Newsletter of
The Maryland State Archives
Vol. 16, No. 15
August 26, 2002
Copeland of the University of Maryland College Park became the Archives' first Kathleen O'Ferrall Friedman Research Fellow, building on biographical research begun by previous interns on Maryland women in the judiciary; Virgilio Aquino of Annapolis High School and Ashley Michael of South River High School were two students from Anne Arundel County Public Schools' Gifted and Talented Program who served briefly with the Maryland Manual On-line; and Caroline Grambo of the University of Maryland College Park and Queen Anne's School student 
(continued on last page)

Page 2
The Archivists' Bulldog
Runaway slaves themselves were the focus of the second part of our project, the extraction of advertisements from newspapers published between 1830 and 1860.  The daily Baltimore Sun, which had one of the widest circulation in the region, proved to be the most fruitful source of slave ads, averaging nearly 100 per year.  Each ad was scanned and linked to a comprehensive database. The database contains information about the owner; the slave's name, age, and gender; location a slave escaped from; likely routes the fugitive took; and number of other slaves accompanying a runaway. Future users of the database will be able to construct queries about the profile of the average runaway, the concentration of runaway cases in various counties of Maryland, the frequency of escape, and the popularity of certain destinations. 

In addition to census and newspaper record stripping, we built extensive profiles of people who assisted runaway slaves in their flight. Unfortunately, one of the best ways to confirm the existence of the Underground Railroad in Maryland, and the structure of its operation, is by examining its unsuccessful attempts. We compiled a list of people convicted of enticing and persuading or aiding and abetting slaves to run away. We recorded all documents associated with the case studies, such as the court files, prison records, and pardon papers. Also searched were census records, slave schedules, marriage licenses, land records, and newspapers. Most of the people convicted of helping slaves were pardoned after issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. Case studies such as these enable one to understand exactly how slaves escaped from their masters, and the punishments issued if caught. 

All of this research will be used to piece together the Underground Railroad in Maryland, whether through tracking the movement of runaway slaves, plotting the positions of slave holdings, or identifying the runaway slaves themselves. 

The Archivists' Bulldog 
Page 3

Page 4
The Archivists' Bulldog 
by Brianne Seymour and Brenda Wilson 

We assisted the librarian, Christine Alvey, with a variety of tasks, from checking in and routing periodicals to returning borrowed books to the State Law Library and picking up donations of State Government Publications. 

Most of the work focused on gaining bibliographic control of library material by fully accessioning Maryland related publications. Accessioning is a multi-step process. Books are stamped with a numbering machine and descriptive cataloging information is recorded on a form and then entered into the database that supports the online public access library catalog. Christine added subject headings and call numbers. Also accessioned, given locations, and entered into a database were many homeless government publications. Placing the prodigal items and otherwise straightening the stacks produced the most visible results. 

We culled many boxes of duplicate Archives of Maryland volumes and Maryland Manuals from various locations in the stacks, and organized and inventoried them. They were boxed in an orderly manner, loaded onto transfer carts, and sent off site to the Ordinance Road warehouse. "Stevedores! We worked like stevedores!" Christine kept saying. 

We visited several offices in the Archives to locate library books and logged them into the new  circulation system for Library and Government Publications that provides the librarian with an efficient way to quickly locate materials in use by Archives staff. 

The Archivists' Bulldog 
Page 5