Maryland Penitentiary in Baltimore and constant pardon petitions were rejected by Governor Thomas Holliday Hicks, who knew Green personally. When Governor Augustus Bradford took office in 1862 one his first actions was to pardon Green on the condition that he leave Maryland within 60 days. It was understood that Green would go to Canada. Upon his release he and Kitty headed north.

After I completed my thesis I came to the understanding that Sam and Kitty returned to Maryland by 1870 (they are listed in the Dorchester section of the census) and he may have returned as early as 1866. I had no further information of the son. The intent of the research trip was to find out any information available on Green senior and junior and family while in Canada.


On 31 March 1990 I loaded our Honda Accord to the bursting point with assorted luggage, munchies, and wife Janet, daughter Jennifer (who would celebrate her 5th birthday in Canada) and one year old son Thomas.

The weather was bleak as we approached Canada. It had rained most of the day during our trip and now we were faced with fog and the eerie sight of mile upon mile of trees shrouded in mist. As dusk turned to dark my mind wandered back to the time when blacks were drawn to Canada, many travelling in conditions such as this, seeking freedom. As we neared the border I was filled with anticipation and I thought of Samuel, Jr., perhaps feeling the same sense of anticipation but tinged with fear wondering if any Maryland white men were on his trail. One hundred and thirty six years later one was, and I was struck by the irony of it all. I was hoping to find him in Canada and I could almost see him in the woods to the side of the road, furtively glancing over his shoulder, caught in the glare of my headlights like a frantic deer seeking to outrun a hunter.

The next day we visited Niagara Falls and the Whirlpool. The Falls were difficult to see during our time in the area. There was ice in the water and a frigid wind. I took a photo of the railroad tracks running through the heart of Niagara Falls and thought of Sam senior arriving here in 1856/57 and 1862. We visited nearby Chippawa where Sam junior worked in a saw mill upon his arrival in 1854. The town hall was constructed in 1842 and it and another building nearby fell prey to my camera.

After fruitless research at Brock University and St. Catherine's (where Harriet Tubman made her home for several years) we went on to Toronto, a city which lived up to what we had heard about it. It was clean, commodious, and cold. The city of 2.7 million boasts electric trolley buses, light rail, a subway, and the Delta Chelsea Inn, recommended by Dick Fuke, a canadian scholar who frequently visits the Maryland State Archives. We remained at the hotel four days while I visited the Archives of Ontario, the Toronto City Archives, the Ontario Black History Society, the Multi-Cultural Centre, the Metropolitan Toronto Reference Library (housed in the finest library building I have ever seen), and the United Church Archives.

Nearly nine decades old, the Ontario Archives (the equivalent of a U.S. state archives) is currently housed in an eleven story downtown building which the provincial government leases for the archives use and other government offices (the archives occupies floors 1-6). They are within the Ministry of Culture and Communications and they believe they will soon be relocated as a new Opera House nears completion and its staff will need administrative space. The Archives is visited by 20,000 people yearly and they handle some 10,000 mailed inquiries for which they charge no fee. They spend up to four hours on each letter from Ontario citizens and government employees and up to one hour on all other mailed inquiries. They usually are visited by 60 to 80 patrons each day, each one asking 4 questions. The 2 reference archivists are spelled during lunch by other archivists and service quality suffered noticeable. There are one or two people at the circulation desk and records retrievals are made every half hour. A cardboard "clock" is posted telling a patron when the next records retrieval will be made.

Administratively, the archives is broken into four divisions: Finance and Administration; Collections Management; Public Services; and Conservation and Reproduction. There are a total of 76 employees.

The beginning salary for archivists is $32,000 - 34,000 yearly in canadian dollars. The U.S. currency equivalent is about 15% less (Toronto seemed more expensive than the D.C. area). Most of the archivists are processing specialists working "behind the scenes." There are only 2 reference archivists who work Monday through Friday from 8:15 to 4:30. The search room remains open until 10:30 p.m. during which time most users refer to self-service microfilm, but original records may still be used. They are secured in lockers by patrons when they leave or when the archives closes with the locker key remaining at the archives. One employee remains on duty during the evening hours, an equivalent to our lobby front desk person, whom they call a commissionaire. These people are usually retired military or law enforcement officers.

The microfilm boxes are color coded using colored markers and they are identified and filed by cabinet number and reel number. They use our Northwest readers and ancient Recordaks. They have one reader/printer, a wondrous machine which provide a dry process copy of superior quality from a scroungy reel of film. It had a zoom lens which allows the user to enlarge his image as much as possible limited to the paper size in the machine. It was a Canon NP Printer 780.

From Toronto we went to Kitchener where we planned to visit Dick Fuke on Saturday 7 April. I had a pleasant (light) lunch with Dick and a colleague, Jim Walker of the University of Waterloo, who gave me some leads to further my research. On Sunday 8 April we were off to London to visit the University of Western Ontario and nearby Salford and the Oxford County Archives.

On Monday I visited the U. of Western Ontario. On Tuesday I visited Salford and the Oxford County Archives in search of Sam junior. Joyce Pettigrew told me of a Louisa Grey (Gray) who married a man named Green at the time my man was there. Louisa was listed in the 1861 census as married, with a three year old daughter Vesta, and an infant son. No mention of Sam.

From there I picked up the family and we were off to Chatham, the terminus of the Underground Rail Road. That night I visited the Chatham library which had many local newspaper indexes. On Wednesday 11 April I visited the Raleigh Township Centennial Museum at North Buxton. They had a wonderful index created by the late Arlie Robbins and her volunteers of every black listed in the Canadian censuses. There was a Samuel Green listed in the 1871 census near Hamilton, Ontario (Wentworth County, Ancaster Township). A look at the reference listed his wife Louisa, 13 year old daughter Vesta, 7 year old Oliver and James D. age 2. I had found Green junior who was now a forty year old barber and who was listed as Anglican while the family remained Methodist Episcopal.

From there I went to Amherstburg to visit the North American Black History Museum which is not far from Detroit. On Thursday 12 April we began our trip east towards Niagara Falls.

While Sam senior did not lie at the end of my rainbow I now believe that he probably visited for just a short time and returned to the States to wait out the war years. Phebe and I are favoring Philadelphia as a likely exile while Ed favors New York. One day I hope to know.

Vol. 4, No. 18
7 May 1990


Instead of searching indexes for several series of probate records many researchers will use estate or administration dockets in order to obtain references or, if this is not available, at least the filing dates for documents. Carson Gibb has discovered that this approach sometimes should be supplemented by a search of will indexes, if the docket contains no entries for the name being sought. In Baltimore County prior to 1851 the deceased person's name does not appear in the docket if the will was the only document filed. For Worcester County the estate docket does include a will if that is the sole probate record. The status for other counties is unknown at present.

Index of the Week Pat Melville

Index 113 - (Plats on Microfilm-Index to Tracts and Owners), 1697-1955

Chapter 1016, Acts of 1945, authorized the Commissioner of the Land Office to "collect by photographic process, known as Microfilm" all plats in the county clerks offices, that affected title to land. Personnel from the Land Office visited each county courthouse, surveyed the records for plats, and filmed the plats. The plats bound in plat books and filed loose in drawers or on rods were the easiest to locate and film. The tasks of locating and filming the plats interspersed in other series, such as land records or equity records, was much more onerous. After a preliminary survey in 1945-1946 the Land Office estimated that 9120 county record books would need examination for plats, plus 700 in Baltimore City.

By 1956 the filming project was completed for the counties. It could not be ascertained why the Baltimore City plats were never filmed. In addition to plats, the land office also filmed plat indexes, if extant.

The card index was probably prepared contemporaneously with the filming itself. There is a separate section for each county and sometimes more than one section for each county. Specifically, the AA section contains 3 parts, BA 3 parts, CE 3 parts, HA 2 parts, QA 2 parts, SO 3 parts, TA 4 parts, and WO 3 parts. Although plats were filmed, indexes for CR, FR, GA, and MO were never compiled. For CR and GA this was unnecessary because the clerks' offices already possessed indexes which the Land Office filmed. In the microform guides, see (Plats, Index).

Other records not included in Index 113 are (Plat Books) for several counties - CE, DO, FR, GA, HA, PG, SO, and WO. In most cases indexing was unnecessary because each book contains an index, except for GA and SO. For the former there is a separate index called (Plat Book, Index). For the latter, no indexes exist at the archives.

Index 113 includes tract names, lots, names of owners, and sometimes names of litigants. Sometimes the card will contain the date of the record. The references vary according to the type of record containing the plats. Cards showing these references were usually filmed with the plat. Loose plats are referenced by a number or set of numbers and plat books by volume and plat number or number alone. The plats recorded in other records are referenced by record title, which are sometimes different than our standardized series titles, volume designation, and page number. To locate a specific reference one should consult the appropriate county microfilm guide for the series (Plat Book) and (Plats). (Plat Book) are large volumes where original plats were bound together. (Plats) may consist of a loose plats numbered sequentially or of plats found in other series.

Listed below are of the records filmed for each county. When the series titles differ, ours is listed first and then the Land Office designation in brackets.

AL, 1792-1954:

(Plat Book)

(Land Records) [deed]

(Judgment Record) [judg]

(Plats) [no title]

AA, 1839-1952:

(Equity Record) [Equity] & [CHRDS]

(Land Records) [Land Rds]

(Plats) [no title]

BA, 1835-1947

(Land Records) [Land Rds]

(Plat Book)

(Judicial Record) (Judicial Rds)

CV, 1883-1948

(Equity Record) [Ch Rds]

(Land Records)

(Plats) [AAH 1]

CA, 1774-1955

(Land Records) [Land Rds]

(Mortgage Records) [Mrtge Rds]

(Land Commissions) [Comm Rd]

(Tax Sale Record) (Tax Sale Rd]

(Equity Record) [Chry Rds]

CE, 1831-1945:

(Land Records) [Land Rds]

(Equity Record) [Equity Rds]

(Land Commissions) [Land Com Rds]

CH, 1697-1948

(Land Records)

(Plat Book)

(Land Commissions) [Land Commissioners Rds]

(Equity Record) [Ch Rds]

DO, 1717-1874

(Land Commissions) [Land Comm Rec]

HA, 1790-1951

(Land Records) [Land Rds]

(Equity Record) [Equity Rds]

HO, 1840-1949

(Plat Book) [no title]

(Land Records) [no title]

(Equity Record) [Ch Rds]

(Land Commissions) [no title]

KE, 1703-1946

(Land Records) [land record]

(Equity Record) [chancery]

PG, 1835-1942

(Equity Record) [Ch Rds]

QA, 1831-1950

(Land Records) [Land Rds]

(Equity Record) [Judgment in Extenso] & [Ch Rds]

SM, 1828-1948

(Land Records) [no title]

(Mortgage Records) [Mortgage Rds]

(Equity Record) [Decree Rds]

SO, 1722-1949

(Land Records) [Land Rec]

(Equity Record) [Chan Rec]

(Judicial Record) [Jud Rec]

(Insolvency Record) [no title]

TA, 1721-1955

(Plat Book) [no title] & [Land Rec]

[Land Rec]

(Land Records) [Land & Deed Rec]

(Land Commissions) [Land Comm Rec]

(Equity Record) [Chncry Rec]

WA, 1786-1948

(Plats) [no title]

(Land Records) [no title]

(Equity Record) [ch rds]

WI, 1867-1950

(Land Records) [Land Rds] & [Plat Bk]

(Judicial Record) [Judicial Rds]

(Equity Record) [Ch Rds]

WO, 1793-1951

(Land Records) [Land Rds]

(Plat Book) [Plat Bk]

(Equity Record) [Ch Rds]

(Proceedings) [Ct Proc]

Index 113 is difficult to use because even with everything outlined above, one may find it difficult to match the references with the actual records. Errors and discrepancies appear occasionally. No attempt is being made to determine and describe the latter because the net result would be more confusing than helpful. In addition, some indexing seems illogical; for example, there are entries found under Plat and Plan, not first-choice terms for most researchers.

Vol. 4, No. 19
14 May 1990

Index of the Week Arian Ravanbakhsh

Index 96 (Death Record, BC, Index) 1875-1877, 1943-1949

Over the past several months, the library assistants at the registration desk have keyboarded and edited the entire BC Death Index for the year 1945. Now, thanks to computers, the card index in the basement is obsolete. Under "BCDEATHS" on the searchroom computer that contains Maryland State Papers, one will find the completed project. Each entry contains the person's complete name, date of death, corresponding certificate number, and the exact reel number of microfilm on which that certificate may be found. Also, we have a 256 page hard copy of the database which lists all the names in alphabetical order. This copy is available in state and local records. The years 1946-1949 will eventually be added to complete the project.

LIBRARY NOTES Phebe Jacobsen

A small brown book in our library may be a gem for quick information about government offices, tobacco warehouses and municipal incorporations. This somewhat awkward index was compiled by Dr. Francis C. Sparks sometime around 1904-1906 after the Report of the Maryland Public Records Commission was completed. Titled simply Appendix, the book is found in the library at 5/4/3 as 606.

Moved by a national trend to preserve public records, the Maryland General Assembly in 1904 (chap. 282) created its own "preservation" commission. This commission was chaired by Hester Dorsey Richardson and assisted by volunteer committees from the counties and Baltimore City. It set out to locate and assess the condition of the colonial, state, county, and municipal records of Maryland. The final 2,000 page report was completed within two years and submitted to the 1906 Assembly.

Despite limitations of time and money and lack of professional archivists the Report of the Public Records Commission of Maryland for the Years 1904-1905 was a great accomplishment. (It was not the first such account of Maryland records, however). All that now remains of the original 1904-1905 document is a condensed 15 page version and the Appendix by Sparks.

Dr. Sparks organized his Appendix into five catagories each in rough alphabetical order. The first category is awkwardly titled "Offices and Dates of Establishment etc. to 1776." Section two involves offices etc. established after 1776. Provincial, state, and county offices are included in these sections. Sparks gives establishment and abolition dates and outlines some duties and changes over time. For the most part Sparks uses the laws as his point of reference.

Section three lists the establishment dates for tobacco warehouses. Section four concerns municipalities. Included are dates when the towns were first mentioned, dates of incorporation, name changes, and sites of towns. "Towns Erected Without Any Name" completes the final and fifth category. The last entry refers to "Capt. Robert Morrice's land in Tredavon Creek" in 1668.

This Appendix is not complete. The Archives of Maryland indexes to laws, and the Maryland Manual can provide more detailed information of the kind found here, but the Appendix can provide quickie answers for a great many trivial and/or important questions.

Vol. 4, No. 20
21 May 1990


"FROM PATHS TO PLATS: Annapolis before 1718"

A symposium on the early development of Annapolis took place in the conference room on May 9, 1990, and featured research conducted at the Archives over the last few years by Tony Lindauer, with comments by search room regulars Rouse Todd and Pat Guida and representatives of the city planning office, the Maryland Historical Trust, and Archaeology in Annapolis. The meeting opened with remarks by Ed, whose research into the origins of the city dates from the late 1960s. Greg chaired the day's discussion with his usual friendly manner, Doug had a learning experience with the video recorder, Ruth made sure there was coffee to start the day, and Vicki Metzger handled everything from flower arranging to food service with grace and aplomb. Mame kept everyone awake after lunch with slides of early Annapolis photographs.

A total of 39 people attended, 30 of them outsiders of whom 6 were participants. Nine staff members attended, 6 of them as participants or support personnel. Those attending from outside the Archives, in addition to the participants mentioned above, were representatives from the Annapolis Historic District Commission, Historic Annapolis, Anne Arundel County's Department of Planning and Zoning and Office of Law, and the Department of Anthropology at the University of Maryland, as well as individuals interested in specific areas of the city or the early history of the town in general.

Illustrating his presentation with slides of his maps and plats of the 17th century town, Tony proposed an approach to

the development of Annapolis which, while familiar in some respects from the work of earlier researchers, is based on the enormous amount of material he has amassed and goes beyond their conclusions to a perspective of his own. His theory centers on the premise that the Richard Beard's 1684 plan of the town reflected the use of the land by settlers prior to that point. Later plats, such as Nicholson's 1695 plan also platted by Beard, a probable third Beard plat c. 1710 after the State House fire, and the well-known, but now suspect, Stoddert survey of 1718 continued to acknowledge the existing land use. Unfortunately, each plat appears to have used a different system of numbering the lots. A special benefit of Tony's work results from his ability to document the town from a spatial perspective. His maps show geographical features that he has culled from hundreds of snippets of information and relates those geographical features to the use of the land and the lay-out of streets.

Rouse Todd showed us his computer-platted patents for the Annapolis peninsula and argued in a friendly way with a few of Tony's conclusions. Pat contributed to the discussion of Beard's 1684 survey with a plat of her own.

The official comments indicated that various agencies will consider Tony's perspective in their thinking about the early city. The audience was supportive and generally seemed to enjoy themselves.

The proceedings were video-taped (yes, Doug's learning experience was successful), so if anyone on the staff is interested in seeing the discussion, or looking at the hand-outs, or whatever, please see me (at least until the materials go into Special Collections, after which you can get them yourselves).


I had a reference call this week from an officer with the Natural Resources police. His patrol boat had discovered a grave stone in the Patuxent River near Wayson's Corner. He had the name and dates of birth and death and wanted information on where this person may have lived or been buried so he could (as he said) "return it to its rightful owner."

The search for this information was not difficult or time consuming but was interesting. I began with the county death records for November, 1970 and checked all the counties which the Patuxent flows through or near and turned up nothing. Pat then suggested I try Baltimore City for the remote possibility. Sure enough there was the death certificate for John Thomas Holland. He had lived and died in the City but was buried in Churchton, MD.

The research value that's worth noting here is the fact that the more recent death certificates contain much more information than the older ones - such things as name of the cemetery, its location, the name and address of the funeral director, and (I guess) what you would call the physical form of the remains (i.e. burial, cremation, removal).

Even though this record was restricted, I was able to extract enough information to answer the reference call. And thanks to Shirley and Teresa in the Photolab (who live in and near Churchton) I was able to narrow down the location of the cemetery to make DNR's search even easier.

So thanks to four Archive's staff members, and a concerned corporal from DNR, John Thomas Holland can now truly Rest in Peace.

Vol. 4, No. 21
4 June 1990


Susan Cummings

D 2241 Somerset Parish Protestant Episcopal Church Record Collection 1938-1979 11 volumes of parish registers and vestry minutes 0 none

G 2242 Governor's Mansion Fountain Collection 1989-1990 Press briefing boards and newspaper clippings concerning installation of Victorian fountain 0 11 9 Boards- permission of State Archivist

G 2243 Elmer Jackson Collection of Maryland Newspapers 1755-1773 Nine original Maryland Gazette's and one Maryland Journal 0 11 9 none

D 2244 Katherine Shenton Collection of Dorchester County Records 1800-1950c. Original deeds, receipts 0 11 9 Permission of Registrar

G 2245 Heirs of Emory Taylor Welsh Collection 1900c. Photograph of Confederate Veterans Reunion, Company A, 1st Maryland Calvary; Oakdale, Governor Warfield's home. News American clipping re sale of Warfield home. Xerox copy of Confederate Soldier's Home Souvenir Edition pages re Warfield room RB 1 2 none

G 2246 Jack Mellin Collection Views of State House interiors and Land Office building on State House grounds. Copy negatives of stereographs by W.M. Chase 33 Permission of Curator of Photographs

D 2247 St. Anne's Parish, Annapolis, Protestant Episcopal Church Record Collection 1911-1947 Service record books for St. Anne's Church, St. Anne's Chapel, St. Luke's, Eastport, St. John the Evangelist, West Annapolis 0 8 2 none

G 2248 Richard A. Blondo Research Collection 1987-1990 Research and Master's Degree thesis on Samuel Green, a Dorchester County free black, convicted and imprisoned for possessing a copy of "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Copy of "The Independent," July 31, 1862 newspaper with Harriet Beecher Stowe article 0 11 9 Permission of donor

G 2249 Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference 1987 Spring Meeting Collection 1986-1987 Administrative files of local arrangements committee of MARAC conference in Baltimore, Spring 1987 0 11 9 none

G 2250 Francis E. Bagrowski Collection 1915c. Souvenir book given to new immigrant Caroline Woods Dubiel. Includes information and photographs on Baltimore City and each county 0 11 0 Do Not circulate original. Use xerox copy in ECP file D 1259-121-2234

G 2251 Baltimore Foundation For Architecture Collection of Jackson P. Ketcham Architectural Drawings 1926-1975 Architectural drawings of Jackson P. Ketcham, mostly in Baltimore B5 6 3 Permission of State Archivist

G 2252 Maryland State Archives Preservation Kit Collection 1990 Administrative file for production of retail preservation kit. Includes photographs and masters for brochure on basic conservation techniques Staff use only

G 2253 Connecticut State Library Collection 1723,1782 Calvert County deed to James Frisbey for "Ariana" and Weekly Return of 1st Maryland of Foot, Army of the U.S. RB none

G 2254 Baltimore Foundation for Architecture Collection of Millard Donaldson Architectural Drawings 1922-1972 Architectural drawings of Millard Donaldson, mostly Baltimore RB 6 3 Permission of State Archivist

G 2255 From Paths to Plats: Annapolis Before 1718 Symposium Collection 1990 Research notes, attendance, publicity, administrative notes, brochures and video-tapes of informal symposium on early topography of Annapolis See list

G 2256 Lewis and Kindred Family Land Records of Dorchester County Collection 1690-1800c. Patent and deeds from Lewis and Donoho family of Dorchester County along the Nanticoke River. "Smithfield" 0 11 9 none

G 2257 Matilda Mylander Collection 1885(1880) Baltimore City Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, Volume 2 Do not circulate

G 2258 Julia Thomas Collection 1900-1960c. 20 copy negatives and contact prints of Annapolis photographs 33 1 3 No copies without written permission of donor

Vol. 4, No. 24
23 July 1990


D 2259 Samuel A. Freas Collection. 1890 c. Diary of a young debutante in Washington D.C. 0 11 9

D 2260 Enoch Pratt Free Library Vertical File Collection. 1940's, 1960 Miscellaneous items concerning World War II and the proposed Maryland Constitution of 1967 Originals permission of Registrar

G 2261 E.F. Rivinus Collection. 1877, 1900 Four sketches of Tulip Hill, Anne Arundel County. Two photographs of Mrs. Henry Flather (ne: Mary Mullin), owner of Tulip Hill for 25 years 0 11 9

G 2262 Harry M. Hyatt Collection. 1600-1900 Baker family genealogy, mostly Virginia and Kentucky 0 62 6

G 2263 Robert C. Reid Newspaper Collection. Bowie Blade 3 44 12 Permission of Newspaper Project

G 2264 Anne Arundel County Historical Society Newspaper Collection. Anne Arundel Star, Flag of Our Union- 18 March 1848, Advertiser-Republican- 23 November 1916, Anne Arundel Spokesman- 19, 25 August 1927 3 44 8 Permission of Newspaper Project

G 2265 Maryland State Archives African American Genealogy Exhibit Collection. 1990 Photographs

G 2266 Eric Goldstein Collection of Morris Lieberman Photographs. 1950-1960 c. 2 x 2" black and white negatives of Jewish Community of Annapolis. Lieberman was editor of Colonial Chronicle 33

Vol. 4, No. 25
30 July 1990

SPECIAL REPORT Stephanie Thorson, Barbara Blummer, Jennifer Griffin, Marsi Shapiro, Beth Clark, Aravinda Pillalamarri

To borrow words from (Miscellaneous Papers) of the Governor please forgive us for this trespass on your time. It is a rare occasion we have to bring to your kind attention some of our findings within the myriad boxes called "The Governor's Papers." Buried under many civil lists, seals, and applications for jobs such as inspector of anything from guano to foreign and distilled liquors, we unearthed more intriguing documents. The collection includes the census of 1880, which shows the population of each county in Maryland. The total for the state came to 934,632. An 1892 map of the Southern U.S. entitled "Boundary Line of the District Infected with Splenetic or Southern Fever of Cattle" accompanies letters concerning a cattle quarantine. A red boundary line extends from Maryland's Eastern Shore across the Oklahoma Territory to Texas.

One recurrent theme, crime, never failed to excite us. We recorded the requisitions, extraditions, and incarcerations of criminals with aliases such as Frosty and White Smackum, including kidnappers, rapists, fornicators, thieves, fugitive slaves, breakers of the Sabbath, and murderers.

In Columbia, PA, in 1852, Archibald G. Ridgely shot and killed William Smith, a fugitive slave. Smith had escaped from George William Hall of Harford County in 1850. Under the Fugitive Slave Act, Ridgely and Solomon Snyder were attempting to bring this "fugitive from labour" back to his master. The court papers, which include a water color sketch of the scene of the crime, do not reveal the verdict. The testimony, however, makes it seem probable that Ridgely was acquitted. Hall had empowered Ridgely and Snyder to recover Smith. Snyder claimed that the shooting was an accident, and that the bullet could as easily have struck him. Other witnesses testified that Ridgely exclaimed, "My God, I have accidentally shot him!" William Smith may even have provoked Ridgely by fleeing and biting his hand. Ridgely's lawyer claimed that as his client reached for his mace, he accidentally grabbed his pistol, which went off when he hit Smith. However, some witnesses claimed that Ridgely showed no remorse, and even cursed at Smith when he shot him. One wonders if the testimony of these witnesses, described as "colored men," carried as much weight as that of the white witnesses.

Some striking incidents received very little attention in the records. A single letter indicated that Francis J. Wilson of Caroline County was found guilty of murdering Jenny, a female negro slave. With this letter came two petitions to Enoch Lowe (that's Gov. to us) to "grant a Noli Prosequi to avoid a criminal prosecution." Three letters of testimony document a case of domestic violence in the Wright family. One neighbor testified that he heard Mr. Wright abuse his wife, Jane, spoke to him about it, and had Mrs. Wright come to his house bearing bruises. Another neighbor testified that Jane Wright, had "very pretty landed property" when she married, but her brother-in-law, James, collected the rent from the property, and gave it to her husband, Sam. Sam, meanwhile, had "for several years, entirely abandoned her without the least trifling means of support from any of her property." In addition, his physician of 12 years testified that Sam Wright had syphilis, which "he communicated to his wife". The documents do not reveal the outcomes of these cases.

Crime occurred on a wholesale as well as a personal level. Eastern shore watermen had distressing problems in the late 1840s and early 1850s. First, the General Assembly caused trouble by passing a law prohibiting the use of dredges in oystering. The oystermen then had to use tongs, which catch fewer oysters than dredges do, and suffered a loss of income. Tongs also tended to bury oysters, did not thin the beds, and did not work well in deeper waters. The prohibition on dredging was only enforced by informers entitled to half of the $500 fine imposed on the owner of the vessel in question. Somerset County oystermen objected because they knew men who "will swear false for a pint of whiskey," much less for $250. To add insult to injury, MD's watermen were plagued by interlopers from out of state who dredged illegally. In 1848, Capt. Henry Scott of the Pocomoke Rangers wrote to the governor requested aid in driving "about 150" Philadelphians out of the local sound and creeks. He specifically requested "about three small cannon" as the Philadelphians were armed "with swivel and musketry, and some with cannon on board." It seems that whatever help he received was not enough. Three years later, a Mr. Billingsley wrote from Calvert County to report two schooners from Philadelphia, dredging in the area, and requested cannon and grapeshot to drive them from MD waters.

We often hear that crime doesn't pay, and at least some criminals received their just rewards. The Governor's papers include information on the MD State Penitentiary derived from correspondence and the reports of directors, clerks, doctors, and wardens. The directors and clerks reported mainly on financial matters. The clerks' accounts describe household and workshop expenses, money on hand, and money made from the manufactures of the prison. The warden and directors' documents show a profile of the inmates, such as their occupations, places of birth, courts and counties from which the prisoners were sent, previous convictions, youth attendance at Sunday school, male/female ratio, black/white ratio, percent of orphans, age, education, marriage, temperance, terms of sentence, releases, escapes, illnesses treated in office or hospital, and deaths with dates, names, and causes. The warden also wrote reports on such topics as provisions for the health of the prisoners, comparisons with other institutions, the prison's near bankruptcy, and problems with insane inmates. Many documents are requests from the warden for legislative action or confirmation of acts passed by the Assembly.

Many documents we examined, including some of those mentioned above, dealt with racial issues. References to the state's black population show that MD was divided between abolitionists and slaveholders, especially in the decade preceding the Civil War. In Governor Lowe's declination of a request for financial compensation for agents involved in the abduction of fugitive slaves, he admitted that he was "sympathetic to the matter," but maintained recovery of fugitives was a private action and state compensation would "proclaim her insolvency, since half the tax list would not sustain such a policy". Some were more open in their resentment towards blacks. In 1851, the governor received a petition from a group of white laborers in BC, who objected to the employment of black men in the tobacco warehouse. Others held a more tolerant view. That same year, an attorney for Even, a negro boy sentenced to "35 strikes on his bare back", successfully obtained an review of the sentence, which he considered, "too severe." The owner of a slave named Levi attempted to secure a nolle prosequi from the governor, to avoid Levi being "sold out of state" as would be the case if a slave were tried, although there is some doubt as to whether the owner's actions were for the benefit of the slave or to insure his own property.

As we delve deeper and further into this fascinating and varied collection, we are creating a folder level description database for this series, with important items highlighted in subject fields. So soon you will all have an index access to this wealth of information now known as the (Miscellaneous Papers).

Vol. 4, No. 27
3 August 1990


The Immigration and Naturalization Service in Washington, DC has an index to naturalizations from 1906 to the present, regardless of which federal, state, or local court handled the process. This index is useful for researchers who do not know where a person was naturalized. The index will specify the place and court and then the research can contact that institution or an archives if the records have been so transferred.

Vol. 4, No. 28
August 20, 1990



When Cecilius Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, was granted the Charter of Maryland, it proclaimed that he owned all of the land within the boundaries of the colony. The land that he owned was of little value without someone to live on it and work it. So as an incentive to settlement, he proclaimed in 1633, even before the first vessel had left for Maryland, the first of his several Conditions of Plantation. Under the terms of these Conditions, he offered certain amounts of land to those who furnished their own transportation or who provided for the passage of others to Maryland. Two thousand acres were to be granted for every five men imported in 1633; one thousand acres for every five men imported in 1634 or since; for lesser numbers one hundred acres for each man or woman and fifty acres for each child.

For the first few years, the patenting of land was handled by the Governor and Council along with all the other business of the Colony. However, in 1637, John Lewger, a member of the Council, was appointed Secretary of the Province. His responsibility included the keeping and recording of the acts and proceedings of the Lieutenant General, as the Governor was then called, and his Council. This, of course, included proceedings relating to the granting of land.

Charles, the third Lord Baltimore, is identified with the separate and formal establishment of a Land Office when, in 1680, he for the first time erected an office by that name and gave the charge of it to John Llewellen with the denomination of Register. After the Revolution, there were two Land Offices, a Land Office to be held for the Western Shore at Annapolis, and for the Eastern Shore at the place of holding the general court, under the direction of the registers. In 1841, the two offices were consolidated into one office. The Land Office's location changed several times and eventually resided at the Hall of Records Building in 1935. From there the Land Office and its records were moved to the State Office Building in Annapolis. In 1966, the Land Office was abolished and its duties and records assigned to the Archivist and Hall of Records Commission.

The first type of Maryland Land Office record to be found is the Record of Entry. These include entry records of people who came to Maryland between 1634 and 1680. The second type of record is a demand for a Warrant of Survey by grounds of Conditions of Plantation or a special Warrant of Survey granted by Lord Baltimore under whatever terms he chose to impose. After 1776 the populace applied to the Register. The third step is the Warrant itself; it was to be issued by the Governor or the Secretary and later the Register to the surveyor, directing him to lay out and survey the requisite amount of land for the claimant and to return a certificate of his survey. The Certificate of Survey is the fourth step. When the survey had been completed it was returned to the Secretary's, and later the Register's office. When all the previous records had been completed and if no objections were found, the last step, the Patent itself, would be granted under the great seal, and signed by the Governor.

Vol. 4, No. 29
August 27, 1990



MdHR G 2268 -- Steven Boone Collection. Commemorative pamphlets relating to Trinity Methodist Church, Cumberland, Maryland.

MdHR G 2269 -- Charting the Chesapeake Bay Collection. Documentation and graphics relating to exhibit and book Charting the Chesapeake by Russ Morrison and Bob Hanson. RESTRICTED: Do not circulated without permission of the State Archivist.

MdHR G 2270 -- Phebe R. Jacobsen Church History Collection. Newspaper clippings, brochures, prepared histories of various churches in the state of Maryland. RESTRICTED: Do not circulate until collection processing is complete.

MdHR D 2271 -- Thomas R. Blain Collection. Plat of Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Harford County, Maryland showing landowners and acreage. RESTRICTED: Do not circulate blueline copy.

MdHR D 2273 -- Court of Special Appeals Seal Collection. RESTRICTED: Do not circulate without permission of Greg Stiverson.

MdHR G 2274 -- Robert Hood Anne Arundel County Tract Map Collection. Anne Arundel County tract map to be used as overlay on 1989 tax map #22 and #15, Glen Burnie area.

MdHR G 2275 -- Free Library of Philadelphia Map Collection. Maps of Maryland and Delaware published by various state and federal agencies. Information includes election districts, climate, geologic formations, and railroad routes.



(Enumeration Districts)

Census films, which come equipped with name indexes, can be invaluable sources of information. Without name indexes, we can easily spend hours, if not days, reading schedules, trying to track down that one "elusive ancestor".

At last, some help has arrived. Five films, plus three sheets of microfiche, have been purchased from the National Archives and these contain descriptions of the Enumeration Districts used by the Census Bureau from 1850-1920. They are accessioned as M 6889 - 6893 and Mf 6894.

According to the information provided by the National Archives, the records on these films were not created to serve as indexes to the censuses, but were originally entitled "Accounts of Compensation". In 1830 and 1840, these volumes identified " the geographic jurisdictions covered by each census taker, as well as his name and rate of pay." By 1850, not much had changed, but beginning with 1860, the descriptions of the enumeration districts began to be more detailed and their usefulness as indexes increased. By 1910, the name of the enumerator had been dropped, and the descriptions were quite full and useful.

To use these films, it is most helpful if you know where your ancestor lived. A map, preferably showing election districts is also useful.

In the counties, Enumeration Districts at first were simply identified by their equivalent Election Districts. However, as time passed, additional geographic descriptions were added which are much more helpful for our purposes.

The 1850 volume contains no useful descriptions at all. (Fortunately, we have the volume index.)

1860: Many of the Election Districts are given names, (e.g. "the Sharpsburg District". And some of the descriptions are more even more specific. For example, in Harford County, Henry Richardson's district ran along the "north side of Bel Air, thence along the Hickory Pond, to Morris's Mill and Tan Yard..." and so on.

1870: A relapse. Except for Somerset County, the only descriptions given are the Election Districts.

1880-1900: Contain both Election Districts and useful descriptions.

1910-1920 Good descriptions, plus population totals for each district.

For Baltimore City, the progression is similar.

1850: Notes only the Wards for which each enumerator is responsible. (Use volume index.)

1860: Gives street descriptions for only two of the Districts.

1870-1920: Street boundaries become standard.

However, the real find for Baltimore City is the microfiche for 1910. This contains an alphabetical index to streets, with the appropriate Enumeration District! This means that, at least in theory, we should be able to find fairly easily most of the individuals who appear in the City Directory for that year.

Needless to say, these volumes are no substitute for a really complete name index, but for the time being, they do help to make the 1860-1910 Censuses more accessible.

Vol. 4, No. 30
September 10, 1990


Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers' Home

I had a reference call the other day from a lady requesting information on the Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers' Home. In particular she was looking for its financial records. According to Pat, we know of no records that exist for the home. But since the State partially subsidized the place, there are mentions of budget appropriations in the laws and I even found annual reports for 1907-1909 in the new statepubs database. The first report covers a summary of expenditures since the home's opening in 1888.

For those of you curious about the soldiers' home, the General Assembly gave the property known as the "Pikesville Arsenal", a former Federal military post, to the Association of the Maryland Line in 1888 for use as a home for Confederate soldiers. Being abandoned for eight years, these 10 buildings constructed during the War of 1812 were in much need of repair. Private donations and $5,000 a year from the State was used to repair, furnish, and operate the facility.

In 1932, with only 3 veterans left, the home closed and the property reverted back to the state. It wasn't until 1949 that the property was fully renovated and became the present headquarters of the Maryland State Police.

For patrons and staff researching this topic, there are two excellent books in the library. One is a 1954 article by Lydia Lee Duval Lewis entitled The Maryland Line Confederate Soldier's Home: A Brief History of Maryland's Confederate Soldiers' Home, 1888-1932 of its Founding, Operation, Closing and Final Disposition. The second also entitled Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers' Home was compiled in 1894 by Capt. George W. Booth, then Secretary and soon to be President of the Association of the Maryland Line.

This book contains a wealth of research information concerning Maryland's Confederate soldiers.Nestled among the numerous advertisements and photographs are a list of Maryland branches of Confederate soldiers by company and rank, a roster of past and present officers and members of the Society of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States in Maryland (the parent organization to the Association) listing rank, branch of service, and present address (if known), and finally, a short list of male descendants of Society members giving their relationship and address.

Both of these library books are located in 8-3-6, 0950. the Statepubs mentioned earlier are located in 2-3-6-13, MdHR 8101359-61.

Finally, there is one other reference to note. Although we know few records that exist for the soldiers' home, the Maryland Historical Society has a register for the home listing its residents and their destination after leaving the home. [Most retired to Loudon Park Cemetery.]

Vol. 4, No. 31
September 17, 1990


While trying to locate something else, I encountered an unusual chancery case. We all know that equity proceedings contain a wealth of information. On occasion we should remind ourselves of this fact and the following notes are serving that purpose.

Many equity proceedings in Maryland courts involved petitions to sell land. The stated reasons are usually fairly routine. The parcel is too small for division among several heirs or the sale proceeds are needed to pay the debts of an estate. CHANCERY COURT (Chancery Record) 129, pp. 308-323 [MdHR S 517-17843;1-35-3-38] contains a case instituted in part for nobler purposes. On July 17, 1824, Robert Welch of Ben, as guardian of Nicholas Darnall, filed a petition for the sale of land in Anne Arundel County. Nicholas and his older brother Henry, both free blacks, inherited about 800 acres from their father Bennett Darnall. Since 1814, after Bennett's death, Henry and Nicholas had been living with Quaker families in Philadelphia and desired to continue residing in Pennsylvania. The petition then contains the following statements.

"The circumstance of the said Infant being himself a colored person and descended from a slave and having conscientious scruples against the practice of slavery would render it most unpleasant and unprofitable to him to retain the ownership of lands in a slave holding state where it is not possible to work such lands without employing slaves in the cultivation of tobacco and other planted crops. Indeed if he is not allowed to dispose of these lands and to convert them into a more satisfactory and profitable fund, the said infant will thus be deprived of the full enjoyment of this Estate bequeathed to him by his father. But admitting that these conscientious scruples are not to be regarded and that no wright whatever is to be allowed to the disinclination of the said infant to employ slaves as is indispensable on such an Estate as the one that is owned by him, it cannot be denied that at least one half the value of any property must be lost to the individual possessing it who is compelled to hold it in a community where he does not stand upon the same political and civil rights as other members of society and where he is subjected to do many degrading and burthinsome disabilities that he must almost prefer abandoning his property to retaining it under such a pressure."

Other documents in the case reveal that Nicholas and Henry Darnall and two other brothers, William and Philip, were the children of Bennett Darnall and his slave Susanna. Bennett Darnall in his will mentioned manumissions for Susanna and her children. In fact, three manumissions, dated 1802, 1805, and 1810, were filed with the AA Court because Darnall was uncertain of the legality of the earlier ones. These documents, not part of the chancery case, provide more details about the family. Susanna had two other sons in 1805 who were not included in the 1810 manumission and were mentioned in Darnall's will, but not acknowledged as his children. The 1810 manumission noted Susanna as deceased and gave the ages of William 17, Philip 14, Henry 8, and Nicholas 6.

After Welch filed his petition and exhibits the Chancellar appointed commissioners to appraise the land, part of Portland Manor, and to make recommendations. The commissioners valued the land at $13,495 and recommended that it be sold because it could not be cultivated without slaves and the current proprietor was a slaveholder. Robert Welch of Ben was appointed trustee to sell the land in 1825. At this point the proceedings stop. Maybe Welch could not complete the sale before Nicholas Darnall come of age.

Rather than stop the tale here I checked AA land records. In 1827 Henry Darnall by power of attorney to Welch sold part of his land. Henry had died by 1831 and his brother Nicholas inherited his property. Nicholas then divided all his land into four parcels and sold them.

Vol. 4, No. 32
September 24, 1990



[The following biography was written for use in the State House. It will be produced as a pamphlet which will also contain a picture showing Ms. Brent demanding the right to vote.]

On January 21, 1648, Margaret Brent appeared before the assembly and requested two votes. She asked for one for herself as a landowner and one as Lord Baltimore's attorney. Who was this woman, the first female in the New World to request the right to vote?

Accompanied by two brothers and a sister, Margaret Brent arrived in St. Mary's City on November 22, 1638. She proceeded to claim a land grant, and engaged in numerous business ventures, trading in tobacco, indentured servants, and land. She appeared in court to sue for debts and to protect her interests, and often acted for her brothers as well. Margaret Brent was named with Governor Leonard Calvert as joint guardian for Mary Kittamaquund, daughter of the chief of the Piscataways. Ten years after her arrival, Margaret Brent was prominent as a businesswoman and landowner.

Existence in 17th-century Maryland was precarious. Threatened by disease, life was hard and often short. Under such conditions, some women were forced to step out of the sheltered sphere they had inhabited back in England. Margaret Brent was not the only woman to claim land in her own right or to pursue her own interests in court. However, she chose to do so; she was not forced. Her continuing unmarried state was unusual in a settlement where the male/female ratio was about six to one.

Born around 1601, Margaret Brent was approximately thirty-seven years old when she arrived in Maryland. Little is known about the first half of her life. She was one of thirteen children born to Richard and Elizabeth Brent. The Brents were landed Catholic gentry living in Gloucestershire. Daughters of such families usually lived quietly at home under the domination of their fathers until they married, at which time control of their lives and their fortunes was transferred to their husbands. In light of her later life, it is hard to imagine Margaret Brent indulging in needlework and other maidenly pastimes for thirty-seven years. She seems to have had some education. Her decision to emigrate to Maryland was not so unique; what was unusual was her coming as head of her own household and not as an appendage of her brothers. Her brothers emigrated to seek opportunities in business and public affairs not available to them in England as Catholics and younger sons; Margaret may have emigrated to escape the inherent constraints of her life in England.

Fifteen years after the first settlers arrived, the Maryland settlement faced a severe crisis. In 1645, the civil war raging in England between Charles I and Parliament spilled over into Maryland. Richard Ingle, a Protestant and a partisan of the English Parliament, invaded St. Mary's City, destroyed the property of Catholic settlers, and took the Jesuit priests and Margaret's brother Giles back to England in chains. Governor Leonard Calvert and other settlers fled to Virginia, and the population of the colony dropped drastically. Late in 1646, the Governor returned with soldiers to reestablish Calvert control. However, Governor Leonard Calvert died in 1647 with his own and Maryland's affairs still in turmoil. From his deathbed, exhorting her to "Take all and pay all," he appointed Margaret Brent his executor, a testimony to his faith in her abilities.

Margaret's decisive actions in such troubled times ensured the survival of the settlement. The most pressing problem was paying Leonard Calvert's soldiers, who were on the verge of a mutiny. Margaret averted that disaster by having the assembly transfer to her Leonard Calvert's power of attorney for his brother Lord Baltimore. Because Leonard Calvert's estate was not sufficient, she sold some of Lord Baltimore's cattle to pay the soldiers. Her most famous action, requesting two votes in the assembly, occurred while she was trying to resolve the Calvert affairs.

Ultimately, Margaret's actions in averting disaster were commended by the assembly to Lord Baltimore, who could not see beyond the loss of his cattle. The Brents never regained his favor and relocated to Virginia by 1651, where Margaret died around 1671.

Margaret Brent remains an enigma. Her life was filled with actions remarkable and unusual for a woman of the 17th century. Documents record at least a part of what she did; we can only conjecture why.

Vol. 4, No. 33
October 1, 1990



Anderson, Patricia A., "Coroner's Inquests 1778-1789, Frederick County," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 1, No. 1, January 1985, and No. 2, January 1985, contains abstracts of inquests of suspicious deaths. Ms. Anderson compiled the abstracts from records here at the Archives. She concluded that the inquests "show a readily-admitted belief in acts of God to explain accidental deaths and the instigation of the Devil to explain acts of violence and suicides."

The following summaries are taken from Anderson's article. In 1779 an infant died in a tan vat accident. In 1780 a slave died by the accident of God. In 1783 a boy drowned when he fell off a log he was using to cross a creek. In the same year a runaway slave had been captured and, while being taken across the Monocacy River in a boat, he jumped overboard and drowned because his arms were tied. In 1784 a man died of smallpox. In 1785 a man murdered his wife and four children with an ax and then stabbed himself with a penknife. In 1785 another runaway slave died, this time from the freezing cold. One man stole a keg of brandy and four days later was found dead with the empty keg. In 1786 a woman was accused of murdering her newborn infant. In 1787 a man beat his wife to death.

Several men while in jail, including one imprisoned for debt, died of natural causes. The inquests list many accidental drownings, many deaths attributed to drinking including a man who, while trying to climb a hill, tumbled into a creek at the bottom of the hill, and several suicides by hanging.


Vol. 4, No. 35
October 15, 1990


Bode, Carl Mencken 9-3-6

Mullaney, Marie Marmo Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United Sttes 1983-1988 16-4-4

Stowe, Steven M. Intimacy and Power in the Old South: Ritual in the Lives of the Planters 13-3-6

Hargrove, Hondon B. Black Union Soldiers in the Civil War 15-1-2

Anderson, William G. The Price of Liberty: The Public Debt of the American Revolution 14-4-2

Smith, Paul H. Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789 Volume 13: June 1 - September 30, 1779 13-4-2

Neverdon-Morton, Cynthia Afro-American Women of the South and the Advancement 12-4-1

Baltimore County Genealogical Society Abstracts of the Baltimore Coutny Land Commissions 1727-1762 3-1-1

Freeman, Roland L. The Arabbers of Baltimore 10-2-5

Mowbray, William W. The Eastern Shore Baseball League 9-2-1

Rollo, Vera Foster The Proprietorship of Maryland: A Documented Account 8-3-1

Davis, David Brian Slavery in the Colonial Chesapeake 8-4-3

Kaminski, John P. A Great and Good Man: George Washington in the Eyes of His Contemporaries 9-4-4

Library of Congress Annual Report of the Librarian of Congress for the Fiscal Year Ending Sept. 30, 1988 7-3-3

Stevens, Kristen L. An Investigation of the Archaeological Resources Associated with the Brown's Wharf Site on... 8-2-4

Beach, John Glen Burnie Centennial - Year in Review 9-4-6

Watson, Alan D. The Constitution and North Carolina: Rebellion, Rights, and Ratification, 1776-1789 16-3-2

Cavanagh, John C. Decision at Fayette Ratification Convention and General Assembly of 1789 16-3-2

Goldenberg, Joseph A. Shipbuilding in Colonial America (Museum Publication No. 33) 16-4-2

Breen, T. H. "Myne Owne Ground" Race and Freedom on Virginia's Eastern Shore, 1640-1676 16-3-4

Tate, Thad W. The Negro in Eighteenth-Century Williamsburg 16-3-4

Bloom, Sol The Story of The Constitution 14-3-1

Mackinnon, Neil This Unfriendly Soil: The Loyalist Experience in Nova Scotia 1783-1791 14-4-3

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 1774-1777 3-1-2

Lankford, Wilmer O. Genealogical Data from Somerset County, Maryland Court Records 1675-1677 3-1-1

Boyce-Ballweber, Hettie The First People of Maryland 8-1-5

Byrne, John Edward The News from Harper's Ferry; The Press As Lens and Prism for John Brown's Raid (Ph.D. Dissertation) 9-1-2

Jarobe, Betty M. Obituaries: A Guide to Sources, 2nd edition REF

Skelton, Dorothy G. Simmons The Squire Simmons Family 1746-1986 REF

Peach, John Harding The Peach Tree Handbook Volume II: Southern Maryland Branch REF

Coone, Lucille Barco The Livingtons of Virginia Volume I REF

Hall, Margaret On Display: A Design Grammar for Museum Exhibitions Rick's office

O'Connor, Diane Vogt Guide to Photographic Collections at the Smithsonian Institution, Volume I: National Museum of Ameri Mame's office

Bridenbaugh, Carl Vexed and Troubled Englishmen 1590-1642: The Beginnings of the American People Phoebe's office

Bridenbaugh, Carl Vexed and Troubled Englishmen 1590-1642: The Beginnings of the American People Shashi's office

Reamy, Bill and Martha Records of St. Paul's Parish REF

Floyd, Bianca P. Records and Recollections: Early History In Prince George's County, Maryland 12-4-3

Crew, Spencer R. Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915-1940 12-4-2

Smith, James Wesley Sojourners in Search of Freedom: The Settlement of Liberia by Black Americans 12-4-2

Colonial Records of Virginia (Senate Document - Extra) 7-1-2

Duff, Jeffrey Michael Guide to Kentucky Birth, Marriage, and Death Records 1852-1910, Revised Edition 6-3-2

Minnesota Hisotrical Society Annual Report to the Friends of the Minnesota Historial Society 6-3-1

Hayward, Mary Ellen Baltimore's Westminster Cemetery and Westminster Presbyterian Church: A Guide to the Markers and Bur 3-1-5

Harper, Irma Heirs and Legatees of Caroline County 3-1-1

Peden, Henry C. Heirs and Legatees of Harford County, Maryland 1774-1802 3-1-1

Stryker-Rodda, Harriet Understanding Colonial Handwriting 3-3-3

Kaminkow, Jack and Marion A List of Emigrants from England to America 1718-1759, New Edition 3-2-3

Lebsock, Suzanne Virginia Women, 1600-1945 "A Slave of Honour" 16-4-3

Dobyns, Henry F. Their Number Become Thinned: Native American Population Dynamics in Eastern North America 15-4-5

Hoffman, Ronald The Economy of Early America: The Revolutionary Period 14-4-3

Cornish, Dudley Taylor The Sable Arm: Black Troops in the Union Army, 1861-1865 15-1-2

Diocese of Washington Directory of the Episcopal Diocese of Washington and Journal of the 94th Annual Convention 12-3-2

The Baltimore Museum of Art Maryland Period Rooms 8-3-4

Brown, Jacob Brown's Miscellaneous Writings Upon a Great Variety of Subjects 9-2-3

Dollarhide, William Managing a Genealogical Project 2-1-2

Wright, F. Edward Newspaper Abstracts of Cecil and Harford Counties 1822-1830 3-3-1

Hovermill, Harry A. Indices to Cecil County, Maryland Marriage Licenses 1865-1885 2-1-5

Carroll County Genealogical Society Carroll County Cemeteries, Volume I: Southeast 3-1-6

McCahill, Michael W. Order and Equipoise: The Peerage and the House of Lords 1783-1806 2-1-4

Lederer, Richard M., Jr. Colonial American English 1-1-4

Barnes, John C. Somerset County, Maryland 1870 Census 3-3-2

Wright, F. Edward Caroline County 1860 Census 3-3-2

Molisani, Jackie 1860 Census of Dorchester County, Maryland 3-3-2

Riley, Janet Wilson 1860 Census of Talbot County, Maryland 3-3-2

Vol. 4, No. 36
October 29, 1990


Smead, Howard Afro-Americans 12-4-2

Touart, Paul Baker Somerset: An Architectural History 10-2-1

Akerson, Louise E. Baltimore's Material Culture 1780 - 1904 An Archaeological Perspective 8-2-4

Corddry, Mary U. Museums and Monuments of the Eastern Shore of Maryland 8-1-4

Parks, A. Franklin Maryland: Unity in Diversity - Essays on Maryland Life and Culture 7-4-6

Tennessee State Library and Archives List of Tennessee State Publications April - June 1990 6-1-6

Everstine, Carl N. General Assembly of Maryland 1850 - 1920 11-3-1

State Library of Louisiana Public Documents, No. 82 January - June 1990 6-2-2

Bigelow, Martha Mitchell Role of Archives in the Communities They Serve: A Symposium 10, 1989 Celebrating the Opening of Michigan State Archives... 6-2-4

Morrison, Russell Charting the Chesapeake designed and edited by Edward Papenfuse and Ann H. Grogg 5-4-2

Eichholz, Alice Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources 2-1-2

Sluby, Paul E. Presbyterian Cemetery Records (Georgetown) Washington, D.C. 3-1-6

Cook, Eleanor M. Guide to the Records of Your District of Columbia Ancestors, 4th ed. 2-1-2

National Socity of Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America Lineage Book, vol. 38 3-3-6

Hensen, Steven L. Archives, Personal Papers, and Manuscripts - A Cataloging Manual for Archival Repositories and Manuscript Libraries, 2nd ed. RM 105

Molter, Nelson J. My Home and Several Others in Severna Park, Anne Arundel County, Maryland 1911 - 1990 10-4-2

Ensko, Stephen G. American Silversmiths and their Marks: The Definitive (1948) edition Madeliene Office

Province, Dorothy S. Registrations of Free Negroes 1806 - 1863 Prince George's County, Maryland 3-1-1

Nelker, Gladys P. Town Neck Hundred of Anne Arundel County: The Land 3-1-1

Thomas, Bill Thomas Handbook of Quality Control for the Microfilm Industry 3-4-2

Kelbaugh, Ross J. Directory of Civil War Photographers, vol. 1: Maryland, delaware, Washington, D.C., Northern Virginia, West Virginia Mame's Office

Terrill, Don C.,et. al Terrill Family, Descendants of John and Clarissa Terrill REF

Russell, Donna Valley Selby Families of Colonial America REF

Gross, Robert A. Printing, Politics, and the People (reprinted from the Proceedings of the AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY, vol. 99, pt. 2, Oct. 1989) 15-4-6

Rivoire, J. Richard Homeplaces: Traditional Domestic Architecture of Charles County, Maryland 10-4-5

Hoornstra, Jean American Periodicals 1741 - 1900: An Index to the Microfilm Collections ECP

Byron, Gilbert Lord's Oysters 8-4-4

Peterkin, Ernest W. Exercise of arms in the Continental Infantry ECP

American Heritage American Heritage 35-year Cumulative Index (vol. 6, no. 1 - vol. 40, no. 8 December 1954 - December 1989) ECP

Garraty, John A. American Heritage 35-year Chronological Subject Guide (December 1954 - December 1989) ECP

R. R. Bowker Company American Library Directory, 41st ed. 1988 - 1989, 2 vols. RM 105

Lewis, H. H. Walker Bicentennial History of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland 1790 - 1990 11-3-6

Vol. 4, No. 37
November 13, 1990


During the process of substituting photostatic copies for original records, I have created several new series for the "retired" originals. By now many of you will have noticed that these photostats have replaced some original Land Office and Prerogative Court records. The existing Stagser lists will also be updated to reflect that the photostats have replaced the original records.

In addition to the new original records series, other new accessions are listed.



1666-1705; C 2100

LAND OFFICE (Rent Rolls, Original Record)

1748-1775; S 1281

LAND OFFICE (Warrants, Original Record)

1715-1722; S 1282



1938-1941; S 139-6/21

PREROGATIVE COURT (Accounts, Original


1720-1721, 1729-1730, 1742-1743, 1749-1752, 1754-1755, 1757-1760, 1762-1763; S 1277

PREROGATIVE COURT (Inventories and

Accounts, Original Record)

1709-1710, 1713-1715; S 1279

PREROGATIVE COURT (Inventories, Original Record)

1719-1720, 1747-1751, 1757-1758; S 1278


Proceedings, Original Record)

1746-1750; S 1280

PREROGATIVE COURT (Wills, Original Record)

1635-1714, 1720-1721, 1743-1746, 1748-1760, 1764-1766; S 1276

Vol. 4, No. 38
November 19, 1990


CHANCERY COURT (Chancery Papers) 10028 [MSA S512, MdHR 17898-10028-1/5, 1-39-2-34]

Chancery case 10028 involves peopleliving in Baltimore County and in England and land and mineral speculation in Western Maryland and what is now northern West Virginia. In 1849 George Neilson filed his bill of complaint against the heirs and representatives of Richard Caton who had died intestate in 1845. Incidently Caton was a son-in-law of Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Neilson had tried to collect a debt owed by Caton by having his land in Allegany County sold. But this attempt was blocked by claims that the land was held in trust for Caton's daughters and thus not subject to seizure for the father's debts. Neilson claimed this was a fraudulent maneuver to prevent creditors from getting their money. The personal property of Caton's estate was insufficient to cover all debts. Thus, Neilson wanted the court to order a sale of real estate.

Richard Caton had four daughters, three of whom married titled Englishman and lived in Great Britain. They and the other defendants presented basically the same answers to the bill of complaint. They all said that the three daughters living in England periodically sent money to their father for investment purposes. Caton used the funds to purchase land in the coal and iron regions of Western Maryland and Virginia. Some land was deeded to William Woodville, Caton's nephew, as trustee for the daughters. In some instances Caton would invest his own money and become part owner of some of the parcels.

The more interesting parts of this case concern the exhibits filed by both sides. There are transcripts of civil cases in the Allegany and Baltimore county courts. The original papers of these cases mayor may not be found among the extant records of those two courts. One daughter submitted extracts of her father's letters. The defendants also filed several original letters written by Richard Caton to his daughters. The letters and extracts showed Caton acknowledging receipt of money and describing the investments he made. Caton also described in detail the land and stocks being purchased, gave progress reports, and speculated about future prospects. Besides proving the defendants' points, these exhibits give information about mining, canals, and railroads in Western Maryland and northern Virginia in the mid-nineteenth century.

In 1847 Richard Caton attempted to established a coal and iron company in order to realize a return on his family's lands in Allegany Co. A copy of the prospectus summary, and exhibit in the case, appears at the end of this newsletter. The attempt to sell the lands and form a corporation did not succeed, in part because Caton died in early 1845.

James H. Stimpson testified in 1852 about the lands in Allegany Co. The case file offers no clue about Stimpson's role in any of the points introduced into court. But he did list each parcel of land and give the tract names, acreage, and owners' names. He described the land as vacant and unimproved and worth between $.25 and $2.00 per acre.

Another unusual feature of this chancery case is the existence of the Chancellor's notes, made presumably when he was considering his decision in 1852. The Chancellor felt that the evidence supported the defendants' contentions and yet revealed that Richard Caton had owned some land in his own right and some in common with his daughters. So he decreed that the lands owned outright Caton should be sold to satisfy the debt.

The case papers do not reveal whether the sale actually took place. In 1853 the Chancery Court eased to exist and all pending proceedings were sent to the appropriate circuit court. In the Neilson case this could have meant either Allegany Co. where the land was located or Baltimore Co. where some of the litigants lived. Or, maybe the case was settled out of court.


MdHR D 2276: Mabel White East Collection of Miller, White, Maddox and East Family Bible Records. Genealogical material relating to the Miller, White, Maddox and East families of Somerset and Worcester counties.


MdHR D 2277: Newspapers of Maryland Publication Collection. Materials relating to the publication of Newspapers of Maryland: A Guide to the Microfilm Collection of Newspapers at the Maryland State Archives. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate

MSA SC 2278: Chesapeake Bay Exhibit Collection. Traveling exhibit relating to preservation of the Chesapeake Bay. Includes Chesapeake Bay Agreement. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2279: House of Delegates Skylight Restoration Project. Slides and documentation of the restoration of the Tiffany skylight in the House of Delegates Chamber, State House, Annapolis. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate without the permission of the State Archivist.

MSA SC 2280: Susan E. Harwood Collection of Stevens-Eccleston Family Papers. Letters and genealogical materials relating to the Stevens and Eccleston families. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2281. Maryland State Flag and U.S. Flag flown for dedication of new Archives Building. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate

MSA SC 2282: Maryland Historic Sites Survey Collection. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2283: Maryland State Archives Architectural Plans Collection. Architectural changes to renovate Old Hall of Records Building. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate without permission of State Archivist

MSA SC 2284: Executive Department Publication Collection. Negatives for publication of Final Report of the Governor's Task Force on Violence and Extremism. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate without permission of State Archivist

MSA SC 2285: Architectural Reference Collection of Archives and Libraries in the United States. Architectural plans of archives and libraries in the United States. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate without permission of State Archivist

MSA SC 2286: State Power Plant Collection. Architectural plans for alterations and additions to State Power Plant, Annapolis. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2287: Maryland State Archives Building Architectural Collection. Sketches for proposed new Maryland State Archives Building, Annapolis. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate without permission of State Archivist

MSA SC 2289: Southern Maryland Studies Center Collection. Maryland Independent, 1874-1931, 1988; The Enterprise, 1988; The Times Cresent, 1988. RESTRICTIONS: See administrative file

MSA SC 2290: Robert C. Reid Newspaper Collection. Bowie Blade. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2291: Anne Arundel County Historical Society Newspaper Collection. Advertiser Republican, Anne Arundel Spokesman, Flag of our Union, Anne Arundel Star. RESTRICTIONS: See administrative file

MSA SC 2292: Charles Carroll Exhibit Graphics Collection. Graphics relating to exhibit on Charles Carroll of Carrollton. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate

MSA SC 2293: Convict Servant Research Notes Collection. Research notes and manuscripts relating to convict servants in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. RESTRICTIONS: User needs the permission of the donor to quote materials for publication use.

MSA SC 2294: United States Coast Survey Chart Collection. Prints from original plates of Coast Survey charts. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate

MSA SC 2295: Yesterday's News Collection. Flyers advertising Conference on the History and Preservation of Maryland Newspapers. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2296: Senate Office Building Architectural Collection. Architectural plans for alterations to the Senate Office Building. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2297: An Annapolis Portrait Collection. Poster for The Train's Done Been and Gone by Marion E. Warren and Mary Elizabeth Warren. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2298: Maryland State Archives Publication Graphic Collection. Graphics and photo for publicity and promotion use of the Maryland State Archives. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate

MSA SC 2299: Maryland State Archives Biography Collection. Biographical files compiled for special projects and publications of the Maryland State Archives. RESTRICTIONS: None

MSA SC 2300: Captain Salem Avery Family Bible Collection. Family Bible. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate original

MSA SC 2301: Murrays of Woodstock Farm, West River Collection of Family Papers. Diary and letters with transcripts of Harriette Woodward Murray. Includes correspondence relating to Woodstock. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate original documents

MSA SC 2302. Wedgewood plate, "Am I Not A Man and a Brother?". RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate

MSA SC 2303: History of the Catholic Church in Maryland Collection. Videocassette tape of "Thy Kingdom Come," a documentary of the history of the Catholic Church.


MSA SC 2304: Calvert Marine Museum Photographic Collection. Panoramic view of Baltimore city (copy print).


MSA SC 2306: MdCAP Inventory-Appraisal Collection. Slides taken during inventory and appraisal of MdCAP inventory of state owned fine arts, fiscal year 1990. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate without permission of State Archivist or Curator of Artistic Property

MSA SC 2307: Charles Carroll of Carrollton Study Sketch Collection. Portrait sketch of Charles Carroll of Carrollton. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate original sketch.

MSA SC 2309: W. J. Gallagher Collection of Cecil County Marriage and Death Notices. Marriage and death notices from the Cecil Whig

MSA SC 2310: Baltimore City Archives Exhibit Graphics Collection. Documents and photographs for exhibit at City Hall, Baltimore. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate originals

MSA SC 2311: Maryland State Law Library Collection of the Maryland Gazette. 41 volumes of the Annapolis Maryland Gazette. RESTRICTIONS: Do not circulate originals

Vol. 4, No. 39
December 3, 1990


Barnes, John C. Worcester County, Maryland 1870 Census 3-2-2

Collins, Susie Chance Talbot County, Maryland, Alienation Fees 1662 - 1740 3-1-1

Myers, Margaret E. Marriage Licenses of Frederick County 1778 - 1810, 2nd ed. 2-1-5

Myers, Margaret E. Marriage Licenses of Frederick County 1811 - 1840 2-1-5

Manuel, Janet Thompson Marriage Licenses Montgomery County, Maryland 1798 - 1898 2-1-5

Upper Shore Genealogical Society of Maryland Tombstones of Talbot County, Maryland, vol. 1 3-1-6

Wright, F. Edward Anne Arundel County Church Records of the 17th and 18th Centuries REF

Baltimore County Genealogical Society Baltimore Cemeteries, vol. 5: St. Mary's Cemetery 3-1-6

Baltimore County Genealogical Society Baltimore Cemeteries, vol. 6: Mt. Olive Cemetery 3-1-6

Williams, Lillian Tarvin Tarvin Family in Charles County, Maryland (Private Paper) REF

Imazylks-Adcox Descendants of John Parker (1740 - 1793) and His Wife Sarah Gordy (1743 - 1825) of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and Georgia REF

McIntyre, Robert Harry Annapolis Maryland Families, vol. 2 REF

Russo, Jean E. Constable's Lists: An Invaluable Resource (Printed in MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE pp. 164 - 170) 3-1-1

Meyer, Mary Keysor Meyer's Directory of Genealogical Societies in the U.S.A. and Canada, 8th ed. 2-1-3

Skinner, V. L., Jr. Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland 3-1-2

OCLC Online Computer Library Center United States Newspaper Program National Union List, 3rd ed. (Plus 55 sheets of Microfiche) Les

Cook, Michael Manual of Archival Description, 2nd ed. 3-3-4

American Historical Association Directory of History Departments and Organizations in the United States and Canada 1990 - 1991, 16th ed. Shashi, ECP

Green, Karen Mauer Maryland Gazette 1727 - 1761 Genealogical and Historical Abstracts 3-2-1

Papenfuse, Edward C. Archives of Maryland New Series I: An Historical List of Public Officials of Maryland, vol. 1: 1632 - 1990 5-4-2, REF

Zinkham, Helena Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials: Genre and Physical Characteristic Headings Mame

Preston, Walter W. History of Harford County, Maryland, From 1608 to the Close of the War of 1812 10-3-2

Grant, Ulysses S. Memoirs and Selected Letters - Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Selected Letters 1839 - 1865 9-3-2

Sherman, William Tecumseh Memoirs of General W. T. Sherman 9-4-3

Jackson, Ronald Vern, et al Maryland 1860 Except the City of Baltimore Federal Census Index REF

Jackson, Ronald Vern, et al Baltimore, Maryland, 1860 Federal Census Index REF

Brigham, Clarence S. History and Bibliography of American Newspapers 1690 - 1820, 2 vols. Les

Western Reserve Historical Society Library Introduction to the Frances Payne Bolton Papers and the Frances Payne Bolton Audio-Visual Collection, Payne Fund Records, Chester Castle Bolton Papers 5-4-5

Rozbicki, Michael J. Transformation of the English Cultural Ethos in Colonial America, Maryland 1634 - 1720 8-3-1

Varga, Nicholas Baltimore's Loyola, Loyola's Baltimore 1841 - 1986 10-1-4

Johnson, Paula J. Working with Water: The Commercial Fisheries of Maryland's Patuxent River 8-1-3

Ierley, Merritt Traveling the National Road: Across the Centuries on America's First Highway ECP

Nylander, Jane C. Fabrics for Historic BuildingsMadeleine

Fisher, Charles E., III Well-Appointed Bath: Authentic Plans and Fixtures from the Early 1900s (Landmark Reprint Series) Madeleine

Shivers, NatalieWalls and Molding: How to Care for Old and Historic Wood and Plaster (Respectful Rehabilitation Series)


National Trust for Historic Preservation Respectful Rehabilitation: Answers to Your Questions about Old Buildings Madeleine

London, Mark Masonary: How to Care for Old and Historic Brick and Stone (Respectful Rehabilitation Series) Madeleine

Oakley, Robert L. Copyright and Preservation: A Serious Problem in need of a Thoughtful Solution, September 1990, Report Doug

ALIC Archives Library Information Center Disaster Planning (Bibliography) by Lida H. Churchville, 1990-1 (July) 4-4-1

ALIC Archives Library Information Center Administration of Preservation Programs in Archives - A Selective Bibliography by Paul Conway, 1990-4 (July) 4-4-1

ALIC Archives Library Information Center CIDS Bibliographies (Research Papers) compiled by Linda Van Den Akker-Landrum and others, 1990-3 (May) 4-4-1

ALIC Archives Library Information Center CCIDA Bibliographies compiled by Linda H. Churchville, 1990-2 (May) 4-4-1

ALIC Archives Library Information Center ALIC Acquisitions List Covering the Period October 1, 1989 - March 31, 1990, Compiled by Lida H. Churchville, Volume 1990(1), Issue 9 (May) 4-4-1

ALIC Archives Library Information Center ALIC Notes April 1990, July 1990 4-4-1

American Association for State and Local History Celebrating 50 years of Tradition, 50th Annual Meeting Washington, DC September 5-8, 1990 19-1-5

Maryland State Law Library Sources of Basic Genealogical Research in the Maryland State Law Library - A Sampler 5-4-5

Ellis, Donna M. Calvert Papers: Calendar and Guide to the Microfilm Edition 5-4-5

Cox, Richard J. Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Calvert Papers 5-4-5

Antiques Magazine America's Museums 1990-1991 (A Supplement to ANTIQUES) 3-4-5

FMC Corporation, Lithium Division Evaluation Strategy Paper Preservation Systems, February 12, 1990 3-4-2

Jourdan, Elise Greenup Land Records of Prince George's County Maryland 1702 to 1709 3-1-1

Thomson, Ronald Bruce Independence National Historical Park - The Story Behind the Scenery 16-3-2

Hood, Graham American Silver: A History of Style, 1650 - 1900 Madeleine


Recently a researcher found an unusual notation for race or color in a 1918 death record. The letters AA mystified everyone until Tim found a subsequent record containing the terms Afro-American.

Vol. 4, No. 40
December 10, 1990


In addition to the new accessions listed below, work has been started on processing the ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT

(Equity Papers) 1851--. The Records are currently processed through 1879.


(Notary Public Protest Record, Marine) 1890-1892. C 2101

BALTIMORE CITY SUPERIOR COURT (Voter Registration Appeal Papers) 1899-1901. C 2102


Removal Affidavits, Original) 1901-1906. C 2103

GOVERNOR (General File) 1970. S1041 - Abortion Letters


(Publicity Materials) 1971-1976. S 127


CHANCERY COURT (Chancery Papers) 10309

[S512, MdHR 17,898-10,309-1/4, 1-39-2-71]

In 1837 a woman filed a bill of complaint against her ex-father-in-law. She and her husband had separated in 1827 and obtained a divorce in 1835. After the separation the wife lived in Baltimore and Washington, DC with her family. The husband retained custody of their daughter who has been born in 1824. After the husbands's death in 1835 the wife tried to meet with her daughter. After these attempts failed to produce satisfactory results, the mother decided to sue the grandfather, who was legal guardian of the child, in order to obtain custody.

Rare indeed is a child custody suit in the 19th century, especially one involving a parent. The names of litigants and witnesses are not being used in this article because of the personal nature of the information revealed in the documents.

Amidst the claims of abuse and abandonment it is difficult to determine from the chancery papers a clear picture of what caused the breakup of the marriage. Of course, this was not the matter under consideration. The issue concerned the custody of a child. The mother claimed that the grandfather was too old to be an effective guardian and that he had no wife or daughter to help him. She ignored the fact that his other son and his family lived in the same house. The mother also claimed that her daughter was not receiving an education. In his answer the grandfather denied all these allegations, said his granddaughter did not wish to live with her mother, and accused the mother's uncle of scheming to kidnap the daughter in 1836.

The rest of the case file contains testimony and exhibits from both sides. The plaintiff's witness included two aunts who operated a boarding house in Washington, DC, an uncle who worked as clerk for the U.S. Treasury, a U.S. Supreme Court justice, a former SO register of wills, and a former SO orphans court judge. The defendant's witnesses were locally prominent planters, businessman, and politicians. Most of the testimony centered around the competency of one person to be the guardian and the incompetency of the other.

From these same documents one can glean much genealogical and biographical information about both sides of this troubled family. For example, the grandfather had been a SO orphans court judge and a successful businessman. Specifics about the education of his two sons were presented. One son, the plaintiffs' husband, had not been financially successful and was supported by his father. The other son became a medical doctor and practiced in SO. The plaintiffs' uncle had been a member of the House of Delegates from SO. Then he worked as a land surveyor in Indiana and later as an agent for the American Colonization Society in the western territories.

Other matters for which opposing versions were presented concerned two visits between the mother and daughter in 1836 and plots to kidnap the daughter. As a result of a court order from a WO Court judge, two visits between the mother and daughter were arranged. Everyone agreed that the daughter did not want to see her mother and that both meetings were unpleasant. The second visit ended violently. The mother claimed she was trying to hug the child when three men pulled her away. The men claimed that they rescued the child from being abducted by the mother. Afterwards the quarrel erupted into print. The mother's uncle prepared two pamphlets for local distribution and the three men printed one. Two of the pamphlets appear as exhibits in the case file. Each side gave its version of the visits and the kidnapping plots.

After reading this chancery case one could easily react by feeling very sorry for the daughter for imposing on her a variety of adult disputes. In the end her guardianship was resolved very sadly. The case file shows nothing happening after February 1838. Marriages and Deaths of the Lower Delmarva by F. Edward Wright contains on entry about the daughter's death at the home of her grandfather in June 1838.

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